The lectures, published under the auspices of the Williams College Institute of Politics, though naturally distinctly Bulgarian in point of view as to recent history, give the reader in brief form an excellent understanding of the origins and development of the Near East Question. Tracing the Balkan Slavs from their beginnings, through their Christianization and through their long subjection and sufferings under the Turks down to the emergence in the 19th century of the Serbian, Greek, and Bulgarian nationalities, Mr. Panaretoff shows how the jealousies and greeds and insincerities of the Powers kept the Near East Question a football of European politics till at last it precipitated the Great War.
-The Searchlight, Vol. 7
|Publisher:||Creative Media Partners, LLC|
|Product dimensions:||6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.46(d)|
Read an Excerpt
Lecture III. EDUCATION IN THE NEAR EAST SINCE THE CAPTURE OF CONSTANTINOPLE IN 1453. In the last lecture I spoke about the church relations existing between the various nations of the Balkan Peninsula, In this evening's paper I wish to give you an idea of the educational relations which have existed among the peoples of the Balkan Peninsula. It is generally supposed that the capture of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453 and the fall of the Byzantine Empire affected unfavorably popular school education among the Christians in the Near East. We know that one of the consequences of the fall of Constantinople was the dispersion of Byzantine learned men, who fled from the city to other parts of Europe, carrying with them Greek classical learning. But while the establishment of Turkish rule in Byzantium and the Balkan Peninsula had a blighting effect upon intellectual development and literary activity, we do not know to what extent it affected popular education. In order to be able to judge of the effect that Turkish domination had upon the public schools and the popular education of the Christians of the Empire, one ought to know what the public school system and the degree of popular education in the Byzantine Empire were. Unfortunately, the data upon which such ajudgment and comparison could be based are practically wanting. Byzantine historians have given us considerable information about the higher institutions of learning in the Empire. As early as the first quarter of the fifth century, Emperor Theodosius founded a university in Constantinople, which in the time of Emperor Justinian is said to have had twenty-eight professors of Greek and Latin literature, one of philosophy, twoof law and some others of theology. Besides this university there were similar institutio...