Pub. Date:
Springer Netherlands
The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences / Edition 1

The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences / Edition 1

by Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel, Ofer Bar-Yosef


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The transition from hunting and gathering to farming – the Neolithic Revolution – was one of the most signi cant cultural processes in human history that forever changed the face of humanity. Natu an communities (15,100–12,000Cal BP) (all dates in this chapter are calibrated before present) planted the seeds of change, and the Pre-Pottery Neolithic (PPN) (ca. 12,000–ca. 8,350Cal BP) people, were the rst to establish farming communities. The revolution was not fully realized until quite late in the PPN and later in the Pottery Neolithic (PN) period. We would like to ask some questions and comment on a few aspects emphas- ing the linkage between biological and cultural developments during the Neolithic Revolution. The biological issues addressed in this chapter are as follows: × Is there a demographic change from the Natu an to the Neolithic? × Is there a change in the overall health of the Neolithic populations compared to the Natu an? × Is there a change in the diet and how is it expressed? × Is there a change in the physical burden/stress people had to bear with? × Is there a change in intra- and inter-community rates of violent encounters? From the cultural perspective the leading questions will be: × What was the change in the economy and when was it fully realized? × Is there a change in settlement patterns and site nature and organization from Natu an to Neolithic? × Is there a change in human activities and division of labor?

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781402085383
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 10/21/2008
Edition description: 2008
Pages: 542
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.05(d)

Table of Contents

Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel, Ofer Bar-Yosef: Introduction : Demographic prehistory at the time of globalization,- Part 1: Demographic and Economic Dimensions of the NDT: Peter Bellwood and Marc Oxenham: The expansions of farming societies and the role of the Neolithic demographic transition,- Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel: Questions concerning the pattern of the Neolithic demographic transition inferred from cemetery data,- Emma Guerrero et al: The signal of the Neolithic demographic transition in the Levant,- Timothy A. Kohler and Matt Glaude: The Nature and Timing of the Neolithic Demographic Transition in the North American Southwest,- Richard G. Lesure: The Neolithic Demographic Transition in Mesoamerica? Larger Implications of the Strategy of Relative Chronology,- Mehmet Özdogan: Demographic crisis or a shift of population due to a crisis. An Overview on Changes in Demographic Composition During the Westward Expansion of the Neolithic Way of Life,- Jean-Denis Vigne: Zooarchaeological aspects of the Neolithic diet transition in the near east and europe, and their putative relationships with the Neolithic demographic transition,- Jérome Dubouloz: Impacts of the Neolithic demographic transition on linear pottery culture settlement
Part 2: Settlement and Village Practices: Goring-Morris Adrian Nigel & Belfer-Cohen, A: Developments in Near Eastern residential architecture across the Epipalaeolithic-Neolithic Transition,- Ian Kuijt: Demography and storage systems during the southern Levantine Neolithic demographic transition,- Stephen Shennan: Population processes and their consequences in Neolithic Central Europe
Part 3: Community Size and Social Organization,- Matthew Bandy: Global patterns of early village development,- Robert D. Drennan and Christian E. Peterson: Centralized communities, population, and social complexity after sedentarization,- Gary O. Rollefson: Charming Lives: Human and Animal Figurines in the Late Epipaleolithic and EarlyNeolithic Periods in the Greater Levant and Eastern Anatolia
Part 4: Population Growth and Health,- Richard H. Wilshusen and Elizabeth M. Perry: Evaluating the Emergence of Early Villages in the North American Southwest in Light of the Proposed Neolithic Demographic Transition),- Israel Hershkovitz, Avi Gopher: 'Start the Revolution Without Me': Biological and Cultural Aspects of the 'Neolithic Revolution' in the Southern Levant,- Mark Nathan Cohen: Implications of the NDT for World Wide Health and Mortality in Prehistory.,- Ursula Wittwer-Backhofen et N. Tomo: From Health to Civilization stress? In search for traces of a health transition during the early Neolithic in Europe

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