The theory of simple and complex fluids has made considerable recent progress due to the emergence of new concepts and theoretical tools, the availability of a large body of new experimental data on increasingly complex systems, and far-reaching developments in numerical simulation. Two clear trends emerge from the present book: first, the diversity of new and unexpected theoretical results relating to classical models of liquids; and secondly, the parallel emergence of new concepts, models and methods for the investigation of complex fluids and phenomena. The book lays stress on a tutorial presentation of the main topics, including liquid structure, metastability and phase transitions, confined fluids and interfaces, complex fluids and quantum fluids.
Audience: Physicists, physical chemists, materials scientists and engineers who require an up-to-date account of recent progress in a rapidly growing, interdisciplinary area. Graduate students who need and introduction to the novel concepts and methods in the field.
Table of Contents
Foreword. Charged and polar liquids, phase transitions and metastability. Understanding criticality: Simple fluids and ionic fluids; M.E. Fisher. Equation of state and critical behavior of simple fluid models; J.S. Høye. Phase separation and critical phenomena in simple fluids and in binary mixtures; L. Reatto. Critical behaviour of the restricted primitive model (RMP); D. Levesque. Phase diagram of dipolar hard-core molecule systems; D. Levesque. New results on some ionic-fluid problems; G. Stell. Fluids with internal degrees of freedom; F. Lado. Replica and glasses; G. Parisi. Nematic to smectic: A 'hard' transition; Y. Martínez-Ratón, et al. Interfaces and confined fluids. Fluids in model pores or cavities: The influence of confinement on structure and phase behaviour. I. DFT for small systems: hard spheres in a spherical cavity; R. Evans. Fluids in model pores or cavities: The influence of confinement on structure and phase behaviour. II. Freezing and condensation transitions of confined fluids; R. Evans. Bulk and surface properties of dipolar fluids; B. Groh, S. Dietrich. Fluids in contract with structured substrates; S. Dietrich. Liquid state methods for disordered systems; M.L. Rosinberg. Inhomogeneous fluids in an external field; F. Lado, E. Lomba. Free energy density function from 0D cavities; P. Tarazona, Y. Rosenfeld. Geometrically based free energy functional for confined hard spheres and the density functional theory for simple classical systems; Y. Rosenfeld. Charge-stabilized colloids confined to a slit: A case for attraction between like charged particles; D. Goulding, J.-P. Hansen. Wetting phase transitions and petroleum reservoirs; J.O. Indekeu, et al.Complex fluids. Atomistic computer simulation studies of surfactant systems; S. Bandyopadhyay, et al. On effective interactions in colloidal physics; T. Biben. Theory and simulations of polymers at surfaces; A. Yethiraj. Static structure and chain conformations in polyelectrolyte solutions; A. Yethiraj. Theories of hydrophobic effects and the description of free volume in complex liquids; L.R. Pratt, et al. Theoretical and simulation study of model protein solutions; C. Caccamo, et al. Quantum fluids. Ab initio liquids: Simulating liquids based on first principles; D. Marx. Progress in the theory of inhomogeneous 4He; L. Reatto. Tight-binding lattice-gas model: Alkali fluids; M. Reinaldo-Falagan, et al. Current-density functional theory of time-dependent linear response in quantal fluids: Recent progress; M.P. Tosi, et al. Subject Index. List of participants.