The Next Frontier: National Development, Political Change, and the Death Penalty in Asia

The Next Frontier: National Development, Political Change, and the Death Penalty in Asia

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Oxford University Press

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The Next Frontier: National Development, Political Change, and the Death Penalty in Asia

Today, two-thirds of the world's nations have abolished the death penalty, either officially or in practice, due mainly to the campaign to end state executions led by Western European nations. Will this success spread to Asia, where over 95 percent of executions now occur? Do Asian values and traditions support capital punishment, or will development and democratization end executions in the world's most rapidly developing region?

David T. Johnson, an expert on law and society in Asia, and Franklin E. Zimring, a senior authority on capital punishment, combine detailed case studies of the death penalty in Asian nations with cross-national comparisons to identify the critical factors for the future of Asian death penalty policy. The clear trend is away from reliance on state execution and many nations with death penalties in their criminal codes rarely use it. Only the hard-line authoritarian regimes of China, Vietnam, Singapore, and North Korea execute with any frequency, and when authoritarian states experience democratic reforms, the rate of executions drops sharply, as in Taiwan and South Korea. Debunking the myth of "Asian values," Johnson and Zimring demonstrate that politics, rather than culture or tradition, is the major obstacle to the end of executions. Carefully researched and full of valuable lessons, The Next Frontier is the authoritative resource on the death penalty in Asia for scholars, policymakers, and advocates around the world.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195382457
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 02/02/2009
Series: Studies in Crime and Public Policy Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 544
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Part I: Issues and Methods
1. Asia and the Future of Capital Punishment
2. Varieties of Capital Punishment in Contemporary Asia
Part II: National Profiles
3. Development without Abolition: Japan in the 21st Century
4. A Lesson Learned: Capital Punishment in the Philippines
5. The Vanguard: The Death Penalty and Political Change in South Korea
6. The Other China: Capital Punishment in Taiwan
7. The Political Origins of Chinese Death Penalty Exceptionalism
Part III: Lessons and Prospects
8. Lessons from Asia
9. The Pace of Change in Asia
Appendix A: Capital Punishment in the Hermit Kingdom of North Korea
Appendix B: One Country, Two Systems: Death Penalty Policy in Hong Kong and Macao
Appendix C: China Lite? The Death Penalty in Vietnam
Appendix D: Death Sentences and Executions in Thailand
Appendix E: The Death Penalty in Singapore
Appendix F: The Death Penalty in India
Appendix G: State-Killing in Asia: On the Relationship between Judicial and Extra-Judicial Executions

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