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Oil Crisis of 1973-1974: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1
     

Oil Crisis of 1973-1974: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

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by Karen R. Merrill
 

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ISBN-10: 0312409222

ISBN-13: 9780312409227

Pub. Date: 02/20/2007

Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's


In a year that saw both the formal end to the Vietnam War and the unfolding of the Watergate scandal, the oil crisis of 1973-1974 dealt a critical blow to the American psyche. After decades of wealth and prosperity, stagflation and gas shortages hit Americans in their own pockets. They faced hard questions about a national culture of consumption that had ravaged

Overview


In a year that saw both the formal end to the Vietnam War and the unfolding of the Watergate scandal, the oil crisis of 1973-1974 dealt a critical blow to the American psyche. After decades of wealth and prosperity, stagflation and gas shortages hit Americans in their own pockets. They faced hard questions about a national culture of consumption that had ravaged the environment and left the U.S. dangerously dependent on foreign oil -- and at the mercy of nations who could and would use oil as a political weapon. Karen Merrill offers a thorough examination of this watershed event with a collection of primary sources ranging from industry and government memos to contemporary news coverage and political cartoons. Her introduction provides historical perspective on U.S.-Middle East relations, as well as insights into oil's role in shepherding in a new era of environmental awareness within the American consumer culture. Useful pedagogical tools include questions for consideration, a chronology of events, and a bibliographic essay.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780312409227
Publisher:
Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
02/20/2007
Series:
Bedford Cultural Editions Series
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
192
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.29(h) x 0.34(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
List of Illustrations

PART ONE

Introduction: A Brief History of Oil
The United States as Oil Producer The Global Search for Oil Oil, Enemies, and the Postwar World American Oil Consumption and Environmental Politics The Oil Crisis and Its Legacy Conclusion

PART TWO

The Documents
1. The United States and the Middle East before the Crisis
1. The U.S. Government and Oil Industry React to the Formation of OPEC, 1960
Telegram from the Embassy in Iraq to the Department of State, September 15, 1960
Memorandum of Discussion at the 460th Meeting of the National Security Council,

September 21, 1960
Memorandum of Conversation: Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) Views on the

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, October 19, 1960
2. Henry Moses, Situation in the Middle East, October 27, 1969
3. U.S. News and World Report, The Changing Geopolitics of the World's Oil, April

14, 1969
4. Report of OPEC Meeting with Oil Company Executives, January 21, 1972

2. The Oil Crisis and the Oil Weapon
5. James Akins, The Oil Crisis: This Time the Wolf is Here, April 1973
6. William Casey, International Ramifications of the Energy Situation, May 1973
7. Oliphant, "…But First, Let's Hear Your Position on the Alaska Pipeline and

Independent Gas Distributors!" July 2, 1973
8. Economist, The Radical Specter of Libya, May 10, 1973
9. National Review, Confronting Libya, September 28, 1973
10. Ranan R. Lurie, "The Arab Oil Barons Set the Pace," September 17, 1973
11. Aramco Executives, Memorandum to President Nixon, October 12, 1973
12. Time, Unsheathing the Political Weapon, October 29, 1973
13. Richard Nixon, The Energy Emergency, November 7, 1973
14. Robert Zschiesche, "I Want You to Lower Your Thermostat," December 3, 1973
15. Experiencing the Oil Squeeze, November–December 1973

U.S. News and World Report, Mideast Oil Stops Flowing -- and U.S. Feels First

Pinch, November 19, 1973
Time, The New Highway Guerillas, December 17, 1973
16. Citizens Respond to the Oil Crisis, January 1974
Berkshire Eagle, Is the Crisis for Real? January 3, 1974
Berkshire Eagle, Is Oil a Public Utility? January 11, 1974
Berkshire Eagle, Lighting the Way for the New Year? January 7, 1974
17. New York Times, Running Out of Gas, January–February 1974
William Robbins, 37 Gallons Possible as Monthly Gas Ration, January 21, 1974
Peter Kihss, Worried Drivers Swamp Stations Selling Gasoline, February 5, 1974

3. Oil, Consumption, and the Environment
19. David Perlman, America the Beautiful? November 4, 1969
20. Norman Podhoretz, Doomsday Fears and Modern Life, October 1971
21. John Noble Wilford, Questioning Economic Growth, July 8, 1971
22. Time, "The Big Car: End of the Affair," December 3, 1973
23. Anthony Wayne Smith, The Oil Shortage, February 1974

4. The Aftermath of the Oil Crisis
24. Tony Auth, "I Dub Thee, ‘Problem,’" March 11, 1974
25. Miles Ignotus, Seizing Arab Oil, March 1975
26. Zuhayr Mikdashi, The OPEC Process, 1976
27. Jimmy Carter, Two Responses to the Energy Crisis, April 1977 and January 1980
The Energy Problem: Address to the Nation, April 18, 1977
The Carter Doctrine: State of the Union Address, January 23, 1980
28. Republican Party Platform, Position on Energy, July 15, 1980
29. Ronald Reagan, National Energy Policy Plan, July 17, 1981

5. The Legacy of the Oil Crisis
30. Bill McKibben, The Climate Crisis, 1989
31. National Security Council, Oil and National Security Interests, August 20, 1990
32. The SUV: Master or Monster of the Road? 1999
Jerry Edgarton, I Want My SUV, October 1, 1999
Susan Ellicott, Big Wheels, March 6, 1999
33. Testimony before Congress About Fuel Efficiency, 2000
Daniel F. Becker, Sierra Club, Testimony before House Committee on Resources,

April 12, 2000
Josephine S. Cooper, Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, Testimony before

House Committee on Ways and Means, June 13, 2001
34. Neela Banerjee, Saudi Oil after 9/11, October 21, 2001
35. Eric C. Evarts, That ‘70s Auto Show, January 11, 2005
36. George W. Bush, Discussion of Hurricane Effects on Energy Supply, September

26, 2005
37. John Sherffius, "The Other Storm Surge," August 30, 2005

Appendixes
A Chronology of Events Related to the Oil Crisis of 1973–1974
Questions for Consideration Selected Bibliography

Index

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