Old Industrial Cities Seeking New Road Of Industrialization: Models Of Revitalizing Northeast China: Models of Revitalizing Northeast China

Old Industrial Cities Seeking New Road Of Industrialization: Models Of Revitalizing Northeast China: Models of Revitalizing Northeast China

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Overview

This book aims to investigate how cities in China's rust belt restructure their urban industries and economies. Over the years, China's “economic miracle” has been mainly attributed to rapid development in its coastal region, where the majority of research into the country's development has originated from. Development in the rest of China seems to be attracting relatively scant research attention, especially in China's rust belt. In fact, the urban industrial restructuring process is an ongoing process in inland China, notably in the recent decade in terms of the scope, scale and speed of restructuring.

The old industrial cities in northeast China (Manchuria) were the cradle of China's industrialization and had significantly contributed to the industrialization of the nation during the Mao era. Deng's open door policy and economic reform disadvantaged the region and left it behind others. In the context of market economy and competition from rapidly growing coastal areas, northeast China became the burden to China's overall economic development. With a high concentration of state-owned heavy industries, cities in this region suffered from heavy losses in revenue and massive layoffs of millions of former state-owned enterprise workers, known as the “Northeast Phenomenon” or “Neo-Northeast Phenomenon”. The once towering economic giant was down. Such a “phenomenon” is not uncommon in other “rust belt” regions in industrialized economies.

However, since the implementation of the Chinese Government's “Revitalisation Strategy of Northeast China” in 2003, cities in northeast China have gone through various transformations. Their recent economic performance has made many Chinese economists predict that northeast China will become China's new growth engine and catch up with the economic performance of other prosperous regional economies such as the Pearl River Delta, Lower Yangtze River Delta and Beijing-Tianjin region.

This book investigates how cities in northeast China are shaking off their economic disadvantages and implementing various forms of restructuring in their industries. The authors identify six different reindustrialization models, namely Shenyang Tiexi Model — repacking old industries; Dalian Model — beyond the China's coast development model; Daqing Model — extension of industrial chain; Fuxin Model — modern agro-processing saved the coal mining city from “ghost town”; Jilin city — low carbon-oriented model; and Central Liaoning Urban Cluster Model — negotiated/agreed industrial division. All these models will be explained through analysis of their approaches, key actors, and mechanisms.

Contents:
  • Introduction: Urban “Catch Up” Strategies for China's “Rust Belt” Region
  • From Mao's Pet to Deng's Burden
  • Revitalization Strategies of Old Industrial Cities Under Hu
  • Shenyang Tiexi Model — Repacking Old Industries
  • Dalian Model — Beyond the China's Coast Development Model
  • Daqing Model — Extension of Industrial Chain
  • Fuxin Model — Modern Agro-Processing Saved the Coal Mining City From “Ghost Town”
  • Jilin City — Low Carbon-Oriented Model
  • Central Liaoning Urban Cluster Model — Negotiated Industrial Division

Readership: Researchers, academics, graduates, 3rd and 4th year undergraduates who are interested in revitalization strategies of old industrial cities in China, economic and industrialization development and China's urban labor market, such as hukou, housing, urban welfare programs, minimum wage, etc.; policy makers who seek to comprehend the changes taking place within China.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789814405805
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/22/2013
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 252
File size: 7 MB

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements ix

1 Introduction: Revitalization of China's Industrial Cradle 1

1 The "Northeast Phenomenon" 4

2 The Existing Transformation Models for Resource-Dependent and Heavy Industrial Cities 6

3 Northeast Revitalization as a Part of China's Modernization 9

2 From Mao's Pet to Deng's Burden 15

1 Introduction 15

2 Industrialization in "New" China and the Development of the Northeast Old Industrial Base 16

3 Historical Implications and Contributions of the Northeast Old Industrial Base 20

4 The Northeast Phenomenon and its Causes 24

5 Theoretical Explanation of the Deterioration of Northeast Region 29

3 Revitalization Strategies of Old Industrial Cities under Hu: Overview 33

1 Introduction 33

2 Revitalization Policies 35

3 Achievements of Northeast Revitalization Strategy 45

4 Conclusion 68

4 Tiexi's Reborn: The Revitalization of the City's Old Industrial Zone 71

1 The Development Process and Historical Contribution of Tiexi District, Shenyang City 72

2 The Causes of the Deterioration in Shenyang's Tiexi District 77

3 The Formation of the Tiexi Model 79

4 Impact of the Tiexi Model 86

5 Implications of the Tiexi Model 89

5 Dalian Coastal New Industrial Base Development Model 93

1 Introduction 93

2 Development Conditions for the Dalian Model 94

3 Formation of the Dalian Model 98

4 Discussion: Problems and Potentials 103

6 Daqing Model of Industrial Chain Extension 107

1 Introduction 107

2 Background 109

3 Conditions for Industrial Chain Extension in Daqing 114

4 Pathway of Industrial Chain Extension 116

5 Participants and Functions 121

6 Achievements 129

7 Problems and Challenges 133

8 Potentials 135

9 Conclusion and Discussion 137

7 Economic Transformation and Continuous Industry Development Model of Fuxin City 141

1 Introduction 141

2 Background 142

3 Coal Mining City's Economic Transformation Progress 145

4 Organizational Operation of the Transformation Model 157

5 Outcome of Industrial Transformation 159

8 Jilin City's Low Carbon Economy 163

1 Introduction 163

2 Background 166

3 The Major Measurements to Lower Carbon Emission 173

4 Discussion 179

9 Regional Integration Development in Central Liaoning Urban Agglomeration 181

1 Introduction 181

2 Establishing Mayor and Secretary Joint Meeting System, and Forming Regional Integral Government Aid Mechanism 182

3 Establishment of Shenyang City's Position of Leadership 186

4 Joint Planning in the Implementation Region 188

5 Strengthening Industry Specialization 191

6 Establishing New Growth Space, Promoting Space Integration Development 195

7 The Inspiration on Regional Integration Development 200

10 Towards a Northeast China Model? 205

References 211

Index 235

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