Read an Excerpt
Chapter 1: NetWare 5.1 Installation
- Before You Begin
- NetWare 5.1 Installation
In the first leg of your exciting NetWare 5.1 CNE journey, we explored Novell's CNA certification objectives — also known as NetWare 5.1 Administration. In this first course, we used Novell's CNA Study Guide for NetWare 5.1 as our road map. Wasn't that fun?
We learned about ACME (A Cure for Mother Earth), their mission to save the Net, and how NetWare 5.1 expands local- and wide-area networking via Novell Directory Services (NDS). Whether you are a new CNE or just want to manage your network with NetWare 5.1, you need to become intimately familiar with Novell Course 560, "NetWare 5.1 Administration," before you continue this exhaustive CNE journey. See the "Introduction" of this book for a brief review.
In this book, Novell's CNE Study Guide for NetWare 5.1, we continue the CNE journey beyond mere administration tasks, into the realm of "engineer" stuff — such as Pure IP, Internet infrastructure, advanced security, optimization, NDS design, and troubleshooting. We even launch you into the seven-layer OSI model with four comprehensive chapters in Part IV of this book, "Networking Technologies." This exhaustive CNE journey all begins with a review of Novell Course 570, "NetWare 5.1 Advanced Administration." In these chapters, we will examine all the cool NetWare 5.1 administrative features that enhance everything we learned in Novell's CNA Study Guide for NetWare 5.1. Here's a brief peek:
Chapter 1: NetWare 5.1 Installation — We'll start at the beginning. The NetWare 5.1 installation procedure includes a graphical user interface (GUI), NDS integration, improved licensing, and on-the-fly driver support (via Hot Plug PCI and automatic hardware detection).
Chapter 2: NetWare 5.1 IP Services — Once we have installed the server, we will discover Pure IP! TCP/IP is the pavement of NetWare 5.1's information superhighway. NetWare 5.1 supports native access to TCP/IP networks with the help of DNS/DHCP Services, IPX compatibility, network address translation (NAT), and the Service Location Protocol (SLP).
Chapter 3: NetWare 5.1 Internet Infrastructure — So far we have built the NetWare 5.1 server (using NetWare 5.1 installation) and poured the electronic pavement of the Information Superhighway (using TCP/IP and DNS/DHCP services). Now it's time to build a complete Internet infrastructure for access to the World Wide Web. In this chapter, we will learn how to build a complete Internet infrastructure using NetWare 5.1. In preview, we will study the following NetWare World Wide Web components: NetWare Enterprise Web Server, NetWare FTP Server, NetWare News Server, NetWare MultiMedia Server, NetWare Web Search Server, and IBM's WebSphere Application Server.
Chapter 4: NetWare 5.1 Advanced Server Management — What about the server? In Chapter 4, we will begin a journey through three key advanced management tasks: server, NDS, and security. It all starts with the NetWare 5.1 server and Java. NetWare 5.1 and Java combine to create native support for the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and GUI ConsoleOne interface. In addition, we will learn about server management at the console, Novell Storage Services (NSS), and backup/restore via Storage Management Services (SMS).
Chapter 5: NetWare 5.1 Advanced NDS Management — Then we will continue our advanced administrative journey with some key NDS maintenance and troubleshooting tasks. As you'll learn in Chapter 5, NDS is the heart of NetWare 5.1's enterprise solution. Keeping it running smoothly should be your #1 priority.
Chapter 6: NetWare 5.1 Advanced Security Management — Next, we will explore advanced security management using public key cryptography and the NetWare 5.1 Novell Certificate Server. This server process natively integrates public key authentication and encryption mechanisms into NDS and enables you to mint, issue, and manage both user and server certificates. In this chapter, we will study the basic fundamentals of public key cryptography and learn how the Novell Certificate Server can help you extend communication security within NetWare 5.1. In addition, we will learn how to install the Certificate Server and manage security objects using the Java-based ConsoleOne tool.
Chapter 7: NetWare 5.1 Optimization — Finally, we will complete Part I (and our review of Novell Course 570) with the "Final Frontier" of NetWare 5.1 optimization. As a certified network administrator, you will learn how to optimize NetWare using two important tools: monitoring with MONITOR.NLM and optimization with SET commands. Remember, balance is the key. Server performance, reliability, and security must live in cohesive harmony.
This completes our brief tour of Part I, "NetWare 5.1 Advanced Administration." As you can see, we will soon be managing our network in style. But before we can manage anything, we must build the NetWare 5.1 server. This is where the journey begins.
In this chapter, we will learn what it takes to build a NetWare 5.1 server. We will skip hardware assembly (that's the easy part) and jump straight into software installation. This is where the CNE journey begins.
Have a great trip!
NetWare 5.1 can be installed using a variety of installation, upgrade, and migration methods. Only the Basic installation method is covered in this chapter. With this method, NetWare 5.1 can be installed from scratch. In other words, it assumes that the target computer does not contain any programs or data that must be retained.
Before You Begin
Unlike earlier versions of NetWare, you no longer need to decide whether to perform a Simple or Custom installation before you begin. Instead, you simply install the NetWare 5.1 operating system, then choose whether or not to customize any parameters at the end of the process.Tip: When performing the lab exercises in this book, it is imperative that you use a nonproduction server (that is, a practice server) in an isolated tree. You should use nonproduction workstation(s), as well.
The NetWare 5.1 Installation program provides the following features:
The Novell Installation Wizard — This program uses a Java-based graphical user interface (GUI) during the later stages of server installation. (The earlier stages of the process still use a text-mode interface.)
Automatic Hardware Detection and Selection of Drivers — The Installation program attempts to auto-detect platform support modules, PCI Hot Plug support modules, storage adapters, storage devices (such as hard disks, CD-ROMs, and tape units), and local area network (LAN) adapters.
Batch Support — This feature enables you to install one server and then use the same profile to install other servers.
Multiple Protocol Support — This feature enables you to choose IPX-Only, Pure IP, or both.
Version Checking — This feature ensures that only the latest files are copied to the server.
Before you can install NetWare 5.1, you must ensure that your server satisfies a minimum set of hardware requirements. Keep in mind that these are just minimum requirements — the recommended values are considerably higher.
Minimum Hardware Requirements
Here are the minimum and recommended hardware requirements (the recommended requirements are in parentheses) for a NetWare 5.1 server:
A server-class PC with a Pentium II or higher processor
A VGA or higher-resolution display adapter (SVGA with VESA support recommended)
128MB of RAM for standard products; 256MB if you install both standard NetWare products and WebSphere Application Server for NetWare (with 512MB recommended); 512MB for all products, including Oracle8
50MB DOS partition with 35MB of available space (256MB recommended for core dump)
750MB free disk space on the SYS: volume for standard NetWare products; 1.3GB on the SYS: volume if you install both standard NetWare 5.1 products and WebSphere Application Server for NetWare
One or more network boards
The appropriate network cabling (Ethernet, Token Ring, FDDI, ARCnet, baseband, and so on) and related components (hubs, uninterruptible power supplies, and so on)
A CD-ROM drive that can read ISO 9660-formatted CD-ROM disks (if NetWare 5.1 is being installed from a CD-ROM). (Note: Bootable CD-ROM drives must meet the El Torito specification for booting CD-ROMs from multiple operating systems.)
(Optional, but recommended) PS/2 or serial mouse
Basic NetWare 5.1 server installation consists of multiple steps in four stages. Following is a brief preview of the four stages:
Stage 1: Getting Started
Stage 2: Text-Based Input Screens
Stage 3: GUI Input Screens
Stage 4: Customization
It all starts in Stage 1, where you perform preinstallation tasks and run INSTALL.BAT. Then in Stage 2, you get to attack the text-mode portion of the installation process, including choosing the type of installation, indicating server settings, selecting regional settings, modifying selected drivers, creating the NetWare partition and SYS: volume, and mounting the SYS: volume.
Once you've built the foundation of the NetWare 5.1 server, it's time to plug in the key functional components. Next, in Stage 3, you build on the text-based platform with some GUI-mode tasks, including naming the server, configuring the file system, selecting networking protocols, indicating DNS settings, choosing the server time zone, installing NDS, and installing NLS. Finally, in Stage 4, you finish the installation by selecting additional products and services (in the case of a Custom installation) and customizing server parameters (if desired).
Tip: In this chapter, we'll use the local CD-ROM method for all installation options, because it's the most common method.
NetWare 5.1 Installation
To install NetWare 5.1, you'll need to complete the tasks listed in the following sections that discuss Stages 1 through 4.
Stage 1: Getting Started
In the first installation stage, you'll prepare the server for installation and execute the main Installation program — INSTALL.BAT.
Stage 2: Text-Based Input Screens
In the second stage, we'll build the foundation of the server using a text-based interface. This early server foundation consists of regional configurations, disk drivers, LAN drivers, one or more NetWare 5.1 partitions, and the SYS: volume.
Stage 3: GUI Input Screens
In Stage 3, we will establish networking protocols, an NDS context, and licensing authentication. In this stage, we will leave the boring text-mode world and switch to a Java interface. Although a mouse is recommended, you can use keystrokes to navigate through the Installation program.
Stage 4: Customization
In the fourth and final stage, you are given the choice to install additional products and services and/or to customize numerous operating system parameters....