Nanophase Materials is the first and, as yet, the only comprehensive book published in this new and exciting area of materials science. It gives a broad overview of the revolutionary new field of nanophase materials; a view which spans the materials, physics, and chemistry research communities at a tutorial level that is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and experts or would-be experts in the science of nanostructured materials. The articles are authored by many of the world's most prominent scientists in this field. The book covers the diverse methods for synthesizing nanophase materials, a variety of subsequent processing methodologies, what is known about the structures of these materials on various length scales from atomic to macroscopic, and the properties of these unique and novel materials. The materials properties covered are mechanical, electronic, optical, and magnetic and hence span a wide range of important new opportunities for technological applications.
|Series:||Nato Science Series E: (closed) , #260|
|Product dimensions:||9.21(w) x 6.14(h) x 1.75(d)|
Table of Contents
Synthesis.- Chemical Synthesis of Nanophase Materials.- Preparation ofFe2O3 Particles.- Synthesis of III-V Semiconductor Particles from Organometallic Precursors.- Synthesis of Nanostructured Catalysts and Catalytic Supports.- Formation of Magnetic Spinel Iron Oxide in Solution.- Synthesis of Nanoscale Iron Oxide Structures Using Protein Cages and Polysaccharide Networks.- Gas Evaporation and Electron Microscopical Observation of Small Particles.- Nanoparticles from a Supersaturated Vapor.- Formation and Phase Analysis of Surface Oxides on Ultrafine Particles of Fe.- YxZr1-xO2-x/2 Nanophase Powders Prepared by a Vaporization/Condensation Process in a Solar Furnace.- Synthesis and Characterization of Iron-Magnesium Bimetallic Particles.- Nanometric Si-Based Powders by Laser Driven Gas Phase Reactions.- Simulations of Aggregating Particles.- Spark Erosion for Production of Nanocrystalline Materials.- Aerosol Spray Pyrolysis Synthesis Techniques.- Nanometric Si/C/N Composite Powders Formed by Aerosol-Laser Interaction.- Preparation of Small Particles of Titanium (IV) Oxide.- Nanophase Materials by Mechanical Attrition: Synthesis and Characterization.- High-Capacity High-Energy Ball Mill for Nanophase Materials.- Ball Velocities and Energy Needs in a Mill Designed for the Synthesis of Nanophase Materials.- Production of Nanocrystalline Materials Through the Mechanical Crystallization of Amorphous Precursors.- Characterization.- Structure of Nanostructured Materials.- High Resolution Microscopy Characterization of Nanostructured Materials.- Surface Structure of Nanocrystalline Oxides.- STM “Tip Changes” — A Possible Tool for Tip Characterization.- The Structural Evolution of Nanocrystalline Thin Films of Germanium.- Fabrication and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Nanostructured Semiconductor Thin Films and Particles.- Optical Characterization of Fractal Aggregate Size and Morphology Parameters.- Studies of Oxide Reduction and Gas Adsorption by Using Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy.- Mechanical Properties.- Mechanical Properties of Nanophase Materials.- Nanostructured Ceramics: Microstructure and Properties.- Grain Boundary Structure and Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystalline Materials.- Microstructure in Nanocrystalline Zirconia Powders and Sintered Compacts.- Mechanical Properties of Nanostructure Niobium on a Microscopic Scale.- Mechanical Properties of Artificially Multilayered and Granular Metal Thin Films.- Elastic Properties of Metallic Multilayers.- Molecular Dynamics of Nanophase Intermetallies.- Electronic Structure and Total Energy of Crystalline Approximants to Quasicrystalline Al-Cu-Fe Alloys.- Melting In Restricted Geometries.- Thermodynamics of Finite Systems.- Electronic and Transport Properties.- Electronic Properties of Metal Cluster Compounds: Nanophase Materials from Chemical Synthesis.- Electronic and Structural Properties of Caged Metal Clusters.- Electronic Transport in Granular Metal Films.- Superconductivity in Nanophase Materials.- Morphology and Transport Properties of Nanophases in Semiconductor Multilayer Films.- Anisotropic Electron Transport in Metallic Multilayers.- Electronic Transport in Nanocrystalline Metals: A Study of Electrodeposited Nickel Foils.- Optical Properties.- Electronic and Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystals: From Molecules to Bulk Crystals.- Optical Properties of Granular Solids.- Se EXAFS Study of the Elevated Wurtzite to Rock Salt Structural Phase Transition in CdSe Nanocrystals.- Raman Diagnostics of Silicon and Carbon Nanoparticles.- Optical and Related Properties of Semiconductors: Bulk and Small Particles.- Nanometer Sized Particles of PbI2 Layered Semiconductors, Embedded in SiO2 Films: Quantum Size Effect and Photodecomposition Processes.- Photonic Band Gap Materials.- Magnetic Properties.- Surface Magnetism of Nanometer Particles.- Nanostructural Design of Magneto-Optic Films and Multilayers.- Giant Magneto-Transport Properties in Granular Magnetic Systems.- Two-Dimensional Patterns of Ni Particles — Preparation and Magnetic Measurements.- Magnetism in Ultrafine Fe and Co Particles.- Magnetism of Surface-Treated Particles.- Amorphous Magnetic Particles.- Properties of Co/B Fine Particles Made by the Microemulsion Technique.- Magnetic and Optical Properties ofFe2O3 Nanocrystals.- Size Effects on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ultrafine Fe-Pd Particles.- Nanostructured Magnetic Materials: Size and Interaction Effects on Magnetic Properties of Fine Particles.- Magnetic Relaxation in Interacting Small Iron Particles.- Activation Volumes and Magnetization Reversal in Fine Particles.- Rotational Hysteresis in Small Magnetic Particles.- Nanostructured Hard Magnetic Alloys Processed by Melt Spinning Techniques.- Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling in Ferro- and Antiferromagnetic Nanoscale Particles.- Singular Point Detection of Nanostructured Magnets.- Anisotropy Field and Interparticle Interactions Determined by Fourier Analysis of Magnetization Curves of Small Particles.- Magnetism of Soft Nanocrystalline Materials.- Microstructure and Soft Magnetic Properties of Ultrafine Grain Iron-Based Ribbons.- Nanocrystalline Materials from Crystallization of Fe80B20 Amorphous Alloy.- Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline Fe-Cr- Based Metallic Glasses.- Applications.- Biological Applications.- Pillared Clays.- Catalysis and Surface Chemistry: Metal Clusters/Nanoscale Particles.- Synthesis and Catalytic Properties of Metal and Semiconductor Nanoclusters.- Nanocrystalline Cerium Oxide Catalytic Materials.- Iron Oxide on Magnesium Oxide Support as a New Destructive Adsorbent for Chlorinated Hydrocarbons.- Comparison of Nanoscale Calcium Oxide versus Commercial Calcium Oxide with Respect to Decomposition of Carbon Tetrachloride.- Destructive Adsorption of Chlorinated Benzene on Ultrafine (Nanoscale) Particles of Magnesium Oxide and Calcium Oxide.- Nanoscale Magnesium Oxide Used to Adsorb SO2 and CO2.- Author Index.