Nazi Policy on the Eastern Front, 1941: Total War, Genocide, and Radicalization

Nazi Policy on the Eastern Front, 1941: Total War, Genocide, and Radicalization


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Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 and events on the Eastern Front that same year were pivotal to the history of World War II. It was during this year that the radicalization of Nazi policy-through both an all-encompassing approach to warfare and the application of genocidal practices-became most obvious. Germany's military aggression and overtly ideological conduct, culminating in genocide against Soviet Jewry and the decimation of the Soviet population through planned starvation and brutal anti-partisan policies, distinguished Operation Barbarossa-the code name for the German invasion of the Soviet Union-from all previous military campaigns in modern European history. This collection of essays, written by young scholars of seven different nationalities, provides readers with the most current interpretations of Germany's military, economic, racial, and diplomatic policies in 1941. In its breadth and depth and its thematic focus on total war, genocide, and radicalization, this volume fills a considerable gap in English-language literature on Germany's war of annihilation against the Soviet Union and the radicalization of World War II during this critical year. Alex J. Kay is the author of Exploitation, Resettlement, Mass Murder: Political and Economic Planning for German Occupation Policy in the Soviet Union, 1940-1941 and is an independent contractor for the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Research on War Consequences. Jeff Rutherford is Assistant Professor of History at Wheeling Jesuit University, where he teaches Modern European History. David Stahel is the author of Operation Barbarossa and Germany's Defeat in the East and Kiev 1941: Hitler's Battle for Supremacy in the East.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781580464079
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date: 02/20/2012
Series: Rochester Studies in East and Central Europe Series , #8
Pages: 370
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Jeff Rutherford is Associate Professor of History at Wheeling Jesuit University, West Virginia. In addition to publishing many articles on the German army and the war on the Eastern Front, he is co-editor, with Alex J. Kay and David Stahel, of Nazi Policy on the Eastern Front, 1941: Total War, Genocide and Radicalization and the author of Combat and Genocide on the Eastern Front: The German Infantrys War, 1941-1944.

Table of Contents

Radicalizing Warfare: The German Command and the Failure of Operation Barbarossa
Urban Warfare Doctrine on the Eastern Front
The Wehrmacht in the War of Ideologies: The Army and Hitler's Criminal Orders on the Eastern Front
"The Purpose of the Russian Campaign Is the Decimation of the Slavic Population by Thirty Million": The Radicalization of German Food Policy in Early 1941
The Radicalization of German Occupation Policies: The Wirtschaftsstab Ost and the 121st Infantry Division in Pavlovsk, 1941
The Exploitation of Foreign Territories and the Discussion of Ostland's Currency in 1941
Axis Collaboration, Operation Barbarossa, and the Holocaust in Ukraine
The Radicalization of Anti-Jewish Policies in Nazi-Occupied Belarus
The Minsk Experience: German Occupiers and Everyday Life in the Capital of Belarus
Extending the Genocidal Program: Did Otto Ohlendorf Initiate the Systematic Extermination of Soviet "Gypsies"?
The Development of German Policy in Occupied France, 1941, against the Backdrop of the War in the East
Conclusion: Total War, Genocide, and Radicalization
Appendix: Comparative Table of Ranks for 1941
Selected Bibliography
List of Contributors

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