This book provides an insight on the extraction and application techniques of natural gas. Natural gashas customarily been used as a fuel for space heating and as a feedstock for chemical production. The recent developments in hydraulic fracturing, exploration and drilling procedures have made natural gas available. As it replaces petroleum usage in several areas, a small amount of disruption is likely to happen. In such an unstable situation, this book presents the state-of-the-art techniques in different areas of natural gas like exploration, drilling, gas processing, storage, distribution, end use and the impact on financial markets. The book includes reviews and researches that have been contributed by leading authorities from around the world. Also, modeling approaches and current advances in some natural gas technologies have been elucidated within this book.