Carbon nanomaterials have a unique place in nanoscience owing to their exceptional electrical, thermal, chemical and mechanical properties and have found application in areas diverse as composite materials, energy storage and conversion, sensors, drug delivery, field emission devices and nanoscale electronic components. Conjugated carbon nanomaterials cover the areas of carbon nanotubes, fullerenes and graphene. Carbon nanotubes continue to gain attention and have impacted many fields and the number of potential applications continues to grow. The chemistry of carbon nanotubes, control over electronic properties and the assembly of nanotube devices are particularly active areas. Work in fullerenes has renewed vigour with significant advances in the field of superconductivity, thin films and supramolecular assembly being made over the last few years. Graphene is perhaps the newest of the carbon nanomaterials and promises to be a very active field. Already since its 'isolation' in 2004 it has grabbed the attention of the chemistry, materials and physics communities. It promises to rival carbon nanotubes in terms of properties and potential applications with the number of publications rising from ca. 130 in 2005 to ca. 2,800 in 2010. The discussion covers three key areas: carbon nanotubes, fullerenes and graphene which although look very different have much, often unrealised, common ground. Much of the work on carbon nanotubes has origins in fullerene research and now graphene is building on carbon nanotube work.
About the Author
Faraday Discussions documents a long-established series of Faraday Discussion meetings which provide a unique international forum for the exchange of views and newly acquired results in developing areas of physical chemistry, biophysical chemistry and chemical physics. The papers presented are published in the Faraday Discussion volume together with a record of the discussion contributions made at the meeting. Faraday Discussions therefore provide an important record of current international knowledge and views in the field concerned. The latest (2012) impact factor of Faraday Discussions is 3.82.
Table of Contents
Spiers Memorial Lecture: Advances of Carbon Nanomaterials; Spinning of Carbon Nanotube Fibres Using the Floating Catalyst High Temperature Route: Purity Issues and the Critical Role of Sulphur; Boundary Layer Chemical Vapour Synthesis of Self-organised Ferromagnetically Filled Radial-carbon-nanotube Structures; Effect of Post-annealing on the Plasma Etching of Graphene-coated-copper; Synthesis of Face-centred Cubic Cs3C60 in THF; Bulk Properties of Solution-synthesized Chevron-like Graphene Nanoribbons; Synthesis in Gas and Liquid Phase: General Discussion; Moire Pattern as a Magnifying Glass for Strain and Dislocations in Van Der Waals Heterostructures; Metal–semiconductor Transition like Behavior of Naphthalene-doped Single Wall; Carbon Nanotube Bundles; Chameleon-like Behaviour of Cyclo[N]Paraphenylenes in Complexes with C70: On; Their Impressive Electronic and Structural Adaptability as Probed by Raman Spectroscopy; Role of Edge Geometry and Chemistry in the Electronic Properties of Graphene Nanostructures; Maximum Aromaticity or Maximum Pentagon Separation; Which Is the Origin Behind the Stability of Endohedral Metallofullerenes?; Nitrogen Segregation in Nanocarbons; Doping and Theory: General Discussion; Spectroscopic and Atomic Force Studies of the Functionalisation of Carbon Surfaces: New Insights into the Role of the Surface Topography and Specific Chemical States; Aqueous Dispersions of Oligomer-grafted Carbon Nanomaterials with Controlled Surface Charge and Minimal Framework Damage; Water-soluble Fullerene Materials for Bioapplications: Photoinduced Reactive Oxygen Species Generation; Synthesis and First X-ray Structure of a Hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene–fullerenedyad: a Model for an Inter-carbon-allotrope Hybrid; Organocatalysis for New Chiral Fullerene-based Materials; Inkjet Printing of Graphene; Functionalisation, Separation and Solvation: General Discussion; Gel Electrophoresis Using a Selective Radical for the Separation of Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes; Single-walled Carbon Nanotube Networks in Conductive Composite Materials; Few Layer Graphene–polypropylene Nanocomposites: the Role of Flake Diameter; Do We Need Covalent Bonding of Si Nanoparticles on Graphene Oxide for Li-ion Batteries?; Reduced Graphene Oxide and Graphene Composite Materials for Improved Gas Sensing at Low Temperature; Oxygen Reduction Reaction by Electrochemically Reduced Graphene Oxide; Applications, Composites, and Devices: General Discussion; Concluding Remarks: Summary and Some Pointers for the Future.