On Religion / Edition 1

On Religion / Edition 1

by Karl Marx
Pub. Date:
Oxford University Press, USA
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On Religion / Edition 1

When Karl Marx declared religion the opium of the people, he voiced a central tenet of the philosophy that bears his name. In this collection of essays and letters by Marx and his colleague, Friedrich Engels, the founders of Marxism discuss their perspectives on the origins and essence of religion. These writings constitute the theoretical basis of proletarian Marxist atheism.

The authors trace the rise of religious belief from primitive humans' struggles to explain natural phenomena to the modern-day exploitation of the working classes. They explore the role of religion in social structure, defining it as a method of oppressing the masses, who surrender their hopes for earthly fulfillment in exchange for dreams of paradise. The philosophers further examine the conflict between science and religion, illustrating the church's long-standing opposition to the development of scientific thought. Written between the 1840s and the 1890s, the essays and letters appear in chronological order and include editorial notes. Students of history and political science will find this volume a thought-provoking introduction to Marxist theory.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780891305996
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 01/28/1964
Series: AAR Classics in Religious Studies Series , #3
Edition description: REPRINT
Pages: 384
Product dimensions: 7.90(w) x 5.40(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword to Thesis: The Difference Between the Natural Philosophy of Democritus and the Natural Philosophy of Epicurus Written in 1841   Karl Marx     13
The Leading Article of No. 179. of Kolnische Zeitung (Rheinische Zeitung, Nos. 191, 193 and 195; July 10, 12, 14, 1842, Beilage)   Karl Marx     16
Contribution to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right. Introduction (Deutsch-Franzosische Jahrbucher, 1844)   Karl Marx     41
The Holy Family, or Critique of Critical Criticism. Against Bruno Bauer and Co. d) Critical Battle Against French Materialism (Extract from Chapter VI) Written in 1844   Karl Marx   Frederick Engels     59
Theses on Feuerbach Written in 1845   Karl Marx     69
German Ideology (From Chapter I) Written in 1845-46   Karl Marx   Frederick Engels     73
The Communism of the Paper Rheinischer Beobachter. (Extract) (Deutsche-Brusseler-Zeitung, No. 73, September 12, 1847)   Karl Marx     82
Manifesto of the Communist Party. (Extracts from Chapters II and III) Written in 1847-48   Karl Marx   Frederick Engels     88
Review of G. Fr. Daumer's the Religion of the New Age, An Attempt at a Combinative and Aphoristic Foundation, 2 Vols., Hamburg, 1850 (Neue Rheinische Zeitung. Politisch-okonomische Revue, No. 2, 1850)   Karl Marx   Frederick Engels     90
The Peasant War in Germany (Chapter II) (Neue Rheinische Zeitung. Politisch-okonomische Revue, No. 5-6, 1850)   Frederick Engels     97
Engels to Marx, Approx. May 24, 1853     119
Marx to Engels, June 2, 1853     121
Engels to Marx, June 6, 1853     124
Anti-Church Movement-Demonstration in Hyde Park (Neue Oder-Zeitung, June 28, 1855)   Karl Marx     127
Capital, Book I. (Extracts)   Karl Marx     135
Frederick Engels, Emigrant Literature. (Extract from the Second Article) (Volksstaat, June 26, 1874)     142
Critique of the Gotha Programme (Extract) Written in 1875   Karl Marx     144
Anti-Duhring (Extracts) Written in 1878   Frederick Engels     145
Dialectics of Nature (Extracts) Written in 1873-86   Frederick Engels     152
Introduction     152
Natural Science in the Spirit World     175
The Part Played by Labour in the Transition from Ape to Man (Extract)     188
Notes and Fragments     189
Bruno Bauer and Early Christianity (Der Sozialdemokrat, May 4 and 11, 1882)   Frederick Engels     194
The Book of Revelation (Progress, Vol. 2, London, 1883)   Frederick Engels     205
Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy Written in 1886   Frederick Engels     213
Juristic Socialism (Die Neue Zeit, 1887, pp. 49-62)   Frederick Engels     269
Engels to Bloch, September 21-22, 1890     273
Engels to C. Schmidt, October 27, 1890     278
Introduction to the English Edition of Socialism: Utopian and Scientific Written in 1892   Frederick Engels     287
On the History of Early Christianity (Die Neue Zeit, Vol. 1, 1894-95, pp. 4-13 and 36-43)   Frederick Engels     316
Notes     348
Name Index     360
Index of Biblical and Mythological Names     379
Short Subject Index     380

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