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Interlink Publishing Group, Incorporated

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Mussolini and Fascism

On October 29, 1922, while the fascist squads marched through the streets of Rome, the king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, gave Benito Mussolini the mandate to form a new government. Many believed the fascist period in power would not last long. But the reality turned out quite differently. The march on Rome of the black shirts dealt a decisive blow to the fragile liberal democracy. The murder of Matteotti, the attempt to create a totalitarian state, the annihilation of the opposition, the alliance with Hitler, and the wars in Ethiopia and Spain were the most significant steps of the long journey of the Italian people through dictatorship. Ending with the disaster of the Second World War and the tragic finale of the Republic of Salo, it was an experience that would mark the history of the 20th century and throw its shadow across postwar Italy.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781566563406
Publisher: Interlink Publishing Group, Incorporated
Publication date: 08/01/2000
Series: Interlink Illustrated Histories Series
Pages: 157
Product dimensions: 5.20(w) x 7.50(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1The Rise to Power8
The Failure of the Liberal Oligarchy10
The History of Italy and the History of Fascism12
Mussolini from Socialism to Fascism14
Fascism Takes Over in the Countryside19
1921: Fascists in Parliament22
The Support of the Liberals24
From Naples to Rome, the Road to Government26
Mussolini from 1883 to 191415
II Popolo d'Italia20
October 1922: The March on Rome27
Chapter 2Mussolini in Government30
The Double Fascist State32
Education and Electoral Reforms36
1924: The Murder of Matteotti40
Toward Dictatorship43
The Militia: A Parallel Army34
Against Freedom of the Press37
Chapter 3The Fascist Regime46
The Authoritarian Police State48
In the World of Work52
The Countryside Offensive55
A State within the State57
The Accord with the Church59
The Powers of II Duce50
The Persecution of Antifascism53
From the Carta del Lavoro54
Chapter 4The Search for a Consensus62
The Collaboration of the Intellectuals65
Forms and Instruments of Mass Culture69
The "Third Way" and the Corporate State72
An Instrument of Propaganda77
Fascism Defines Itself67
The Foundations of the Corporate State74
Chapter 5Italy in Black Shirts80
Imperfect Totalitarianism82
A Silent Resistance85
The Many Faces of Antifascism89
1932: The New Statute of the PNF87
The Indifferent and the Antifascist91
Chapter 6Foreign Policy96
Destabilizing Europe98
The Conquest of Empire101
The Alliance with Germany106
The War in Spain109
The Attack on Ethiopia103
The War in Ethiopia104
The Forces of Fascism112
Chapter 7The Catastrophe of War114
Italy Enters the War116
The Illusion of a Brief War119
A Nation Suffers124
The Fall of Mussolini and the Armistice128
The Pact of Steel117
The Declaration of War120
The July 25 Announcement130
Chapter 8A Difficult Legacy134
The Italian Social Republic136
Resistance and Liberation139
The Missed Opportunity141
The Legacy and Shadow of Fascism145
An Unfinished Balance Sheet150
The Republic of Salo138
The End of Mussolini141
The Republican Constitution145
Index of Names156

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