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In the late 1920s, an elderly Navaho leader, anxious to preserve the myths of his people before they were lost in the tide of modern civilization, asked Aileen O'Bryan to record the tales he told her and to publish them in a book. The storyteller was Sandoval, Hastin Tlo'tsi hee (or Old Man Buffalo Grass), the first of the four chiefs of the Navaho People. Ms. O'Bryan, then living in Mesa Verde National Park, wrote down the old man's stories — as well as many chants — for the most part just as he told them. This book is the result — a unique compilation of authentic age-old Navaho origin and creation myth, from which many Navaho tribal ceremonies eventually evolved. Besides their value as mythologic literature, these tales are also intriguing for their revelation of Navaho knowledge of climatic and astronomical phenomena: seasonal changes, the equinox, the moon's effect on the earth and tides and more.
Among the myths retold here are: The Creation of the Sun and Moon, The People of the Stone Houses, The Making of the Headdress, The Maiden who Became a Bear, The White Bead Maiden's Marriage with the Sun, The Story of the Rain Ceremony and Its Hogan, The Story of the Two Boys and the Coming of the Horses, The Story of the Navaho and the Apache Peoples, and many others. Over 20 illustrations enhance the text, which will be welcomed by students of Native American culture, anthropologists, folklorists, and anyone intrigued by the myths evolved by the earth's peoples to give meaning to the world and their lives.
Table of ContentsPreface
The Creation or Age of Beginning
The First World
The Second World
The Third World
The Fourth World
The Fifth World
"The Order of Things, or the Age of Animal Heores"
The First Hogan
The Creation of the Sun and Moon
The Twelve Months of the Year
The Sun's Path
The Sky and the Earth
The Mountains Sacred to the Dîné
The Coming of Death and Life
Old Age and Illness
"The Plan, or Order of Things"
"The Age of the Gods, or the Story of the Twins"
The People of the Stone Houses
The Stick Race
The Mountains Appear
When the Coyote Married the Maiden
The Maiden who Became a Bear
"The Story of Noqoil pi, the Great Gambler"
"The First Game, that of the Seven Sticks"
"The Second Game, that of the Rolling Ring"
"The Third Game, that of the Stick the Shape of the Rainbow"
"The Fourth Game, that of Hitting the Ball"
"The Fifth, the Guessing Game"
"The Sixth Game, the Kicked Stick"
"The Seventh, the Game of the Planted Sticks"
"The Eighth Game, the Foot Race"
The Story of the Moccasin Game
The Story of the Coming of the White Bead Woman
The White Bead Maiden's Marriage with the Sun
The Story of the Twin Brothers
The Story of the Twins and the Giant Yeitso
"The Story of the Twins and Teel get, the Giant Elk"
"The Story of the Elder Brother and Tse na' hale, the Giant Birds"
"The Story of Tse' naga' hai, the Rolling rock"
"The Story of Tsadidahalt' a li, the Twelve Antelope"
"The Story of Tse' tahotsilta'li, He-Who-Kicks-People-Off-Cliffs"
"The Story of Loka' adi kisi, the Slashing Reeds"
"The Story of the Beautiful, Dangerous Young Woman"
"The Story of the Last Great Grief, the Swallow People of Mesa Verde"
"The Story of Tse' yeinte' li, the Rocks that Crush"
"The Story of Nayie a' anyie, or the Evil Eyes"
the Story of the Four Last Ills
The Wanderings or Age of the Patriarchs
Introduction: Sandoval's prayer
The Origin of the Dîné
The First Clans of the Dîné
The Making of the Headdress
The Story of the Water Buffalo's Kingdom
"The Naming of the Brothers, and Their Departure"
The Departure of the First Four Holy Ones
The Departure of the Holy Beings
The Departure of the White Bead Woman
The Story of the Clan Called Tqo yah ha' tline
The Story of the Rain Ceremony and Its Hogan
The Two Who Returned
Two Clans Related to the Clan Tqo yah ha' tline
The Story of the Pictograph of the Coil
The Story of the Mountain Chant and the Fire Dance
The Story of the Flint Knife Boys and the Great Warrior of Aztec
The Journey of the Elder Brother
The Story of the Younger Sister
"The Story of the Mountain Top Chant, or the Story of the Maiden and the Bear"
The Story of the Summer Dance
"The Story of San' hode' di' begaeye, the Beggar's Son"
The Story of the Two Maidens and the White Butterfly
The Story of San' hode' di's Medicine
The Story of the Dîné
The Story of the Two Boys and the Coming of the Horses
The Story of the Navaho and the Apache Peoples