The twentieth century witnessed an explosion of new nations carved out of existing ramshackle empires and multiethnic states. Many observers contend that the creation of new states will continue indefinitely, with the two hundred of today becoming the four hundred of tomorrow as more groups seek independence. This provocative and compelling book explores the impact of globalization and terrorism on this trend, arguing convincingly that the era of national self-determination has finally come to an end. Examining the forces that determine the emergence of new nation-states, the distinguished contributors consider a rich array of specific cases from the Middle East, Asia, North America, Europe, and Russia where new states could be created. They contend that globalization, rather than expanding such opportunities, is not as friendly to new weak states with limited resources as it is to established rich nations. Given the vast sums circulating in the world market, few fledgling nations can be financially independent. They find it more prudent to shelter within the protective embrace of existing federations. Equally, governments of federal states can induce restive petitionerssuch as Quebec, Scotland, and the Basquesto remain inside the metropolitan boundary through a system of tangible restraints and rewards. Those who reject the benefits, such as rebels in Chechnya and Aceh, will fail in their bids for independence. Taiwanpoised on a knife-edge between integration with China and independencefaces a series of costs and diminished returns if it seeks full statehood. Finally, terrorism has lost its legitimacy as a technique for gaining independence in the eyes of the international community. Despite the stall in new state formation, there has been no sign of successful military or imperial expansion by established countries toward consolidation into fewer, larger national units. Neither aggression by regional statessuch as the Iraq invasion of Kuwait in 1990, nor interventionsuch as the U.S. occupation
|Publisher:||Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.12(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.91(d)|
About the Author
Richard N. Rosecrance is research professor of political science at the University of California, Los Angeles, and senior fellow in the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Arthur A. Stein is professor of political science at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a former member of the Policy Planning Council of the Department of State.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Globalization and Its Effects: Introduction and Overview Part 1 Generalist Forces Chapter 2 The "Acceptance" of Globalization Part 2 Specific Outcomes Chapter 3 Will Terrorism Defeat Globalization? Part 3 Conclusions Chapter 4 Terrorism, Overreaction, and Globalization Chapter 5 Can China Be Effectively Punished through Global Economic Isolation? Chapter 6 Globalization, Terrorism, Self-Determination, and the U. S. Relationship with Russia Chapter 7 Globalization and the State in the Middle East: Iran, Turkey, Israel, and the Palestinians Chapter 8 The Failure of Chechen Separatism Chapter 9 The Status Quo in Kashmir? Chapter 10 Global Incentives and Local Responses to Self-determination: An Application to Aceh Chapter 11 Mired in Mesopotamia? The Iraq War and U.S. Interests Chapter 12 Sustainable Peace Agreements in the Age of International Institutions: The Case of Cyprus Chapter 13 The Never-Ending Story Quebec and the Question of National Self-Determination Chapter 14 The Dilemma of Devolution and Federalism: Secessionary Nationalism and the Case of Scotland Chapter 15 The Taiwan-China Tangle: Divided Sovereignty in an Age of Globalization Chapter 16 Who Will Be Independent?
What People are Saying About This
For 500 years, as empires fell and fiefdoms vanished, the nation-state has proven an evolutionary winner—its number soaring from 50 to 200 since World War II. Will globalization and integration, nuclear weapons and terrorism, finally do it in? For some astute and surprising answers, read this excellent collection.
Richard Rosecrance and Arthur Stein deal with one of the most important and understudied issues in global politics today—the question of state fragmentation and state formation. The chapters in this volume provide fresh thinking on why states exist and how they are defined.
An outstanding collection of essays on the deepening of economic globalization and its impact on nationalism, state formation, and stability in the international system.