This book documents and illustrates major developments in the use of nematodes for the biological control of insects and slugs. It covers the use of three main types of nematodes: entomopathogenic nematodes, entomophilic nematodes and slug-parasitic nematodes. The biology, commercial production, formulation and quality control, application technology, strategy and safety of each of these three nematode groups is discussed. The book also examines the application of nematodes in different cropping systems, and the efficacy of nematodes against specific pests. The potential of predatory nematodes to control plant-parasitic nematodes and mycophagous nematodes to control fungal pathogens is also reviewed.
Table of Contents
PART I. NEMATODE MORPHOLOGY AND TAXONOMY * Morphology and Taxonomy of Nematodes Used in Biocontrol PART II. ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES * Biology and Behavior * Mass Production * Formulation and Quality * Application Technology * Forum on Safety and Regulation * Lawn, Turfgrass and Pasture Applications * Glasshouse Applications * Nursery and Tree Application * Mushroom Applications * Orchard Applications * Soft Fruit Applications * Vegetable and Tuber Crop Applications * Cereal, Fiber, Medicinal, and Oilseed Crop Applications * Forestry Applications * Applications for the Control of Pests of Humans and Animals * Application for Social Insect Control * A Systems Approach to Conservation of Entomopathogenic Nematodes * Interactions with Plant-parasitic Nematodes * Compatibility and Interactions with Agrochemicals and Other Biocontrol AgentsPART 3. ENTOMOPHILIC NEMATODES * Application of Beddingia siricidicola for Sirex Wood Wasp Control * The Entomophilic Thripinema * Mermithid NematodesPART 4. SLUG-PARASITIC NEMATODES * Biology, Production, and Formulation of Slug-parasitic Nematodes * Field Application of Slug-parasitic NematodesPART 5. PREDATORY NEMATODES * Potential of Predatory Nematodes to Control Plant-parasitic NematodesPART 6. FUNGAL FEEDING NEMATODES * Potential of Fungal Feeding Nematodes for the Control of Soil-borne Plant PathogensPART 7. CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS * Critical Issues and Research Needs for Expanding the Use of Nematodes in Biocontrol