Nanoanalytics: Nanoobjects and Nanotechnologies in Analytical Chemistry

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783110540062
Publisher: De Gruyter
Publication date: 03/19/2018
Pages: 463
Product dimensions: 6.69(w) x 9.45(h) x (d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Prof. Sergei Shtykov, Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia.

Table of Contents

Preface v

List of contributing authors xv

Part I Nanoanalytics: Concepts, Elements, and Peculiarities

1 Nanoanalytics: Definitions, Classification, History, and Primary Advances S. N. Shtykov 3

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 Brief historical overview 7

1.3 The concept of nanoanalytics 11

1.4 Nanoobjects as tools for nanoanalytics 13

1.4.1 Definition, classification, and fundamental properties of nanoobjects 13

1.4.2 Liquid nanoobjects 15

1.4.3 Solid nanoobjects (nanomaterials) 22

1.5 Nanotechnologies as tools for nanoanalytics 27

1.6 Nanoanalysis and nanometrology 31

1.6.1 Definitions and elements 31

1.6.2 Analysis of chemical composition of nanoobjects 32

1.6.3 Imaging of bioobjects and theranostics 36

1.6.4 Nanometrology in nanoanalytics 37

1.7 Conclusions 40

References 42

Part II Application in Spectrometric Methods

2 Gold Nanoparticles in Bioanalytical Techniques L. A. Dykman N. G. Khlebtsov S. Y. Shchyogolev 55

2.1 Introduction 55

2.2 Homophase techniques 58

2.3 Dot blot immunoassay 60

2.4 Immunocbromatographic assays 64

2.5 Plasmonic biosensors 66

2.6 Conclusions 70

References 71

3 Extinction and Emission of Nanoparticles for Application in Rapid Immunotests I. Y. Goryacheva 87

3.1 Introduction 87

3.2 Extinction of nanoparticles 88

3.2.1 Colloidal gold 88

3.2.2 Colloidal carbon 91

3.2.3 "Colloidal" dyes 92

3.3 Emission of nanoparticles 92

3.3.1 Fluorescence dyes 93

3.3.2 Lanthanide chelates 94

3.3.3 Quantum dots 94

3.3.4 Nanoparticles with infrared luminescence 96

3.3.5 Up converting phosphors 97

3.3.6 Nanoparticles with long-lived luminescence 98

3.4 Conclusions 99

References 99

4 Nanofilms as Sensitive Layers of Chemical and Biochemical Sensors T. Yu. Rusanova 107

4.1 Introduction 107

4.2 Nanofilm types and techniques of their preparation 108

4.2.1 Self-assembled monolayers 108

4.2.2 LbL technique 110

4.2.3 LB films 112

4.3 Nanofilms' sensor application 113

4.3.1 SAM 113

4.3.2 LbL technique 114

4.3.3 LB films 117

4.4 Conclusions 121

References 121

5 Energy Transfer in Liquid and Solid Nanoobjects: Application In Luminescent Analysis T. D. Smirnova S. N. Shtykov E. A. Zhelobitskaya 131

5.1 Introduction 131

5.2 Nanoobjects involved in ET 133

5.3 Application of FRET in analysis 135

5.3.1 FRET in micellar solutions 135

5.3.2 FRET with protein participation 136

5.3.3 FRET with nanomaterials' participation 136

5.3.3.1 Quantum dots 136

5.3.3.2 Nanoparticles based on Au, Ag, Au-Ag, and graphene 140

5.4 The lanthanide chelates' ET application 146

5.4.1 Liquid micellar nanosystems 146

5.4.2 ET in binuclear complexes of heteronanoparticles 152

5.5 Conclusions 153

References 154

Part III Application in Electroanalysis

6 Nanomaterials: Electrochemical Properties and Application in Sensors Kh. Brainina N. Stozhko M. Bukharinova E. Vikulova 165

6.1 Introduction 165

6.2 Properties of nanoparticles 166

6.3 Theoretical and experimental approaches to nanoscale material study 167

6.4 Macro- to micro- and to nanoscale transition 171

6.5 Nanostructures in chemical monitoring 177

6.5.1 Nanomaterials as transducers and catalysts in electrochemical sensors 177

6.5.2 Nanomaterials in electrochemical sensors for antioxidant detection 189

6.5.3 Nanomaterials in electrochemical immunoassay 196

6.5.4 Nanomaterials - transducers and adsorbents in electrochemical immunosensors 196

6.5.5 Nanomaterials as analyte transporters 201

6.5.6 Nanomaterials as labels in electrochemical immunosensors 202

6.6 Conclusions 206

References 207

7 Carbon Nanomaterials and Surfactants as Electrode Surface Modifiers in Organic Electroanalysis G. Ziyatdinova H. Budnikov 223

7.1 Introduction 223

7.2 Carbon nanomaterial-based electrodes 224

7.2.1 Graphene 224

7.2.2 Fullerenes 228

7.2.3 Carbon nanotubes 229

7.3 Surfactant-modified electrodes for the organic electroanalysis 232

7.4 Analytical possibilities of the electrodes with co-immobilized carbon nanomaterials and surfactants 238

7.5 Conclusions 242

References 243

8 Nanomaterials in the Assembly of Electrochemical DMA Sensors G. Evtugyn A. Porfireva H. Budnikov T. Hianik 253

8.1 Introduction 253

8.2 DNA sensors: Recognition elements and signal transduction 255

8.2.1 Biochemical elements applied in the DNA sensors assemblies 255

8.2.2 Measurement of the signal of electrochemical DNA sensors 258

8.3 DNA sensors based on metal nanoparticles 262

8.3.1 Au nanoparticles 262

8.3.2 Other metal nanoparticles 269

8.4 DNA sensors based on carbonaceous materials 271

8.4.1 Carbon nanotubes 271

8.4.2 Graphene-based DNA sensors 281

8.5 Conclusions 288

References 289

Part IV Application in Sorption and Separation Methods

9 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Application in Analysis of Real Samples S. G. Dmitrienko V. V. Apyari 303

9.1 Introduction 303

9.2 The principle of molecular imprinting 304

9.2.1 Covalent and noncovalent approach 304

9.2.2 Selecting the template and the reagents 306

9.3 Methods for synthesis of MIPs 308

9.3.1 Radical bulk polymerization 308

9.3.2 Synthesis of spherical microparticles 309

9.3.3 Synthesis of nanoscale imprinted materials 312

9.3.4 Other methods 314

9.4 Sorption properties of MIPs and selectivity of processes with their participation 315

9.5 Application in the analysis of real samples 320

9.6 Conclusions 326

References 328

10 Sorbents Based on Carbon Nanotubes S. Grazhulene A. Red'kin 343

10.1 Introduction 343

10.2 Synthesis, properties of CNTs, and methods of their study 344

10.2.1 History of CNTs 344

10.2.2 Synthesis, functionalization, and characterization of CNTs

10.2.2.1 Methods of synthesis 346

10.2.2.2 Modification and functionalization 350

10.2.2.3 Methods of characterization 353

10.3 Sorption properties of CNTs 356

10.3.1 Sorption of metals from aqueous solutions 356

10.3.2 Sorption of organic substances 362

10.3.3 Comparison of CNTs with other sorbents 364

10.4 CNTs for chemical analysis 366

10.4.1 Concentration and determination of metals 366

10.4.2 On-line preconcentration and speciation analysis 368

10.4.3 Piezosensors 369

10.4.4 Other applications of CNTs 372

10.5 Conclusions 375

References 378

11 Application of Microemulsions for Extraction and Preconcentration of Hydrophobic Target Compounds A. V. Pirogov 389

11.1 Introduction 389

11.2 Microemulsions: structure and classification 389

11.3 Preparation and decomposition of microemulsions 393

11.4 Application of micellar and microemulsion media for extraction of target compounds 396

11.4.1 Extraction and preconcentration of organic substances 396

11.4.2 Extraction and preconcentration of metals 398

11.4.3 Extraction and preconcentration of PAHs 402

11.5 Conclusions 405

References 406

12 Surfactant Micelles in Liquid Chromatography E. G. Sumina 411

12.1 Introduction 411

12.2 General characteristics of the method 413

12.3 Features of mobile and stationary phases in MLC 415

12.3.1 Mobile phases 415

12.3.2 Stationary phases 420

12.4 Retention models in MLC 423

12.5 Application of MLC in analysis 427

12.6 Conclusions 434

References 435

Index 442

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