Mutual Radicalization: How Groups and Nations Drive Each Other to Extremes

Mutual Radicalization: How Groups and Nations Drive Each Other to Extremes

by Fathali M. Moghaddam




Also by the author, Threat to Democracy: The Appeal of Authoritarianism in an Age of Uncertainty, a timely read for our current political environment, which was mentioned on NPR Marketplace Tech. 

Radicalization has become a serious global problem. Groups and nations are increasingly embroiled in escalating conflicts with one another that are defined by pathological hatred and ideological polarization, with devastating consequences including terrorism and war. Social psychologist Fathali M. Moghaddam calls this process mutual radicalization. In this groundbreaking book, he explores its causes and potential solutions.
Drawing from well‑established psychological principles, Moghaddam presents a dynamic, cyclical three‑stage model of mutual radicalization that explains how groups gather under extremist ideologies, establish rigid norms under authoritarian leadership, and develop antagonistic worldviews that exaggerate the threats posed by each other. This process leads to intensifying aggressive actions that can even reach the point of mutual destruction. Moghaddam applies his model to ten real‑world case studies of mutual radicalization that focus on three main areas: the conflict between Islamist radicals and extreme nationalists in the West; nations that are mired in longstanding hostilities, including North Korea and South Korea; and the increasingly toxic atmosphere in American politics. Moghaddam also offers practical solutions for achieving deradicalization and highlights historical successes, such as German reunification.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781433829239
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Publication date: 06/12/2018
Pages: 259
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Introduction: Radicalization and Conflict in Global Context 3

Chapter 1 A Dynamic Model of Mutual Radicalization 19

I Islamic Radicalization and the West 39

Chapter 2 Israel-Palestine 41

Chapter 3 Iran-United States 59

Chapter 4 United States-Islamic Jihad 75

Chapter 5 Extremist Nationalists and Islamic Jihadists in the European Union 93

II Nation-States in Transition 107

Chapter 6 China-Japan 109

Chapter 7 North Korea-South Korea 121

Chapter 8 Pakistan-India 135

III Mutual Radicalization in the United States 149

Chapter 9 Gridlockracy in U.S. Politics 151

Chapter 10 Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders, and Their Supporters 165

Chapter 11 The National Rifle Association and the Gun-Regulation Groups 183

IV Toward Solutions for Mutual Radicalization 199

Chapter 12 Solutions to Mutual Radicalization 201

References 217

Index 245

About the Author 259

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