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Jones & Bartlett Learning
Nurse As Educator / Edition 4

Nurse As Educator / Edition 4

by Susan B. Bastable


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781449697501
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication date: 07/23/2013
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 716
Sales rank: 247,001
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.70(d)

About the Author

Chair and Professor, Department of Nursing, Le Moyne College

Table of Contents

Foreword xix

Preface xxi

Acknowledgments xxiii

Contributors xxv

About the Author xxvii

Part 1 Perspectives on Teaching and Learning 1

1 Overview of Education in Health Care Susan B. Bastable Melissa F. Alt 3

Historical Foundations for Patient Education in Health Care 5

The Evolution of the Teaching Role of Nurses 8

Social, Economic, and Political Trends Affecting Health Care 10

Purposes, Goals, and Benefits of Client and Staff Education 12

The Education Process Defined 13

The Contemporary Role of the Nurse as Educator 15

Barriers to Teaching and Obstacles to Learning 19

Questions to Be Asked About Teaching and Learning 24

State of the Evidence 24

Summary 26

References 27

2 Ethical, Legal, and Economic Foundations of the Educational Process M. Janice Nelson Melissa F. Alt 31

A Differentiated View of Ethics, Morality, and the Law 34

Evolution of Ethical and Legal Principles in Health Care 35

Application of Ethical Principles to Patient Education 37

The Ethics of Education in Classroom and Practice Settings 44

Legality of Patient Education and Information 48

Documentation 49

Economic Factors in Healthcare Education: Justice and Duty Revisited 52

Financial Terminology 52

Cost Savings, Cost Benefit, and Cost Recovery 54

Program Planning and Implementation 55

Cost-Benefit Analysis and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis 56

State of the Evidence 57

Summary 58

References 59

3 Applying Learning Theories to Healthcare Practice Margaret M. Braungart Richard G. Braungart Pamela R. Gramet 63

Psychological Learning Theories 66

Neuropsychology and Learning 88

Comparison of Learning Theories 90

Motor Learning 93

Common Principles of Learning 100

State of the Evidence 103

Summary 104

References 106

Part 2 Characteristics of the Learner 111

4 Determinants of Learning Sharon Ritchie 113

The Educator's Role in Learning 114

Assessment of the Learner 115

Assessing Learning Needs 116

Methods to Assess Learning Needs 121

Readiness to Learn 124

Learning Styles 133

Learning Style Models and Instruments 134

Interpretation of the Use of Learning Style Models and Instruments 154

State of the Evidence 156

Summary 157

References 158

5 Developmental Stages of the Learner Susan B. Bastable Gina M. Myers 165

Developmental Characteristics 167

The Developmental Stages of Childhood 168

The Developmental Stages of Adulthood 189

The Role of the Family in Patient Education 208

State of the Evidence 210

Summary 211

References 213

6 Compliance, Motivation, and Health Behaviors of the Learner Eleanor Richards 217

Compliance 218

Motivation 221

Selected Models and Theories 232

Models for Health Education 242

The Role of Nurse as Educator in Health Promotion 245

State of the Evidence 246

Summary 246

References 248

7 Literacy in the Adult Client Population Susan B. Bastable Gina M. Myers Leigh Bastable Poitevent 255

Definition of Terms 260

Scope and Incidence of the Problem 265

Trends Associated with Literacy Problems 268

Those at Risk 269

Myths, Stereotypes, and Assumptions 271

Assessment: Clues to Look For 273

Impact of Illiteracy on Motivation and Compliance 274

Ethical, Financial, and Legal Concerns 276

Readability of Printed Education Materials (PEMs) 279

Measurement Tools to Test Literacy Levels 281

Formulas to Measure Readability of PEMs 281

Tests to Measure Comprehension of PEMs 284

Tests to Measure General Reading Skills and Health Literacy Skills of Clients 286

Simplifying the Readability of PEMs 289

Strategies to Promote Health Literacy 296

State of the Evidence 300

Summary 303

References 305

8 Gender, Socioeconomic, and Cultural Attributes of the Learner Susan B. Bastable Deborah L. Sopczyk 313

Gender Characteristics 315

Socioeconomic Characteristics 324

Cultural Characteristics 328

Assessment Models for the Delivery of Culturally Sensitive Care 330

The Four Major Subcultural Ethnic Groups 337

Preparing Nurses for Diversity Care 354

Stereotyping: Identifying the Meaning, the Risks, and the Solutions 355

State of the Evidence 358

Summary 359

References 361

9 Educating Learners with Disabilities Deborah L. Sopczyk 369

Scope of the Problem 371

Models and Definitions 372

The Language of Disabilities 373

The Nurse Educator's Roles and Responsibilities 374

Types of Disabilities 376

Sensory Deficits 376

Learning Disabilities 387

Developmental Disabilities 393

Mental Illness 398

Physical Disabilities 400

Communication Disorders 402

Chronic Illness 407

The Family's Role in Chronic Illness or Disability 408

Assistive Technologies 409

State of the Evidence 411

Summary 412

References 414

Part 3 Techniques and Strategies for Teaching and Learning 421

10 A Behavioral Objectives Susan B. Bastable Melissa F. Alt 423

Types of Objectives 425

Characteristics of Goals and Objectives 425

The Debate About Using Behavioral Objectives 427

Writing Behavioral Objectives and Goals 429

Common Mistakes When Writing Objectives 433

Taxonomy of Objectives According to Learning Domains 433

Development of Teaching Plans 448

Use of Learning Contracts 453

The Concept of Learning Curve 457

State of the Evidence 462

Summary 463

References 465

11 Instructional Methods and Settings Kathleen Fitzgerald Kara Keyes 469

Instructional Methods 471

Selection of Instructional Methods 497

Evaluation of Instructional Methods 499

Increasing Effectiveness of Teaching 500

Instructional Settings 506

State of the Evidence 508

Summary 509

References 511

12 Instructional Materials Diane Hainsworth Kara Keyes 517

General Principles 519

Choosing Instructional Materials 520

The Three Major Components of Instructional Materials 520

Types of Instructional Materials 522

Evaluation Criteria for Selecting Materials 549

State of the Evidence 552

Summary 553

References 555

13 Technology in Education Deborah L. Sopczyk 559

Health Education in the Information Age 561

The Impact of Technology on the Teacher and the Learner 564

Strategies for Using Technology in Healthcare Education 566

The Internet 580

Issues Related to the Use of Technology 588

Technology for Professional Development in Nursing 591

State of the Evidence 595

Summary 595

References 597

14 Evaluation in Healthcare Education Priscilla Sandford Worral 601

Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practice, and Practice-Based Evidence 603

Evaluation Versus Assessment 604

Determining the Focus of Evaluation 604

Evaluation Models 606

Designing the Evaluation 616

Conducting the Evaluation 628

Analyzing and Interpreting Data Collected 628

Reporting Evaluation Results 630

State of the Evidence 631

Summary 632

References 633

Appendix A Tests To Measure Readability and Comprehension and Tools to Assess Instructional Materials 637

How to Use the Flesch-Kincaid Scale 637

How to Use the Fog Formula 638

How to Use the Fry Readability Graph 639

How to Use the SMOG Formula 639

How to Use the Cloze Test 642

Guidelines for Writing and Evaluating Printed Education Materials 647

Newest Vital Sign 648

e-Health Literacy Scale (eHeals Tool) 651

References 652

Appendix B Resources and Organizations for People with Disabilities 653

Assistive Technology 653

Augmentations and Alternative Communication 654

Blindness 654

Deafness 655

Developmental Disabilities 655

Disability Services 656

Head Injury 656

Healthcare-Related Federal Agencies 656

Learning Disabilities 657

Mental Health 657

Neuromuscular Disorders 658

Spinal Cord Injury 659

Stroke 659

Appendix C Teaching Plans 661

Post-circumcision Care 661

Safe Sleep Positioning of Infants 662

Use of Incentive Spirometer 663

Glossary 667

Index 689

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