ISBN-10:
1284110044
ISBN-13:
9781284110043
Pub. Date:
12/27/2016
Publisher:
Jones & Bartlett Learning
Nursing Research: Reading, Using And Creating Evidence / Edition 4

Nursing Research: Reading, Using And Creating Evidence / Edition 4

by Janet Houser
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781284110043
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication date: 12/27/2016
Pages: 502
Sales rank: 80,934
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author


Provost, Professor,, Rueckert-Hartman College for Health Professions, Regis University, Denver, Colorado

Table of Contents

Preface xv

Acknowledgments xviii

Contributors xix

About the Author xx

Part I An Introduction to Research 1

1 The Importance of Research as Evidence in Nursing 3

Research as Evidence for Nursing Practice 3

What Is Nursing Research? 5

Research: A Fundamental Nursing Skill 5

The Evolution of Research in Nursing 6

Contemporary Nursing Research Roles 9

Research Versus Problem Solving 11

Research as Evidence in Nursing Practice 13

Evidence-Based Practice 13

The Importance of Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing 16

How Can Evidence Be Used in Health Care? 17

Strategies for Implementing Evidence-Based Practice 19

Strategies for Overcoming Barriers 20

Reading Research for Evidence-Based Practice 21

Using Research in Evidence-Based Practice 22

Creating Evidence for Practice 26

Future Directions for Nursing Research 26

Summary of Key Concepts 27

For More Depth and Detail 28

References 29

2 The Research Process one Ways of Knowing 31

Introduction 31

The Research Process 32

Classification of Research by Philosophical Assumptions About the Nature of the World 34

Choosing a Design 38

Classifications of Research by the Intent of the Researcher 40

Classifications of Research by the Nature of the Design 41

Classifications of Research by the Time Dimension 42

Reading Research for Evidence-Based Practice 43

Using Research in Evidence-Based Practice 44

Creating Evidence for Practice 45

Summary of Key Concepts 46

For More Depth and Detail 46

References 47

3 Ethical and Lego I Considerations in Research 49

Introduction 49

Learning from the Past, Protecting the Future 50

International Guides for the Researcher 53

National Guidelines for the Nurse Researcher 54

The Ethical Researcher 57

Legal and Regulatory Guidelines for Conducting Research 62

Institutional Review Boards 66

Research Involving Animals 70

Research Misconduct 71

The HIPAA Privacy Rule 72

Reading Research For Evidence-Based Practice 74

Using Research in Nursing Practice 75

Creating Evidence for Practice 75

Summary of Key Concepts 76

For More Depth and Detail 77

References 78

Part II Planning for Research 81

4 Finding Problems and Writing Questions 83

Introduction 83

Finding and Developing Research Problems 89

Developing the Research Question 95

Reading Research for Evidence-Based Practice 102

Using Research in Evidence-Based Practice 103

Creating Evidence for Practice 104

Summary of Key Concepts 106

For More Depth and Detail 107

References 108

5 The Successful Literature Review 109

An Introduction to the Literature Review 109

Purpose, Importance, and Scope of the Literature Review 111

Types of Literature Used in the Review 111

Searching for the Evidence in a Research Problem 112

Competencies for Information literacy 115

Reading the Literature Review Section 116

Using Evidence-Based Literature in Nursing Practice 117

Creating a Strong Literature Review 121

Summary of Key Concepts 128

For More Depth and Detail 129

References 130

6 Selecting on Appropriate Research Design 131

Introduction 131

What Is a Design? 133

The Basis for Design Selection 133

The Design Decisions 135

Reading Research for Evidence-Based Practice 146

Using Research in Evidence-Based Practice 149

Creating Evidence for Practice 150

Summary of Key Concepts 151

For More Depth and Detail 152

References 153

Part III Research Process 155

7 The Sampling Strategy 157

Introduction 157

Selection Strategy: How Were the Subjects Chosen? 160

The Sample Selection Strategy 161

Reading the Sampling Section of a Research Study 176

Using Research as Evidence for Practice 177

Creating an Adequate Sampling Strategy 179

Summary of Key Concepts 183

For More Depth and Detail 184

References 185

8 Measurement and Data Collection 189

Introduction 189

Measurement 190

The Measurement Strategy 192

Strategies to Minimize Measurement Error 201

Collecting Data Using Instruments 209

Data Management Procedures 218

Reading About Measurement and Data Collection 218

Using Measurements from a Research Study 219

Creating Measures and Collecting Data 221

Summary of Key Concepts 224

References 226

9 Enhancing the Validity of Research 229

Introduction 229

Minimizing Threats to Internal Validity 231

Factors That Jeopardize Internal Validity 236

Factors That Jeopardize External Validity 240

Balancing Internal and External Validity 243

Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research 243

Strategies to Promote the Validity of Qualitative Research 244

Reading a Research Study to Determine Validity 246

Using Valid Studies as Evidence for Nursing Practice 247

Creating a Valid Research Study 248

Summary of Key Concepts 250

For More Depth and Detail 251

References 252

Part IV Research That Describes Populations 255

10 Descriptive Research Questions and Procedures 257

Introduction 257

Descriptive Research Studies 259

Characteristics of a Descriptive Design 260

Describing Groups Using Surveys 261

Describing Groups Relative to Time 264

Describing the Responses of Single Subjects 269

Designs That Describe Relationships 275

Reading Descriptive Research 280

Using Descriptive Research in Evidence-Based Nursing Practice 283

Creating Descriptive Research 285

Summary of Key Concepts 286

References 287

11 Summarizing and Reporting Descriptive Data 289

Introduction 289

An Overview of Descriptive Data Analysis 291

Understanding Levels of Measurement 292

Identifying Shape and Distribution 293

Describing the Center and Spread 298

Common Errors in Summarizing Data 310

Reading the Descriptive Data Section in a Research Study 312

Using Descriptive Data Analysis in Practice 314

Creating Descriptive Data Summaries for a Research Study 315

Reporting Descriptive Results 317

Summary of Key Concepts 318

References 319

Part V Studies that Measure Effectiveness 321

12 Quantitative Questions and Procedures 323

Introduction 323

Quantitative Research Questions 325

Characteristics of a Quantitative Design 326

The Gold Standard: Experimental Design 329

More Common: Quasi-Experimental Designs 332

Designs That Focus on Intact Groups 335

Time-Series Designs 340

Reading Quantitative Research 342

Using Quantitative Research in Evidence-Based Nursing Practice 344

Generalizing the Results of Quantitative Studies 345

Creating Quantitative Research 345

Summary of Key Concepts 348

References 350

13 Analysis and Reporting of Quantitative Data 351

Introduction 352

Some General Rules of Quantitative Analysis 353

Types of Quantitative Analysis 353

An Overview of Quantitative Analysis 355

Selecting the Appropriate Quantitative Test 361

Reading the Analysis Section of the Research Report 372

Using Quantitative Results as Evidence for Practice 377

Creating a Quantitative Analysis 377

Summary of Key Concepts 379

References 380

Part VI Research That Describes the Meaning of an Experience 383

14 Qualitative Research Questions and Procedures 385

An Introduction to Qualitative Research 385

Characteristics of Qualitative Research Methods 390

Enhancing the Trustworthiness of Qualitative Studies 393

Classifications of Qualitative Traditions 396

Reading Qualitative Research Studies 407

Using Qualitative Research Studies as Evidence 408

Creating Qualitative Evidence 412

Summary of Key Concepts 414

References 416

15 Analyzing and Reporting Qualitative Results 419

Introduction to Qualitative Analysis 419

The Qualitative Analysis Process 424

Management and Organization of Data 424

Software for Qualitative Analysis 431

Reliability and Validity: The Qualitative Version 433

Reporting Qualitative Results 435

Reading the Qualitative Analysis Section of a Report 436

Using Qualitative Analysis in Nursing Practice 437

Creating Qualitative Analyses 439

Summary of Key Concepts 441

References 442

Part VII Research Translation 445

16 Translating Research into Practice 447

Introduction 447

The Nurse's Role in Knowledge Translation 449

Identifying Problems for Knowledge Translation 450

Communicating Research Findings 451

Finding and Aggregating Evidence 458

Models for Translating Research into Practice 468

Summary of Key Concepts 476

References 477

Glossary 479

Index 489

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