Modern conflicts now bear little relation to traditional wars between states. The threat of terrorism, the creation of new military technologies, the rise of private military companies, and the increasing involvement of the military in counter-terrorism and humanitarian operations all pose challenges to traditional ideas about the ethics of war, the relevance of current international law governing armed conflict, and Just War theory.
How, then, should military ethics approach these new forms of conflict? Modern military ethics now includes work from disciplines as diverse as philosophy, history, sociology, international relations, politics, and psychology. This diversity of approaches suggests that the approach to contemporary military ethics that is best suited to understanding the wars of today is a broad multidisciplinary vision. By bringing together contributors from philosophy, international relations, security studies, and strategic studies, this volume offers just such an interdisciplinary analysis. The chapters in this volume explore the ethical issues posed by recent developments in both the nature and conduct of war, as well as focusing on the role and needs of modern military personnel. This comprehensive approach allows the reader to see the broad scope of modern military ethics, and to understand the numerous questions about modern conflict that require critical scrutiny. Aimed at both military and academic audiences, this volume will be of significant interest to researchers and students in philosophy, sociology, military and strategic studies, international relations, politics, and security studies.
About the Author
Paolo Tripodi, Marine Corps University, USA and Jessica Wolfendale, West Virginia University, USA
Paolo Tripodi, Jessica Wolfendale. Stephen Coleman. C.A.J. (Tony) Coady, Gerhard Øverland. David Lefkowitz, Nicholas Evans. Robotic weapons and the future of war, Robert Sparrow, Uwe Steinhoff. George R. Lucas Jr, Deane-Peter Baker. J. Peter Bradley. Rebecca J. Johnson. Peter Olsthoorn.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction, Paolo Tripodi and Jessica Wolfendale; Part I New Visions of Just War Theory: 'New wars', terrorism, and just war theory, Jessica Wolfendale; Just war, irregular war, and terrorism, Stephen Coleman; The jus post bellum, C.A.J. (Tony) Coady. Part II Humanitarian Intervention: High-fliers: who should bear the risk of humanitarian intervention?, Gerhard Øverland; On a duty of humanitarian intervention, David Lefkowitz. Part III New Technologies in the Battlefield: Emerging military technologies: a case study in neurowarfare, Nicholas Evans; Robotic weapons and the future of war, Robert Sparrow. Part IV New Actors in the Battlefield: Ethics and mercenaries, Uwe Steinhoff; Ethics and the human terrain: the ethics of military anthropology, George R. Lucas Jr; To whom does a private military commander owe allegiance?, Deane-Peter Baker. Part V Combat Behavior and Training: Deconstructing the evil zone: how ordinary individuals can commit atrocities, Paolo Tripodi; Psychological foundations of unethical actions in military operations, J. Peter Bradley; Moral formation of the strategic corporal, Rebecca J. Johnson; Loyalty and professionalization in the military, Peter Olsthoorn; Index.