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Cengage Learning
Nutrition Through the Life Cycle / Edition 4

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle / Edition 4

by Judith E. Brown
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This book covers nutrition science at every stage of the human life cycle, beginning with preconceptional nutrition. For each life cycle phase, one chapter discusses normal nutrition, and another addresses clinical nutrition. Case studies illustrate the application of theoretical concepts. Appendixes include growth charts, BMI charts for adults, and information concerning nutrition intakes of adults aged 70 and older. The authors are nutritionists, epidemiologists, and pediatricians. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900538733419
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 06/09/2010
Series: Available Titles CourseMate Series
Edition description: OE
Pages: 624
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Judith E. Brown is a nutrition researcher, writer and speaker who provides consultation services to the food and pharmaceutical industries as well as government health programs. As a professor emeritus of the Division of Epidemiology and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Minnesota, she successfully obtained and completed large, competitively funded research grants related to nutrition and health. Her areas of expertise include scientific advising on new product development, advising on product evaluation studies, public speaking to professional groups, consumer-oriented publications on topics specific to health and nutrition, and expert opinion papers on safety and efficacy of nutrients, neutraceuticals and fortified products. Dr. Brown has more than 30 years of instructional experience in the field of nutrition and has written more than 100 research articles for publication. An avid researcher and an exceptional writer and teacher, she is one of the most influential and respected authors in the field.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Nutrition Basics1
Principles of the Science of Nutrition2
Nutritional Assessment29
Public Food and Nutrition Programs31
Nationwide Priorities for Improvements in Nutritional Health31
Chapter 2Preconception Nutrition35
Preconception Overview36
Reproductive Physiology37
Sources of Disruptions in Fertility40
Nutrition-Related Disruptions in Fertility41
Nutrition and Contraceptives46
Other Preconceptual Nutrition Concerns47
Model Preconceptional Nutrition Programs49
Chapter 3Preconception Nutrition
Conditions and Interventions53
Premenstrual Syndrome54
Obesity and Fertility55
Eating Disorders and Fertility56
Diabetes Mellitus Prior to Pregnancy56
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome58
Inborn Errors of Metabolism58
Chapter 4Nutrition During Pregnancy61
The Status of Pregnancy Outcomes62
Physiology of Pregnancy66
Embryonic and Fetal Growth and Development73
Pregnancy Weight Gain80
Nutrition and the Course and Outcome of Pregnancy83
Model Nutrition Programs for Risk Reduction in Pregnancy101
Chapter 5Nutrition During Pregnancy
Conditions and Interventions107
Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy108
Diabetes in Pregnancy113
Multifetal Pregnancies121
Hiv/Aids During Pregnancy127
Eating Disorders in Pregnancy129
Nutrition and Adolescent Pregnancy130
Evidence-Based Practice131
Chapter 6Nutrition During Lactation135
Benefits of Breastfeeding136
Breastfeeding Goals for the United States138
Lactation Physiology139
Breast Milk Supply and Demand142
Human Milk Composition144
The Breastfeeding Infant148
Maternal Diet151
Maternal Energy Balance and Milk Composition152
Factors Influencing Breastfeeding Initiation and Duration154
Breastfeeding Promotion, Facilitation, and Support156
Public Food and Nutrition Programs160
Model Breastfeeding Promotion Programs162
Chapter 7Nutrition During Lactation
Conditions and Interventions169
Common Breastfeeding Conditions170
Maternal Medications172
Hyperbilirubinemia and Jaundice177
Breastfeeding Multiples180
Infant Allergies180
Human Milk and Preterm Infants181
Medical Contraindications to Breastfeeding183
Human Milk Collection and Storage184
Model Programs
Chapter 8Infant Nutrition191
Assessing Newborn Health192
Infant Development194
Energy and Nutrient Needs197
Physical Growth200
Feeding in Early Infancy202
Development of Infant Feeding Skills203
Nutrition Guidance210
Common Nutritional Problems and Concerns211
Cross-Cultural Considerations215
Vegetarian Diets215
Nutrition Intervention for Risk Reduction216
Chapter 9Infant Nutrition
Conditions and Interventions221
Infants at Risk222
Energy and Nutrient Needs223
Common Nutrition Problems227
Preterm Infants and Infants with Special Health Care Needs229
Severe Preterm Birth229
Infants with Chronic Illness232
Feeding Problems235
Nutrition Interventions237
Nutrition Services238
Chapter 10Toddler and Preschooler Nutrition241
Tracking Toddler and Preschooler Health242
Normal Growth and Development242
Physiological and Cognitive Development244
Energy and Nutrient Needs250
Common Nutrition Problems252
Prevention of Nutrition-Related Disorders255
Dietary and Physical Activity Recommendations258
Nutrition Intervention for Risk Reduction264
Public Food and Nutrition Programs
Chapter 11Toddler and Preschooler Nutrition
Conditions and Interventions269
Who are Children with Special Health Care Needs?270
Nutrition Needs of Toddlers and Preschoolers with Chronic Conditions271
Growth Assessment272
Feeding Problems273
Nutrition-Related Conditions274
Dietary Supplements and Herbal Remedies278
Sources of Nutrition Services279
Chapter 12Child and Preadolescent Nutrition283
Tracking Child and Preadolescent Health284
Normal Growth and Development285
Physiological and Cognitive Development of School-Age Children286
Energy and Nutrient Needs of School-Age Children290
Common Nutrition Problems290
Prevention of Nutrition-Related Disorders in School-Age Children291
Dietary Recommendations295
Physical Activity Recommendations298
Nutrition Intervention for Risk Reduction300
Public Food and Nutrition Programs301
Chapter 13Child and Preadolescent Nutrition
Conditions and Interventions307
"Children are Children First"--What Does That Mean?308
Nutrition Requirements of Children with Special Health Care Needs308
Growth Assessment310
Nutrition Recommendations311
Nutrition-Related Conditions314
Dietary Supplements and Herbal Remedies319
Sources of Nutrition Services319
Chapter 14Adolescent Nutrition325
Nutritional Needs in a Time of Change326
Normal Physical Growth and Development326
Normal Psychosocial Development329
Health and Eating-Related Behaviors During Adolescence330
Energy and Nutrient Requirements of Adolescents334
Nutrition Screening, Assessment, and Interventions340
Physical Activity and Sports346
Promoting Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Behaviors348
Discussion Points351
Chapter 15Adolescent Nutrition
Conditions and Interventions355
Overweight and Obesity356
Special Concerns Among Adolescent Athletes357
Adolescent Pregnancy360
Substance Use363
Dietary Supplements364
Iron Deficiency Anemia365
Eating Disorders367
Children and Adolescents with Chronic Health Conditions373
Chapter 16Adult Nutrition383
Year 2010 Health Objectives384
Physiological Changes Overall384
Common Nutritional Concerns: Maintaining a Healthy Body387
Dietary Recommendations391
Nutrient Recommendations397
Physical Activity Recommendations403
Nutrition Intervention for Risk Reduction403
Chapter 17Adult Nutrition
Conditions and Interventions409
Importance of Nutrition410
Heart Disease/Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD)411
Overweight and Obesity417
Chapter 18Nutrition and the Elderly421
A Picture of the Aging Population: Relevant Vital Statistics423
Theories of Aging425
Physiological Changes426
Nutritional Risk Factors429
Dietary Recommendations431
Nutrient Recommendations433
Physical Activity Recommendations433
Nutrition Policy and Intervention for Risk Reduction444
Community Food and Nutrition Programs446
Chapter 19Nutrition and the Elderly
Conditions and Interventions451
Nutrition and Health452
Nutrition-Related Conditions452
Insulin Resistance Syndrome (Metabolic Syndrome)460
Oral Health465
Gastrointestinal Diseases466
Mental Health and Cognitive Disorders469
Obesity and Low Body Weight/Underweight470
Vitamin B[subscript 12] Deficiency471
Foodborne Illness and Food Safety473
Appendix ACDC Growth Charts481
Appendix BBMI Charts for Adults with Silhouettes489
Appendix CNutrient Intakes of Adults Aged 70 and Older490

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