The motor actions that can be witnessed as a virtuoso musician performs can be so fast, so accomplished, so precise, as to seem somehow superhuman. The musician has to produce the movements, monitor those they have already made and the subsequent result, co-ordinate their hands, fingers, eyes, and perhaps throat and diaphragm. These achievements are of course the product of hundreds, even thousands of hours of practice - playing scales, studies, time and time again. But those hours of practice by no means guarantee that great musicianship will result. This technical prowess has to be combined with a range of other, perhaps, less tangible qualities.
This book explores the secrets of musical virtuosity. It presents a comprehensive account of music and motor cognition, examining the neural basis of music making - our understanding of which is just starting to be enhanced by brain imaging. It considers the effect on our brains of prolonged music making. It explores the motor processes across a range of instruments (vocal, string, wind, percussion) and within different performance situations. It also considers what happens when things start to go wrong - why motor problems occur in so many professional musicians in later life, and the possible therapies for such problems.
Music is a topic of considerable interest within the brain sciences. With contributions from leading psychologists, neuroscientists, and neurologists, this book makes a unique contribution to our understanding of music and the brain.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press, USA|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||9.50(w) x 6.70(h) x 0.70(d)|
About the Author
After graduating in Medicine and Music Eckart Altenmüller held a postdoctoral position in the department of Clinical Neurophysiology in Freiburg where he carried out research into brain activation during auditory processing of music and learning of fine motor skills. He received his clinical training in Neurology at the Department of Neurology at the University of Tübingen (Head of the Department Prof. Dr. J. Dichgans). Since 1994 he is a chair and director of the Institute of Music Physiology and Musicians' Medicine. He continues research into movement disorders in musicians and into motor and sensory learning in musicians. In his outpatient clinic he sees 500 musicians a year, mostly suffering from movement disorders such as focal dystonia, focal tremor or from chronic pain syndromes. Currently 270 patients suffering from musicians' cramp are under his supervision. During the last ten years he received 20 grants from the German Research Society (DFG).
Table of Contents
Historical increases in expert music performance skills: optimizing instruments, playing techniques, and training Andreas C. Lehmann 3
From cognition to action Lutz Jancke 25
The nature of memory for music performance skills Caroline Palmer 39
Musical synchronization Bruno H. Repp 55
Hand movements and musical performance Thomas E. Jerde Marco Santello Martha Flanders John F. Soechting 79
Movement analysis in pianists Hans-Christian Jabusch 91
Fingering and bowing in violinists: a motor control approach Mario Wiesendanger Andreas Baader Oleg Kazennikov 109
Movements and analysis of drumming Sofia Dahl 125
Representation in the brain
Brain structures of musicians: executive functions and morphological implications Gottfried Schlaug 141
The motor representation in pianists and string players Lutz Jancke 153
Brain activation during piano playing Marc Bangert 173
Brain activation during string playing Arto Nirkko Rumyana Kristeva 189
'Singing in the (b)rain': cerebral correlates of vocal music performance in humans H. Ackermann D. Wildgruber A. Riecker 205
Sensory-motor networks in singing and speaking: a comparative approach Reyna Leigh Gordon Amelie Racette Daniele Schon 223
The role of inhibition in the motor control of finger function Christian Gerloff Friedhelm Hummel 239
Apollo's curse-loss of motor control in musicians
The end of the song? Robert Schumann's focal dystonia Eckart Altenmuller 251
Epidemiology, phenomenology, and therapy of musician's cramp Hans-Christian Jabusch Eckart Altenmuller 265
The neurophysiology of focal hand dystonia in musicians Karin Rosenkranz 283
The development of focal dystonia in musicians as a consequence of maladaptive plasticity: implications for intervention Nancy N. Byl Alberto Priori 293
Music performance anxiety Jurg Kesselring 309