ISBN-10:
0849300363
ISBN-13:
9780849300363
Pub. Date:
09/21/2001
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Myelopathy, Radiculopathy and Peripheral Entrapment Syndromes / Edition 1

Myelopathy, Radiculopathy and Peripheral Entrapment Syndromes / Edition 1

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780849300363
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 09/21/2001
Pages: 392
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.01(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction to Myelopathy and Spinal Cord Injury

SECTION 1 - MYELOPATHY: SPINAL CORD INJURY AND SELECTED CLINICAL SYNDROMES

1. RELEVANT SPINAL CORD ANATOMY
Basic Spinal Cord Anatomy
Segmental Spinal Anatomy
Meninges and Compartments
Spinal Vascular Anatomy
Cytoarchitectural Organization of Spinal Gray Matter
Relevant Spinal Cord Pathways
Relevant Spinal Cord Nuclei
Anatomy of Spinal-Mediated Myotatic Reflex

2. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY IN MYELOPATHY AND SPINAL CORD INJURY
Introduction to Pathophysiologic Mechanisms
Cellular, Ionic, and Biomolecular Mechanisms of Spinal Cord Injury
Stages of Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal Shock
Spinal Cord Edema
Ischemic Myelopathy
Myelomalacia
Cavitation and Gliosis
Spinal Cord Atrophy

3. PHYSICAL MECHANISMS OF SPINAL CORD INJURY
Spinal Cord Pathomechanics
Types of Spinal Cord Trauma
Vertebral Fracture, Dislocation, and Instability
Spinal Hemorrhage
Myelopathy and Disk Herniation

4. CONDITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH MYELOPATHY
Degeneration and Stenosis
Expansile Lesions
Arteriovenous Malformations
Noncompressive Myelopathy
Congenital Spinal Anomalies
Chiari Malformations
Klippel-Feil Syndromes
Scoliosis and Myelopathy

5. ASSESSMENT OF SPINAL CORD INJURY AND MYELOPATHY
Spasticity, Paresis, Clonus, and Hyperreflexia
Superficial Reflexes and Reflexes of Spinal Automatism
Sensory Abnormalities
Spinal Cord Injury Pain
Neurogenic Claudication
Sacral Sparing
Autonomic and Other System Considerations
Myelopathy and Associated Musculoskeletal Conditions
Electrodiagnostic Assessment
Diagnostic Imaging
Neurosonography
Computerized Tomography
Plain Film Radiography
Quantitative Considerations in Spinal Cord Imaging
Functional and Laboratory Assessment

6. SPINAL CORD SYNDROMES AND GUIDE TO NEUROLOGICAL LEVELS
Vascular Syndromes of the Spinal Cord
Complete Spinal Cord Transection (Transverse Myelopathy)
Central Cord Syndrome
Anterior Cord Syndrome
Posterior Cord Syndrome
Anterior Horn Syndromes (Progressive Muscular Atrophy)
Multifocal Cord Syndrome
Conus Medularis Syndrome
Hemisection Syndrome (Brown-Sequard Syndrome)
Cervical Medullary Syndrome
Guide to Neurological Levels

SECTION 2 - RADICULOPATHY

7. PATHOMECHANISMS OF RADICULOPATHY
Spinal Nerve Root Anatomy and Regional Characteristics
Biochemically Induced Radiculopathy
Spinal Degeneration and Radiculopathy
Fibrosis and Radiculopathy
Acquired Lateral Recess Stenosis and Vascular Stasis
Failed Back Surgery Syndrome
Trauma and Radiculopathy
Intervertebral Disk Herniation and Radiculopathy
Nerve Root Compromise: Expansile Lesions
Vertebral Osteomyelitis and Discitis
Noncompressive Radiculoneuronopathy

8. CLASSIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF RADICULOPATHY
Sensory Abnormalities
Nerve Root Irritability Signs
Reflex Abnormalities
Paresis
Muscular Atrophy
Dysautonomia and Trophic Changes
Combined Pain Syndromes: Radicular and Vertebrogenic Pain
Assessment of Radiculopathy
Cervical Monoradiculopathy Syndromes
Thoracic Monoradiculopathy Syndromes
Lumbar and Sacral Monoradiculopathy Syndromes
Cauda Equina Syndrome

SECTION 3 - PERIPHERAL NERVE ENTRAPMENT AND COMPRESSION NEUROPATHY

9. RELEVANT ANATOMY, PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, AND PREDISPOSING FACTORS FOR PERIPHERAL NERVE INJURY
General Organization of Peripheral Nerve Distribution
Cervical Plexus
Brachial Plexus
Lumbar Plexus
Lumbosacral Plexus
Autonomic Nervous System
Relevant Anatomy of the Peripheral Nerve
Peripheral Nerve Vascularity
Biomechanical Characteristics of Peripheral Nerves
Classification of Nerve Injuries
Peripheral Nerve Response to Injury
Nerve Compression and Related Pathomechanisms
Myotendinous, Myofascial, and Related Contributions to Entrapment
Common Predisposing Disorders Associated with Entrapment Neuropathy

10. CHARACTERISTIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ENTRAPMENT
Assessment of Entrapment Syndromes
Proximal Upper Extremity Entrapment
Median Nerve Entrapment Syndromes
Posterior Upper Extremity Syndromes
Ulnar Nerve Syndromes
Abdominal/Pelvic Entrapment Syndromes
Lower Extremity Entrapment Syndromes
Summary

APPENDIX
INDEX

Short TOC

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