Naoroji: Pioneer of Indian Nationalism

Naoroji: Pioneer of Indian Nationalism

by Dinyar Patel
Naoroji: Pioneer of Indian Nationalism

Naoroji: Pioneer of Indian Nationalism

by Dinyar Patel


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Winner of the 2021 Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay–NIF Book Prize

The definitive biography of Dadabhai Naoroji, the nineteenth-century activist who founded the Indian National Congress, was the first British MP of Indian origin, and inspired Gandhi and Nehru.

Mahatma Gandhi called Dadabhai Naoroji the “father of the nation,” a title that today is reserved for Gandhi himself. Dinyar Patel examines the extraordinary life of this foundational figure in India’s modern political history, a devastating critic of British colonialism who served in Parliament as the first-ever Indian MP, forged ties with anti-imperialists around the world, and established self-rule or swaraj as India’s objective.

Naoroji’s political career evolved in three distinct phases. He began as the activist who formulated the “drain of wealth” theory, which held the British Raj responsible for India’s crippling poverty and devastating famines. His ideas upended conventional wisdom holding that colonialism was beneficial for Indian subjects and put a generation of imperial officials on the defensive. Next, he attempted to influence the British Parliament to institute political reforms. He immersed himself in British politics, forging links with socialists, Irish home rulers, suffragists, and critics of empire. With these allies, Naoroji clinched his landmark election to the House of Commons in 1892, an event noticed by colonial subjects around the world. Finally, in his twilight years he grew disillusioned with parliamentary politics and became more radical. He strengthened his ties with British and European socialists, reached out to American anti-imperialists and Progressives, and fully enunciated his demand for swaraj. Only self-rule, he declared, could remedy the economic ills brought about by British control in India.

Naoroji is the first comprehensive study of the most significant Indian nationalist leader before Gandhi.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674238206
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 05/12/2020
Pages: 368
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Dinyar Patel is Assistant Professor of History at the S. P. Jain Institute of Management and Research in Mumbai. He is also an Associate at the Lakshmi Mittal and Family South Asia Institute at Harvard University.

Table of Contents

A Note on Terminology and Style ix

Introduction 1

1 Young Dadabhai, Young Bombay 13

2 Of Poverty and Princes 46

3 Turning toward Westminster 87

4 An Indian Emissary in the Heart of Empire 123

5 The Central Finsbury Campaign 160

6 Member for India 190

7 Swaraj 220

Conclusion 255

Timeline 271

Key Individuals 279

A Note on Sources 291

Abbreviations 297

Notes 299

Acknowledgments 337

Index 343

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