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Natural Resource Conservation: Management for a Sustainable Future / Edition 9

Natural Resource Conservation: Management for a Sustainable Future / Edition 9

by Daniel D. Chiras, Daniel D. Chiras

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ISBN-10: 0131458329

ISBN-13: 9780131458321

Pub. Date: 09/23/2004

Publisher: Prentice Hall

Written from a sustainable perspective, this readable, yet rigorous, book provides comprehensive coverage of a variety of local, regional, national, and global resource and environmental issues from population growth to wetlands to agriculture to global air pollution. It emphasizes practical, cost-effective, sustainable solutions to these problems that make sense


Written from a sustainable perspective, this readable, yet rigorous, book provides comprehensive coverage of a variety of local, regional, national, and global resource and environmental issues from population growth to wetlands to agriculture to global air pollution. It emphasizes practical, cost-effective, sustainable solutions to these problems that make sense from social, economic, and environmental perspectives. Overall increased emphasis on international and global issues (includes many examples from Canada). New information on Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing—integrated GIS Remote Sensing boxed information appears throughout, including 12 case studies. Expanded coverage of ecosystem management and watershed management, global climate change, ozone depletion, wetlands protection, and policy—including new international treaties, new federal laws, and more. The friendly, approachable writing style makes the book accessible to a wide range of readers—from those who want an introduction in natural resource conservation and natural resource management to professionals in this field.

Product Details

Prentice Hall
Publication date:
Edition description:
Product dimensions:
8.60(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

1.Natural Resource Conservation and Management: Past, Present, and Future1
1.1A Crisis on Planet Earth?1
1.2Differing Viewpoints: Are We on a Sustainable Course3
1.3A Brief History of the Resource Conservation, Environmental, and Sustainability Movements6
Case Study 1.1The Earth Summit and Beyond10
1.4Classification of Natural Resources12
1.5Approaches to Natural Resource Management12
1.6Changing Realities: The Nemesis Effect15
1.7New Tools for Resource Management: Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing16
2.Economics and Ethics, and Critical Thinking: Tools for Creating a Sustainable Future22
Ethics in Resource Conservation 2.1 Ethics Versus Economics23
2.1Understanding Economics24
2.2Creating a Sustainable Economy28
2.3Toward Sustainable Ethics35
Case Study 2.1Geographic Information Systems and Ecological Justice38
2.4Critical Thinking and Sustainable Development38
3.Lessons from Ecology45
3.1Levels of Organization45
3.2Scientific Principles Relevant to Ecology47
3.3The Flow of Energy through Ecosystems50
3.4Principles of Ecology62
3.5The Biomes67
Case Study 3.1Life Returns to Mount St. Helens: A Dramatic Example of Succession68
3.6Ecology and Sustainability74
4.The Human Population Challenge78
4.1Understanding Populations and Population Growth79
4.2The Impacts of Over Population85
4.3Population Growth in the More Developed Nations: A Closer Look87
Ethics in Resource Conservation 4.1 Is Reproduction A Personal Right?88
4.4Population Growth in the Less Developed Nations: A Closer Look89
4.5Controlling the Growth of the World's Population89
4.6Human Population and the Earth's Carrying Capacity92
Case Study 4.1China: One of Family Plannings Success Stories?94
5.World Hunger: Solving the Problem Sustainably97
5.1World Hunger: Dimensions of the Problem97
5.2Increasing Food Supplies Sustainably: An Overview100
Ethics In Resource Conservation 5.1 Feeding People or Controlling Population Growth101
5.3Poverty Conflict and Free Trade: Vital Strategies Needed to Feed the Worlds People111
6.The Nature of Soils115
6.1Value of Soil115
6.2Characteristics of Soil115
6.3Soil Formation122
6.4The Soil Profile125
6.5Soil Classification127
7.Soil Conservation and Sustainable Agriculture134
7.1The Nature of Soil Erosion134
7.2The Dust Bowl135
7.3The Shelterbelt Program138
7.4Soil Erosion Today139
7.5Factors Affecting the Rate of Soil Erosion by Water140
7.6Controlling Soil Erosion by Water142
Case Study 7.1A 100-Year Study of the Effects of Cropping on Soil Erosion143
A Closer Look 7.2The Universal Soil Loss Equation147
7.7Alternative Agriculture150
7.8Sustainable Agriculture153
GIS and Remote Sensing GIS, Remote Sensing, and Precision Farming157
8.Pesticides: Protecting Our Crops, Our Health, and Our Environment161
8.1Where Do Pests Come From?161
8.2Types of Chemical Pesticides: An Historical Perspective164
8.3How Effective Are Pesticides?165
8.4How Hazardous Are Pesticides?168
8.5Sustainable Pest Control172
GIS and Remote Sensing Using Satellite Remote Sensing to Detect Pest Damage in Oregon's Forests173
Case Study 8.1Tsetse Flies Brought Under Control in Zanzibar178
8.6Are Pesticides Adequately Regulated?181
9.Aquatic Environments186
9.2The Lake Ecosystem194
9.3The Stream Ecosystem197
9.4The Coastal Environment200
9.5The Ocean211
10.Managing Resource Sustainability Waters219
10.1The Water Cycle221
10.2Flooding: Problems and Solutions225
Case Study 10.1The Great Mississippi Flood of 1993228
GIS and Remote Sensing GIS Aids Snow Monitoring and Modeling at the National Weather Service230
10.3Water Shortages: Issues and Solutions235
10.4Irrigation: Issues and Solutions240
11.Water Pollution249
11.1Types of Water Pollution249
11.2Major Pollutants and Their Control251
Case Study 11.1The Zebra Mussel: A Water Contaminant From Europe264
11.3Sewage Treatment and Disposal273
Case Study 11.2Invisible Threat: Toxic Chemicals in The Great Lakes276
11.4Legislating Water Pollution Control283
11.5Pollution of Oceans285
11.6A World View of Water Pollution294
12.Fisheries Conservation299
12.1Freshwater Fisheries300
12.2Environmental Limitations to the Reproductive Potential of Freshwater Fish301
Case Study 12.1The Sea Lamprey Scourge of The Great Lakes308
12.3Sustainable Freshwater Fisheries Management311
Case Study 12.2Rebuilding Fish and Wildlife Populations on the Columbia River Drainage System313
A Closer Look 12.3Salmon Fever in The Great Lakes317
12.4Marine Fisheries323
12.5Problems Facing the Marine Fisheries Industry325
12.6Sustainable Marine Fisheries Management329
13.Rangeland Management341
13.1Ecology of Rangelands341
A Closer Look 13.1Prairie Restoration and the National Grasslands Story342
13.2Brief History of Range Use in the United States347
A Closer Look 13.2Causes of Desertification349
13.3Rangeland Resources and Condition351
A Closer Look 13.3Range Wars: Ranche Versus Environmentalists354
13.4Range Management356
Case Study 13.4Methods of Coyote Control363
14.Forest Management366
14.1Forest Ownership367
14.2The U.S. Forest Service367
14.3Harvesting Trees371
A Closer Look 14.1The Monoculture Controversy372
A Closer Look 14.2Genetic Engineering: The Key to Tomorrow's Superforests378
14.5Control of Forest Pests379
14.6Fire Management382
A Closer Look 14.3Controlling Insect Outbreaks with Heterotypes383
14.7Meeting Future Timber Demands385
14.8Preserving Wilderness386
A Closer Look 14.4Forest Conservation by Efficient Utilization387
14.9Protecting Natural Resources: National Parks388
A Closer Look 14.5The Wilderness Controversy389
14.10Reversing Tropical Deforestation393
15.Plant and Animal Extinction400
15.1Extinction: Eroding the Earth's Biological Diversity401
15.2Understanding Population Dynamics402
15.3Causes of Extinction406
Case Study 15.1Dam Versus Darter: A Classic Confrontation408
Case Study 15.2The Passenger Pigeon: The Many Causes of Extinction409
GIS Remote Sensing Mapping Noxious Weeds With GIS413
Ethics in Resource Management 15.3 Do Other Species have a Right to Exist?414
15.4Methods of Preventing Extinction417
15.5The Endangered Species Act420
16.Wildlife Management426
16.2Types of Animal Movements430
16.3Mortality Factors430
A Closer Look 16.1The Hunting Controversy435
16.4Wildlife Management437
16.5Regulating Populations443
Case Study 16.2The Everglades: Water Troubles in A Wildlife Paradise446
Ethics in Resource Conservation 16.3 To Kill or Not to Kill448
16.6Nongame Wildlife451
17.Sustainable Waste Management454
17.1Municipal Waste: Tapping a Wasted Resource454
17.2Managing Our Municipal Solid Wastes Sustainably456
Ethics in Resource Conservation 17.1 Do We Have an Obligation to Future Generations?457
17.3Waste Disposal: The Final Option462
17.4Hazardous Wastes464
Case Study 17.2The Chemical Time Bomb at Love Canal465
Case Study 17.3Exportin Toxic Troubles472
18.Air Pollution476
18.1Pollution of the Atmosphere477
18.2Major Atmospheric Pollutants478
A Closer Look 18.1The Clean Air Act480
18.3Factors Affecting Air Pollution Concentrations483
18.4Effects of Air Pollution on Local Climate485
18.5Effects of Air Pollution on Human Health486
Case Study 18.1Asbestos: The Dangers of a Useful Product489
18.6Air Pollution Abatement and Control491
Case Study 18.2Getting Charged Up Over Electric Cars498
18.7Indoor Air Pollution499
Case Study 18.3Tobacco Smoke: The Deadliest Air Pollutant500
19.Air Pollution: Global Problems506
19.1Global Climate Change506
19.2Acid Deposition512
GIS and Remote Sensing GIS Aids Emergency Response and Survival Strategies in Bangladesh513
19.3Depletion of Stratospheric Ozone522
Ethics in Resource Conservation 19.1 Debate Over Global Warming and Ozone Depletion: Do We Have an Obligation to Other Countries?528
20.Minerals, Mining, and a Sustainable Society531
20.1Supply and Demand532
20.2Can We Expand Our Mineral Supplies?535
20.3Mineral Conservation Strategies537
20.4Environmental Impacts of Mineral Production539
21.Nonrenewable Energy Resources: Issues and Options544
21.1Global Energy Sources: An Overview545
21.2A Closer Look at Nonrenewable Energy Resources546
21.3The Nuclear Energy Option: Is It Sustainable?556
21.4Fusion Reactors569
21.5America's Energy Future572
22.Creating a Sustainable System of Energy: Efficiency and Renewable Energy576
22.2Renewable Energy Strategies581
Illustration Acknowledgments618

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