While Said focused on the perceptions and stereotypes of the Near East Oriental in England, France and the United States, most of these essays study the decentering interplay between peripheral areas of the Third World, semiperipheral areas (Spain and Portugal since the second part of the seventeenth century), and marginalized social groups of the globe (Chicanos, African Americans, and Filipino Americans). They explore, for example, how China and the Far East in general are imagined and represented in Latin America and the Caribbean, or how ethnic minorities in the United States, such as Chicanos and African Americans, incorporate Filipino characters in their novels or creolize their music with Chinese influences. As the title of this book suggests, sometimes these peripheral areas and social groups talk back to the metropolitan centers of the former empires or look for their mediation, while others they avoid the interference of the First World or of hegemonic social groups altogether in order to address other peripheral peoples directly, thus creating rich South-South cross-cultural flows and exchanges. The main difference between the imperialistic orientalism studied by Said and this other type of global cultural interaction is that while, in their engagement with the Orient, they may be reproducing certain imperialistic fantasies and mental structures, typically there is not an ethnocentric process of self-idealization or an attempt to demonstrate cultural, ontological, or racial superiority in South-South intellectual and cultural exchanges. This way to de-center or to provincialize Europe-pace Dipesh Chakrabarty-disrupts the traditional center-periphery dichotomy, bringing about multiple and interchangeable centers and peripheries, whose cultures interact with one another without the mediation of the European and North American metropolitan centers.
|Publisher:||Cambridge Scholars Publishing|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 8.20(h) x 1.40(d)|
About the Author
Ignacio Lopez-Calvo is a Professor of literature at the University of California, Merced. He is the author of Written in Exile. Chilean Fiction from 1973-Present (2001); Religion y militarismo en la obra de Marcos Aguinis 1963-2000 (2002); Trujillo and God: Literary and Cultural Representations of the Dominican Dictator (2005); and Imaging the Chinese in Cuban Literature and Culture (2007). In addition, he has edited the book Alternative Orientalisms in Latin America and Beyond (2007) and co-edited Caminos para la paz: literatura israeli y arabe en castellano (2008).