Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Paperback(New Edition)



The motor actions that can be witnessed as a virtuoso musician performs can be so fast, so accomplished, so precise, as to seem somehow superhuman. The musician has to produce the movements, monitor those they have already made and the subsequent result, co-ordinate their hands, fingers, eyes, and perhaps throat and diaphragm. These achievements are of course the product of hundreds, even thousands of hours of practice - playing scales, studies, time and time again. But those hours of practice by no means guarantee that great musicianship will result. This technical prowess has to be combined with a range of other, perhaps, less tangible qualities.

This book explores the secrets of musical virtuosity. It presents a comprehensive account of music and motor cognition, examining the neural basis of music making - our understanding of which is just starting to be enhanced by brain imaging. It considers the effect on our brains of prolonged music making. It explores the motor processes across a range of instruments (vocal, string, wind, percussion) and within different performance situations. It also considers what happens when things start to go wrong - why motor problems occur in so many professional musicians in later life, and the possible therapies for such problems.

Music is a topic of considerable interest within the brain sciences. With contributions from leading psychologists, neuroscientists, and neurologists, this book makes a unique contribution to our understanding of music and the brain.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199298723
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 09/24/2006
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 344
Product dimensions: 9.50(w) x 6.70(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

After graduating in Medicine and Music Eckart Altenmüller held a postdoctoral position in the department of Clinical Neurophysiology in Freiburg where he carried out research into brain activation during auditory processing of music and learning of fine motor skills. He received his clinical training in Neurology at the Department of Neurology at the University of Tübingen (Head of the Department Prof. Dr. J. Dichgans). Since 1994 he is a chair and director of the Institute of Music Physiology and Musicians' Medicine. He continues research into movement disorders in musicians and into motor and sensory learning in musicians. In his outpatient clinic he sees 500 musicians a year, mostly suffering from movement disorders such as focal dystonia, focal tremor or from chronic pain syndromes. Currently 270 patients suffering from musicians' cramp are under his supervision. During the last ten years he received 20 grants from the German Research Society (DFG).

Table of Contents

Contributors     ix
Historical increases in expert music performance skills: optimizing instruments, playing techniques, and training   Andreas C. Lehmann     3
From cognition to action   Lutz Jancke     25
The nature of memory for music performance skills   Caroline Palmer     39
Musical synchronization   Bruno H. Repp     55
Movement analysis
Hand movements and musical performance   Thomas E. Jerde   Marco Santello   Martha Flanders   John F. Soechting     79
Movement analysis in pianists   Hans-Christian Jabusch     91
Fingering and bowing in violinists: a motor control approach   Mario Wiesendanger   Andreas Baader   Oleg Kazennikov     109
Movements and analysis of drumming   Sofia Dahl     125
Representation in the brain
Brain structures of musicians: executive functions and morphological implications   Gottfried Schlaug     141
The motor representation in pianists and string players   Lutz Jancke     153
Brain activation during piano playing   Marc Bangert     173
Brain activation during string playing   Arto Nirkko   Rumyana Kristeva     189
'Singing in the (b)rain': cerebral correlates of vocal music performance in humans   H. Ackermann   D. Wildgruber   A. Riecker     205
Sensory-motor networks in singing and speaking: a comparative approach   Reyna Leigh Gordon   Amelie Racette   Daniele Schon     223
The role of inhibition in the motor control of finger function   Christian Gerloff   Friedhelm Hummel     239
Apollo's curse-loss of motor control in musicians
The end of the song? Robert Schumann's focal dystonia   Eckart Altenmuller     251
Epidemiology, phenomenology, and therapy of musician's cramp   Hans-Christian Jabusch   Eckart Altenmuller     265
The neurophysiology of focal hand dystonia in musicians   Karin Rosenkranz     283
The development of focal dystonia in musicians as a consequence of maladaptive plasticity: implications for intervention   Nancy N. Byl   Alberto Priori     293
Music performance anxiety   Jurg Kesselring     309

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