North of the Color Line: Migration and Black Resistance in Canada, 1870-1955

North of the Color Line: Migration and Black Resistance in Canada, 1870-1955

by Sarah-Jane Mathieu

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807899397
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date: 11/29/2010
Series: The John Hope Franklin Series in African American History and Culture
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 296
File size: 4 MB

About the Author

Sarah-Jane Mathieu is assistant professor of history at the University of Minnesota.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xiii

Abbreviations xv

Introduction: Birth of a Nation: Race, Empire, and Nationalism during Canada's Railway Age 3

Chapter 1 Drawing the Line: Race and Canadian Immigration Policy 22

Chapter 2 Jim Crow Rides This Train: Segregation in the Canadian Workforce 61

Chapter 3 Fighting the Empire: Race, War, and Mobilization 100

Chapter 4 Building an Empire, Uplifting a Race: Race, Uplift, and Transnational Alliances 143

Chapter 5 Bonds of Steel: Depression, War, and International Brotherhood 185

Notes 219

Sources 249

Index 269

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

Tracing the struggles and successes of the Order of Sleeping Car Porters, North of the Color Line provides a compelling account of the making and remaking of race relations in Canada. Painting on a big canvas, drawing on a wide range of sources, and tackling ambitious themes, Mathieu offers vivid characterizations of the African Canadian, African American, and West Indian men who rode the rails and the network of women from Halifax to Vancouver who together sought to forge lives of dignity and security.—Nora Faires, Western Michigan University



North of the Color Line is written with verve, and brings fresh light and new information to an important but relatively under-reported era in African-Canadian history. It goes beyond anything we have on the Porters in this period, and offers much useful detail on the black community in Winnipeg.—James W. St.G. Walker, University of Waterloo



Sarah-Jane Mathieu's scholarship opens up and deepens our understanding of race, migration, immigration, urbanization, and the discourse of white supremacy through its exploration of the United States' northern neighbor. She exposes multiple assumptions and contradictions presently embedded in the consciousness of citizens of Canada and the United States as well as the historical literature. Her treatment is creative, well-researched, and beautifully written.—Beth Tompkins Bates, author of Pullman Porters and the Rise of Protest Politics in Black America, 1925-1945

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