“Highly recommended, both as a critically presented state-of-the-art discussion and as an account of how one’s personal/political history informs the process of scientific inquiry.”—Choice
This classic anthropological study debunks the many myths behind the idea of “natural” male superiority. Drawing on extensive historical and cross-cultural research, Eleanor Burke Leacock shows that claims of male superiority are based on carefully constructed myths with no factual historical basis. She also documents numerous historical examples of egalitarian gender relations.
Eleanor Burke Leacock (1922–1987) was well-known for her ethnographic work among primitive societies, and her research is still a formative influence among feminist anthropologists.
Eleanor Burke Leacock (1922-1987) was well known for her ethnographic work among primitive societies, and her research is still a formative influence among feminist anthropologists.
Table of Contents
Preface 1 Introduction: Engels and the History of Women's Oppression 13 Women in an Egalitarian Society: The Montagnais-Naskapi of Canada The Montagnais-Naskapi 33 Status Among the Montagnais-Naskapi of Labrador 39 Montagnais Women and the Jesuit Program for Colonization 43 Matrilocality Among the Montagnais-Naskapi 63 Social Evolution: From Egalitarianism to Oppression Introduction to Lewis Henry Morgan, Ancient Society, Parts I, II, III, IV 85 Women's Status in Egalitarian Society: Implications for Social Evolution 133 Review of Evelyn Reed, Women's Evolution 183 Myths of Male Dominance: Discussion and Debate Society and Gender 197 Review of Margaret Mead, Male and Female 205 Structuralism and Dialectics 209 The Changing Family and Levi-Strauss, or Whatever Happened to Fathers? 222 Ideologies of Sex: Archetypes and Stereotypes Eleanor Leacock and June Nash 242 Review of Steven Goldberg, The Inevitability of Patriarchy Eleanor Leacock and Steven Goldberg 264 Social Behavior, Biology, and the Double Standard 280 Conclusion: Politics and the Ideology of Male Dominance Political Ramifications of Engels' Argument on Women's Subjugation 305 Women, Development, and Anthropological Facts and Fiction 310 Bibliography 317 Index 335