Near Eastern Affairs and Conditions

Near Eastern Affairs and Conditions

by Stephen Panaretoff


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780469775107
Publisher: Creative Media Partners, LLC
Publication date: 02/25/2019
Pages: 218
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.46(d)

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Lecture III. EDUCATION IN THE NEAR EAST SINCE THE CAPTURE OF CONSTANTINOPLE IN 1453. In the last lecture I spoke about the church relations existing between the various nations of the Balkan Peninsula, In this evening's paper I wish to give you an idea of the educational relations which have existed among the peoples of the Balkan Peninsula. It is generally supposed that the capture of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453 and the fall of the Byzantine Empire affected unfavorably popular school education among the Christians in the Near East. We know that one of the consequences of the fall of Constantinople was the dispersion of Byzantine learned men, who fled from the city to other parts of Europe, carrying with them Greek classical learning. But while the establishment of Turkish rule in Byzantium and the Balkan Peninsula had a blighting effect upon intellectual development and literary activity, we do not know to what extent it affected popular education. In order to be able to judge of the effect that Turkish domination had upon the public schools and the popular education of the Christians of the Empire, one ought to know what the public school system and the degree of popular education in the Byzantine Empire were. Unfortunately, the data upon which such ajudgment and comparison could be based are practically wanting. Byzantine historians have given us considerable information about the higher institutions of learning in the Empire. As early as the first quarter of the fifth century, Emperor Theodosius founded a university in Constantinople, which in the time of Emperor Justinian is said to have had twenty-eight professors of Greek and Latin literature, one of philosophy, twoof law and some others of theology. Besides this university there were similar institutio...

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