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Jones & Bartlett Learning
Nutrition In Public Health / Edition 3

Nutrition In Public Health / Edition 3

by Sari Edelstein
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Thoroughly revised and updated, Nutrition in Public Health explores the complex, multifaceted array of programs and services that exist in the United States today that are dedicated to bettering population health through improved nutrition. The Fourth Edition explores the subject by first considering how nutrition fits into public health and then by examining policymaking, assessment and intervention methods, special populations, food security, and program management.

New & Key Features of the Fourth Edition:

NEW - Includes a new chapter on Grantwriting
NEW - New Case Studies, added to each chapter, help reinforce key concepts an apply them to real-world scenarios
UPDATED - An updated chapter flow better alligns to course offerings
Learning Objectives establish the chapter's desired outcomes to the reader
Issues for Discussion questions allow readers to apply what has been learned in each chapter and assess their understanding of the conten

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900763777912
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication date: 09/13/2010
Edition description: 3
Pages: 428
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Professor, Retired, Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Simmons College

Table of Contents

Preface viii

Acknowledgments xi

Contributors xii

Case Study Contributors xiii

Reviewers xiv

Part I Applying Nutrition in public Health 1

1 Applying Nutrition Science to the Public's Health Carol E. O'Neil, PhD, MPH, RD, LDN Theresa A. Nicklas, DrPH 3

Introduction 4

Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Nutritionists 5

Peer-Reviewed Literature and Evidence-Based Practice 5

Nutrition Monitoring 10

Epidemiologic Studies 16

Metabolic Diet Studies 19

Clinical Trials 20

Animal Studies 20

Healthy People 2020 20

Nutrient Requirements 21

Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion 23

Dietary Guidelines for Americans 23

MyPlate, MyWins 24

Healthy Eating Index 26

The Food Label 27

Conclusion 29

Issues for Discussion 30

Online Resources 30

2 Nutritional Epidemiology: An Introduction Lisa S. Brown, PhD, RD, LDN Elisabeth Offenberger, MS, RD 38

Introduction 39

Overview of Epidemiology 39

Overview of Nutritional Epidemiology 39

Types of Study Designs Used in Nutritional Epidemiology 41

Guidelines for Causality 44

General Considerations in Nutritional Epidemiologic Studies 47

The Role of Nutritional Epidemiology in Public Health 48

Conclusion 48

Issues for Discussion 49

Practical Activities 49

Online Resources 49

Part II Shaping the Policies that Affect the Public's Health 53

3 Creating Public Policy and Advocating for Nutrition Policies Jody L. Vogelzang, PhD, RDN, FAND, CHES 55

Introduction 56

Characteristics of Public Policy 56

U.S. Public Health Policy 57

Policy formulation 59

Policy Creation at the Federal Level 61

Policy Development at All Levels of Government: Federal, State, and Local 62

Advocating and Influencing Health and Nutrition Policies 67

Importance of Building an Infrastructure of Support 70

Advocacy Activities and Skills for Individuals 70

The Future of Public Health 71

Conclusion 71

Issues for Discussion 71

Practical Activities 71

Online Resources 72

4 Role of the Federal Agencies in Public Health Nutrition Sari Edelstein, PhD, RDN 74

Introduction 75

Overview of Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services 75

Overview of the Food Safety and Inspection Service 77

Overview of Research, Education, and Economics 77

History of Nutrition Education at the USDA 83

Food and Drug Administration 87

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 87

Environmental Protection Agency 88

Conclusion 89

Issues for Discussion 90

Practical Activities 90

Online Resources 91

Part III Assessing and Intervening in the Community's Nutrition Needs 93

5 Community Needs Assessment Elizabeth Metallinos-Katsaras, PhD, RDN Katherine Deren, MS 95

Introduction 96

Community Needs Assessment: Definition and Overview 96

Steps to Conduct a Community Needs Assessment 97

Conclusion 111

Issues for Discussion 112

Practical Activities 112

Online Resources 113

6 Planning and Evaluating Nutrition Services for the Community Julie M. Moreschi, MS, RDN, LDN 115

Introduction 116

Project Models 117

Intervention Mapping 123

Community Health Assessment and Group Evaluation (CHANGE) 124

Program Implementation 125

Determining Team Membership 125

Health Program Evaluation 127

Conclusion 129

Issues for Discussion 130

Practical Activities 130

Online Resources 130

7 Serving Those at Highest Nutritional Risk Rachel Colchamiro, MPH, RD, LDN Jan Kallio, MS, RD, LDN 133

Introduction 134

Defining High-Risk Factors 134

Improving Services to At-Risk Families 144

Conclusion 144

Issues for Discussion 147

Practical Activities 147

Online Resources 148

8 Intervening to Change the Public's Eating Behavior Brandy-Joe Milliron, PhD Margaret-Claire Chenault, MS Dana Dychtwald, MS 150

Introduction 151

The Obesity Epidemic 151

Current Eating Trends 153

Changing Eating Behavior 156

Conclusion 174

Issues for Discussion 174

Practical Activities 174

Online Resources 175

Part IV Promoting the Public's Nutritional Health 183

9 Growing a Healthier Nation: Maternal, Infant, Child, and Adolescent Nutrition with an Emphasis on Childhood Overweight Shortie McKinney, PhD, RDN, LDN, FADA 185

Introduction 186

Healthy People 2020 Objectives 186

Maternal Health 186

Preconceptional Period 188

Infancy 192

Childhood and Adolescence 195

Overweight in Children from a Public Health Perspective 209

Environmental Influences on Children Who Are Overweight 211

Public Health Initiatives 212

Opportunities for Public Health Nutritionists to Intervene and Prevent Overweight in Children 214

Conclusion 216

Issues for Discussion 217

Online Resources 218

10 Importance of Public Health Nutrition Programs in Preventing Disease and Promoting Adult Health Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, DSc, MD 225

Introduction 226

Chronic Diseases: The Leading Causes of Death and Disability 226

Prevention Strategies 227

Dietary Guidelines for Disease Prevention 230

Diet and Health: Nutrition Strategies Health Determinants and Risk Factors 232

Policies and Programs 244

Conclusion 245

Issues for Discussion 245

Practical Activities 245

Online Resources 246

11 Promoting Older Adult Nutrition Andrea T.K. Roche, MS, RDN, LDN 252

Introduction 253

Unique Features of Baby Boomers 254

State of Health of the Older Adult Population 255

Health Insurance and Screening 256

Aging-in-Place 257

Wellness Screening and Interventions 257

Nutrition Support Services for Older Adults 258

Other Public Health Nutrition Interventions 263

The Future 264

Conclusion 265

Issues for Discussion 265

Practical Activities 265

Online Resources 266

12 Providing Nutrition Services Public Health Primary Care Lauren Melnick, MS, RDN, LDN 269

Introduction 270

Room for Nutrition in Primary Care 270

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality 272

Barriers to Providing Nutrition Services in Primary Care and Strategies for Increasing Services 274

Systemwide Change Strategies for Reducing the Cost of Medical Care 276

Chronic Disease Management and Self-Management 276

Summary of Health Insurance Plans 278

Representative Programs That Deliver Nutrition Services in Primary Care Settings 280

Health Resources and Services Administration, Bureau of Primary Health Care 283

Conclusion 287

Issues for Discussion 287

Practical Activities 288

Online Resources 290

Part V Protecting the Public's Nutritional Health 293

13 Food Security and Adequate Food Access for the Public David H. Holben, PhD, RDN, LD, FAND 295

Introduction 296

Measuring the Food Security Status of the Public 296

Food Security in the United States 300

Impact of Food Insecurity on the Public 304

Strategies to Assist the Public in Securing Adequate Food 305

Conclusion 305

Issues for Discussion 306

Practical Activities 306

Online Resources 306

14 Safeguarding and Securing the Food Supply Rebecca Kahn, MA 310

Introduction 311

Food Safety Defined 311

Protecting the Food Supply 312

Food Safety Laws 314

Hazards to Food Safety 318

Food Safety in the 21st Century 329

Food as a Target 330

Public Health Preparedness for Food Biosecurity 332

Food Biosecurity Triad: Food Systems Security, Public Health Vanguard, and Consumer Engagement 337

From Awareness to Security 344

Conclusion 345

Issues for Discussion 346

Practical Activities 346

Online Resources 347

Part VI Managing Programs 361

15 Grant Writing in Public Health Nutrition Kathleen Cullinen, PhD, RDN 363

Introduction 364

General Revenue 365

Third-Party Reimbursement 367

Public Health Department Accreditation 367

Developing Skills in Grant Writing 367

Preparing Your Grant Application 368

Data in Grant Writing for Program Planning and Evaluation 370

Analysis of Quantitative Data 375

Data in Program Management and Evaluation 376

Nutrition Monitoring and Surveillance 377

Protection of Human Subjects 377

Data Compilation 378

Prior to Submitting Your Grant Proposal 379

Conclusion 380

Issues for Discussion 380

Practical Activities 380

Title of Proposed Project: Farm to Family 381

Online Resources 383

16 Staffing, Managing, and Leading Public Health Nutrition Personnel Esther Okeiyi, PhD, RDN, LDN 385

Introduction 386

The Role of a Public Health Nutrition Director/Manager 386

Conclusion 402

Issues for Discussion 402

Practical Activities 402

Online Resources 403

17 Leveraging Nutrition Education Through the Public Health Team Deepa Arora, PhD 405

Introduction 406

Modifying Nutrition-Related Behavior 406

Definition of Nutrition Education 406

Impact of Nutrition Education 406

The Nutrition Education Team 409

Education Programs 412

National Initiatives to Promote Nutrition Education 413

Teamwork 414

Conclusion 416

Issues for Discussion 416

Practical Activities 416

Online Resources 417

Part VII Surviving in a Competitive World 419

18 Networking for Nutrition and Earning Administrative Support Sharon Gallagher, MEd, RD, LDN 421

Introduction 422

Networks, Alliances, Coalitions, and Consortiums 422

Collaborating with Others for Nutrition Networks 423

Developing a Community-Based Nutrition Network 425

Professional Networking 425

Earning Administrative Support 427

The Administration's Perspective 427

Understanding the Agency Vision and Strategic Plan 428

Synergizing with the Strategic Plan 428

Partnering to Achieve Shared Goals 429

Relations with the Policy Board 429

Communications with the Media 429

Conclusion 431

Issues for Discussion 431

Practical Activities 431

Online Resources 432

19 Marketing Nutrition Programs and Services Debra A. Silverman, MS, RDN 433

Introduction 434

Business Marketing Versus Social Marketing 434

Marketing Research 435

Primary Data 436

Market Segmentation 437

The Social Marketing Mix 438

Evaluation 443

Marketing Ethics 443

Conclusion 444

Issues for Discussion 444

Practical Activities 445

Online Resources 445

20 Striving for Excellence and Envisioning the Future Jennifer Hughes, MS 448

Introduction 449

Importance of Professional Development 451

Future Challenges in Public Health Nutrition 453

Conclusion 454

Issues for Discussion 454

Practical Activities 454

Online Resources 455

References 455

Appendix A Helpful Nutrition Web Sites 456

Appendix B State Health Department Web Sites 458

Appendix C Comprehensive Case Study 459

Appendix D List of Abbreviations 461

Glossary 462

Index 469

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