Powerful insights from ministers, theologians, activists, leaders, artists and liturgists who are shaping the future.
"Christianity has been a source of the oppression of women, as well as a resource for unleashing women's full humanity. Feminist analysis and practice have recognized this. Feminist Christianity is reshaping religious institutions and religious life in more holistic, inclusive, and justice-focused ways."
—from the Introduction
Feminism has brought many changes to Christian religious practice. From inclusive language and imagery about the Divine to an increase in the number of women ministers, Christian worship will never be the same. Yet, even now, there is a lack of substantive structural change in many churches and complacency within denominations.
The contributors to this book are the thought leaders who are shaping, and being shaped by, the emerging directions of feminist Christianity. They speak from across the denominational spectrum, and from the many diverse groups that make up the Christian community as it finds its place in a religiously pluralistic world. Taken together, their voices offer a starting point for building new models of religious life and worship.
Topics covered include feminist:
• Theological Visions
• Scriptural Insights
• Ethical Agendas
• Liturgical and Artistic Frontiers
• Ministerial Challenges
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About the Author
María Pilar Aquino is professor of theology and religious studies at the University of San Diego. Dr. Aquino was a visiting professor of theology at Harvard
Divinity School. She is the author of Our Cry for Life: Feminist Theology from Latin America; La teología, la iglesia y la mujer en América Latina (Theology,
the Church and Women in Latin America); and Teología feminista Latinoamericana
(Latin American Feminist Theology). She organizes and convenes
Latina feminist scholars and activists in religion.
Rachel A. R. Bundang is on the religious studies faculty at the Marymount
School in New York. Dr. Bundang earned her doctorate in constructive theologies,
praxis, and ethics from Union Theological Seminary. She was a Bannan
Fellow at Santa Clara University. Rooted in feminist ethics and Catholic theology, Rachel's work takes her from the academy to the parish and beyond.
Wanda Deifelt is associate professor of religion at Luther College in Decorah,
Iowa. She is an ordained pastor of the Lutheran Church in Brazil (IECLB).
Dr.Deifelt taught at Escola Superior de Teologia in São Leopoldo, Brazil, from
1991–2004, where she held the Chair of Feminist Theology. She writes and lectures widely on liberation topics.
Marie M. Fortune is founder and senior analyst at the FaithTrust Institute, where she addresses sexual and domestic violence in faith communities. The Rev. Dr.
Fortune is ordained in the United Church of Christ. She is a pastor, an educator,
an author, and a practicing theologian and ethicist. Her books include Keeping the Faith: Guidance for Christian Women Facing Abuse; Is Nothing Sacred? When
Sex Invades the Pastoral Relationship; and Sexual Violence: The Sin Revisited.
Mary E. Hunt is a Catholic feminist theologian active in the women-church movement. Dr. Hunt lectures and writes on theology and ethics with particular attention to liberation issues. She is editor of A Guide for Women in Religion: Making Your Way from A to Z (Palgrave), among many other publications.
Hunt and Neu are cofounders and codirectors of the Women's Alliance for Theology, Ethics and Ritual (WATER), a feminist educational center dedicated to creating and sustaining inclusive communities in society and religion, in Silver Spring, Maryland.
W. Anne Joh is associate professor of theology at Garrett-Evangelical Theological
Seminary. Dr. Joh's research interests lie at the intersection of postcolonial theory, feminist theology, cultural studies, psychoanalysis, and critical race and queer theories.Her latest project is postcolonial theological anthropology in conversation with feminist theology and Gayatri Spivak, Giorgio Agamben,
Jan Mohammed, and Michele Foucault.
Eunjoo Mary Kim is associate professor of homiletics and director of the Doctor of Ministry program at Iliff School of Theology in Denver, Colorado, and is an ordained Presbyterian minister. Dr. Kim has written numerous articles and has published three books, Preaching the Presence of God: A Homiletic from the Asian American Perspective; Women Preaching: Theology and Practice
Through the Ages; and Preaching in an Age of Globalization.
Kwok Pui-lan is the William F. Cole Professor of Christian Theology and Spirituality at Episcopal Divinity School. Dr. Kwok's many publications include
Postcolonial Imagination and Feminist Theology and Introducing Asian Feminist
Theology. She has edited Off the Menu: Asian and Asian North American
Women’s Religion and Theology and Empire and the Christian Tradition: New
Readings of Classical Theologians. She is active in professional societies, including the American Academy of Religion, where she was elected as president.
Cynthia Lapp is pastor at Hyattsville Mennonite Church in Maryland. She studied music at Eastern Mennonite University and theology at Wesley Theological
Seminary. Music is a central mode of her ministry. Social justice concerns shape her work in the broader community as well as in Mennonite circles.
Shelly Matthews is the Dorothy and B. H. Peace Jr. Associate Professor of
Religion at Furman University. The Reverend Matthews is ordained in the
Dakotas Area Conference of the United Methodist Church. She is the author of First Converts: Rich Pagan Women and the Rhetoric of Mission in Early
Judaism and Christianity and Perfect Martyr: The Stoning of Stephen and the
Construction of Christian Identity.
Virginia Ramey Mollenkott is actively retired after forty-four years of university teaching where she specialized in Milton and seventeenth-century poetry.A pioneer feminist and LGBTQ activist, Dr. Mollenkott has published hundreds of articles and numerous books, most recently the updated versions of her groundbreaking works Omnigender and Sensuous Spirituality. She leads workshops at churches and retreat centers, including Kirkridge in Bangor, Pennsylvania.
Eleanor Moody-Shepherd is vice president of academic affairs, academic dean, and professor of women's studies at New York Theological Seminary.
The Rev. Dr.Moody-Shepherd is a clergywoman who pastors a church that is part of the Presbyterian Church USA. She mentors women in the academy and the church. She is engaged in struggle against all of the "isms" that continue to divide and leave scars on bodies and souls.
Surekha Nelavala received her doctorate from Drew University. Dr. Nelavala's dissertation is titled Liberation beyond Borders: Dalit Feminist Hermeneutics and Four Gospel Women. She engages in biblical scholarship as a way of doing justice work. She is the author of Paradigms of Authority in the New Testament:
Women’s Perspective, as well as articles in international journals.
Diann L. Neu is a feminist liturgist and minister, spiritual director and psychotherapist. Dr. Neu is the author of Return Blessings: Ecofeminist Liturgies Renewing the Earth and Women's Rites: Feminist Liturgies for Life's Journeys. She designs liturgies for faith and justice communities, especially the women-church movement.
Hunt and Neu are cofounders and codirectors of the Women’s Alliance for Theology, Ethics and Ritual (WATER), a feminist educational center dedicated to creating and sustaining inclusive communities in society and religion, in Silver Spring, Maryland.
Kate M. Ott is a Christian ethicist and activist. Dr. Ott educates and writes curricula for faith communities on issues of sexuality, childhood/adolescence,
and moral decision making. Dr. Ott is coauthor of the second edition of
A Time to Speak: Faith Communities and Sexuality Education. She wrote the
"Sexuality Education Curricula for Faith Communities: An Annotated Bibliography."
Her current writing project is a book, Sexuality, Faith, and Family:
Talking to Our Children from Toddlers to Teens.
Nancy Pineda-Madrid is assistant professor of theology and U.S. Latino/a ministry at Boston College's School of Theology and Ministry. She holds a doctoral degree in systematic and philosophical theology from the Graduate
Theological Union. Dr. Pineda-Madrid is working on a book that examines the problematic intersection of suffering and the quest for salvation from a
Latina feminist perspective.
Marjorie Procter-Smith is the LeVan Professor of Christian Worship at Perkins
School of Theology, Southern Methodist University. Dr. Procter-Smith is the author of In Her Own Rite: Constructing Feminist Liturgical Tradition; Praying
With Our Eyes Open: Engendering Feminist Prayer; and The Church in Her
House: A Feminist Emancipatory Prayer Book for Christian Communities.
Meg A. Riley is senior minister of the Church of the Larger Fellowship and has served the Unitarian Universalist movement. The Reverend Riley is the founding president of Faith in Public Life: A Resource Center for Justice and the Common Good. She has served on dozens of committees and boards, including the Interfaith Alliance, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, Interfaith Worker Justice, and the Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice.
Victoria Rue is a theater writer/director, professor, and Roman Catholic woman priest. Dr. Rue works as a spiritual care counselor with VNA/Hospice in Salinas, California. She is the author of Acting Religious: Theatre as Pedagogy in Religious Studies. She is an activist working for the transformation of the
Roman Catholic Church as a woman and also as a lesbian. Her website is www.victoriarue.com.
Rosemary Radford Ruether taught for twenty-seven years at the Garrett-
Evangelical Theological Seminary and Northwestern University and for six years at the Graduate Theological Union. Dr.Ruether is an emerita professor at Garrett-
Evangelical and the Graduate Theological Union. She is the author or editor of more than forty books and numerous articles, including Sexism and God-Talk:
Toward a Feminist Theology; Women-Church: Theology and Practice of Feminist
Liturgical Communities; and Gaia & God: An Ecofeminist Theology of Earth Healing.
She teaches at the Claremont Graduate University in Claremont, California.
Letha Dawson Scanzoni is an independent scholar. She is the editor of the
Evangelical & Ecumenical Women's Caucus’s quarterly publication, Christian
Feminism Today. She is the cowriter with Kimberly B. George of the crossgenerational
Christian feminist blog 72-27, at www.eewc.com/72-27. She is the author or coauthor of numerous books, including, with Nancy Hardesty, All
We’re Meant to Be, which helped launch the biblical feminist movement within second-wave feminism, and Is the Homosexual My Neighbor? with Virginia
Ramey Mollenkott, which opened the LGBTQ conversation among evangelicals.
Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza is the Krister Stendahl Professor at Harvard University
Divinity School and the founding coeditor of the Journal of Feminist
Studies in Religion. Dr. Schüssler Fiorenza's many books include The Power of the Word: Scripture and the Rhetoric of Empire and Democratizing Biblical Studies:
Toward an Emancipatory Educational Space. Her groundbreaking In Memory of Her: A Feminist Theological Reconstruction of Christian Origins has been translated into many languages. She is active in the women-church movement.
Deborah Sokolove is an artist, a liturgical scholar, and the director of the
Henry Luce III Center for the Arts and Religion at Wesley Theological Seminary.
Dr. Sokolove is a member of a group that writes liturgies and prayers collaboratively for Seekers Church, a small progressive Christian community in
Washington, D.C. Her paintings have been shown locally and nationally in both private and public collections. Her articles on faith, art, and the artist's life appear in numerous publications.
Jeanette Stokes is the founding director of the Center for Women and Ministry in the South and an ordained Presbyterian minster. Rev. Stokes is the author of Hurricane Season: Living Through a Broken Heart, a memoir about recovering from divorce, and 25 Years in the Garden, a collection of essays. She writes, paints, dances, gardens, and leads workshops on women, spirituality,
creativity, and social justice.
Janet Walton is professor of worship at Union Theological Seminary in New
York City. Dr. Walton focuses her research and teaching on ritual traditions and practices in religious communities, with particular interest in artistic dimensions, feminist perspectives, and commitments to justice. Her books include Art and Worship: A Vital Connection; Sacred Sound and Social Change,
coedited with Lawrence Hoffman; Women at Worship: Interpretations of North
American Diversity, coedited with Marjorie Procter-Smith; and Feminist Liturgy:
A Matter of Justice.
Traci C.West is professor of ethics and African American studies at Drew University
Theological School. Dr. West is the author of Wounds of the Spirit: Black
Women, Violence, and Resistance Ethics and Disruptive Christian Ethics: When
Racism and Women's Lives Matter, and editor of Our Family Values: Same-sex
Marriage and Religion. She is an ordained elder in the United Methodist Church.
Gale A. Yee is Nancy W. King Professor of Biblical Studies at Episcopal Divinity
School. Dr. Yee is the author of many articles, essays, and books, including
Poor Banished Children of Eve: Woman as Evil in the Hebrew Bible. She is currently working on a book putting the Bible in the service of the U.N. Millennium
Table of Contents
PART I FEMINIST THEOLOGICAL VISIONS 1?
A Postcolonial Feminist Vision for Christianity?
KWOK PUI-LAN 3?
Feminist Theology in Theological Education?
ROSEMARY RADFORD RUETHER 11
?Latina Feminist Theology: Charting Future Discourse?
NANCY PINEDA-MADRID 21?
Crossing Borders: Feminist Christianity in Latin America?
WANDA DEIFELT 30?
Analysis, Interconnectedness, and Peacebuilding for a Just World?
MARÍA PILAR AQUINO 41
?Race, Class, Gender, Sexuality: Integrating the Diverse Politics of Identity into Our Theology?
W. ANNE JOH 52?
Why We Need Evangelical Feminists?
LETHA DAWSON SCANZONI 64?
PART II FEMINIST SCRIPTURAL INSIGHTS 77?
Where Are You Really From? An Asian American Feminist Biblical Scholar Reflects on Her Guild
?GALE A. YEE 79?
Critical Feminist Biblical Studies: Remembering the Struggles, Envisioning the Future?
ELISABETH SCHÜSSLER FIORENZA 86?
Inclusivity and Distinctions: The Future of Dalit Feminist Biblical Studies?
SUREKHA NELAVALA 100?
The Future of Feminist Scripture Studies?
SHELLY MATTHEWS 107?
PART III FEMINIST ETHICAL AGENDAS 115?
What Does Antiracist Feminist Christian Social Ethics Look Like??
TRACI C. WEST 117
?Trans-forming Feminist Christianity?
VIRGINIA RAMEY MOLLENKOTT 127?
Seeking Justice and Healing: Violence against Women as an Agenda for Feminist Christianity
?MARIE M. FORTUNE 138
?Feminist Theo-ethics in Remix Culture
?RACHEL A. R. BUNDANG 149?
Searching for an Ethic: Sexuality, Children, and Moral Agency?
KATE M. OTT 158?
PART IV FEMINIST LITURGICAL AND ARTISTIC?FRONTIERS 167?
The Feminist Face of God: Art and Liturgy?
JEANETTE STOKES 169?
More Than Words?DEBORAH SOKOLOVE 182?
Feminist Eucharists at Wisdom's Many Tables?
DIANN L. NEU 190
?The Road Is Made by Walking?
JANET WALTON 206?
This Is My Body?VICTORIA RUE 214
?"The Ones Who've Gone Before Us": The Future of Feminist Artistic and Liturgical Life
?MARJORIE PROCTER-SMITH 222
PART V FEMINIST MINISTERIAL CHALLENGES 233?
Women in Ministry in a Postfeminist Era
?BARBARA BROWN ZIKMUND 35?
Asian American Women and Renewal of Preaching?
EUNJOO MARY KIM 245?
Balancing Power and Humility: Feminist Values in Mennonite Ministry?
CYNTHIA LAPP 254?
Our Voices: Loud and Clear
?ELEANOR MOODY-SHEPHERD 261
?New Feminist Catholics: Community and Ministry?
MARY E. HUNT 269?
Signs of Hope, Signs of Dismay
?MEG A. RILEY 285?
Conclusion: Strengthening Our Resolve,?Moving Ever Forward 294?
Suggestions for Further Reading 329
?Index of Contributors 350?
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Name~Look up~Apperance~Beutifull red ginger she cat with leaf green eyes.~Age~23 moons~Crush/Mate~Jetstar/No~ Kits~Starkit adopted is very inactive~Family~Mom-Flowerfall Jaywing-Sister Ratclaw-Dad Blazestorm-Brother~Was a kittypet until captured by BloodClan~Theme Song~5SOS Don't Stop
((Name)) Riverstreak ((Age)) 10 moths old ((Description)) a redish brown she cat whith hazel eyes ((Rank)) wants to be med cat ((History)) When she was a kit she lived in a peaceful town by a water fall, but when the town got attaked she came
&hearts * Patchfall * &hearts <p> Name: Patchfall <br> Gender: Female <br> Rank/Clan: Warrior/LightClan <br> Age: ? <br> Persona: Meet meh :P <br> Appearance: Pale ginger fur. Dark green eyes. <br> Kin: -Mother; Hawkstar/flight- -Father; Jetfrost/star- -Sisters; Riversplash, Owlstrike- -Brother; Runningtoe- -Younger Sisters; Birdkit, Peakkit, Squirrelkit- -Younger Brothers; Berrykit, Bumblekit, Batkit- <br> Crush/Mate/Kits: Nope! <br> History: ... <p> &hearts * Squirrelkit * &hearts <p> Name: Squirrelkit <br> Gender: Female <br> Rank/Clan: Kit/LightClan <br> Age: ? <br> Persona: Meet meh <br> Appearance: Fluffy light brown shekit. One amber eye; one green eye. <br> Kin: -Mother; Hawkflight- -Father; Jetstar- -Older Sisters; Patchfall, Riversplash, Owlstrike- -Older Brother; Runningtoe- -Sisters; Birdkit, Peakkit- -Brothers; Batkit, Bumblekit, Berrykit- <br> Crush/Mate/Kits: -_- Nooo... <br> History: ...
NAME:Icekit AGE:two weeks old GENDER:Female FAMILY:Adopted mom but no dad HISTORY: Was abandend after her family was killed APPERANCE: Pure white coat with blue eyes
Dolphinpaw's biography is under construction. This update should not take more than a couple days. Enjoy your stay!
Name: Lunarclaw <p> Gender: Female <p> Age: Between 30-40 moons give or take <p> Appearence: Silver fur with a white star on her forehead. Large gold eyes <p> Mate: None <p> Crush: None <p> Kits: None <p>Rank: Warrior <p> Kin: All dead <p> Personality: Loyal to her clan, brave, stubborn, calm, and sweet
Name: Brackenfur <p> Gender: & female <p> Rank: Warrior/ Queen <p> Appearance: <br> Golden Brown pelt <br> Tiny Pale Red flecks <br> Deep Violet eyes <p> Friends: <br> Riversplash ((Best Gal Pal XD)) <br> Dolphinheart ((Sister)) <br> Runningtoe ((Good Guy Friend)) <br> Lightning ((Meh Looove)) <p> Kin: Hundreds, really. I have them listed XD <p> Crush: Lightning <p> Mate: Lightning <p> Kits: Expecting <p> Other: Will Update Later!
Age: somewhere around 40-50 moons. <p> Mate: Hawkflight (just to clear everything up..) <p> Kits: Runningtoe, Patchfall, Riversplash, (and one more from that litter O.o) Birdkit, Bumblekit (and four others who are inactive. Their names escape meh.)