Oratio Obliqua, Oratio Recta: An Essay on Metarepresentation

Oratio Obliqua, Oratio Recta: An Essay on Metarepresentation

by Francois Recanati

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262681162
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 08/28/2000
Series: Representation and Mind series
Pages: 380
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi
I Iconicity 1(44)
Three Principles
3(10)
Extensionality
3(3)
Innocence
6(3)
Iconicity
9(4)
'That'-Clauses as Singular Terms
13(12)
Iconic Names
13(3)
Innocence Lost
16(3)
Innocence Regained? (1) 'That'-Clauses as Directly Referential Expressions
19(2)
Innocence Regained? (2) 'That'-Clauses as Complex Singular Terms
21(4)
Metarepresentational Operators
25(20)
Davidson on Quotation and Indirect Speech
25(4)
Prior's Adverbial Analysis
29(4)
Higher-Level Predication
33(2)
To Reify or Not to Reify
35(4)
Substitutivity
39(6)
II Simulation 1: Circumstance-Shifting 45(66)
Simulation and Beyond
47(16)
Two Approaches
47(2)
The Simulation Theory
49(2)
Conditionals and Simulation (1)
51(4)
Conditionals and Simulation (2)
55(2)
The Post-Simulative Mode
57(6)
Austinian Semantics
63(14)
Austinian Propositions
63(2)
Projection and Reflection
65(3)
Situations, Facts, and Worlds
68(2)
Imaginary Situations
70(4)
The Analysis of Metarepresentations: A First Sketch
74(3)
The Double Nature of Situations
77(16)
A World of Situations
77(2)
Perner's 'Multiple Models'
79(2)
Stages in Mental Development: A Digression
81(3)
σ-Structures
84(4)
Circumstance-Shifting as Simulation: Buhler's Theory
88(5)
World-Shifting
93(18)
Heterogeneous σ-Structures
93(4)
Conditionals and Metarepresentations
97(3)
Compositionality and Polysemy
100(4)
Revising the Analysis
104(4)
Conclusion
108(3)
III Opacity 111(54)
Introduction
113(8)
The Classical View
113(2)
Extensional Substitution Failures
115(2)
Intensional Substitution Failures
117(4)
Metarepresentational Ambiguities
121(16)
Relational versus Notional
121(2)
Scope Ambiguities in Belief Sentences
123(4)
Singular Terms in Belief Sentences
127(3)
The Ambiguity of the De Re/De Dicto Distinction
130(4)
Conclusion
134(3)
Opaque Uses, Transparent Mentions
137(14)
Two Forms of Mention
137(2)
Hybrid Uses
139(1)
'Giorgione'
140(3)
Pure Referentiality and Transparency
143(3)
Transparency and Substitutability
146(5)
Metarepresentational Opacity: An Innocent Account
151(14)
Introduction: Looking for Dependent Expressions
151(2)
'That'-Clauses as Dependent Expressions
153(2)
Metarepresentational Prefixes as Dependent Expressions
155(2)
The Context-Sensitivity of Metarepresentational Prefixes
157(3)
Opacity, Substitution, and Quantification
160(5)
IV Context-Shifting and Oratio Recta 165(46)
Context-Shifting
167(14)
World, Context, and Rigid Designation
167(3)
Imaginary Contexts
170(2)
Kaplan's Thesis
172(3)
Do Opaque Metarepresentations Shift the Context?
175(3)
Kaplan's Thesis and Oratio Recta
178(3)
Oratio Recta
181(12)
Open and Closed Quotations
181(2)
The Semantic Inertia of Closed Quotations
183(1)
Amending Davidson's Analysis
184(2)
How Inert Is the Quoted Material?
186(3)
The Quotational Pole
189(4)
Varieties of Semi-Quotation
193(18)
Metalinguistic Negation
193(3)
Do the Attitudinals Have a Metalinguistic Use?
196(2)
Opacity and Mixed Quotation: The Cumulative Account
198(4)
Noncumulative Instances of Mixed Quotatio
202(5)
Failure of a Strategy
207(4)
V Simulation 2: Context-Shifting as Pretense 211(48)
Metafictional Statements
213(14)
Free Context-Shifts in Complex Sentences
213(2)
Empty Singular Terms: The McDowell Analysis
215(3)
The Meinongian Pretense
218(3)
A Pretense-Theoretic Perspective
221(3)
The Truth-Conditions of Metafictional Statements
224(3)
Untrasposed Indexicals in (Free) Indirect Speech
227(14)
The Szuyska Counterexample
227(2)
Context-Shifting in Free Indirect Speech
229(2)
Providing an Internal Perspective
231(1)
Pretense-cum-Betrayal
232(2)
Quotational Intrusions Again
234(7)
Partial Pretense
241(18)
Intra-Sentential Context-Shifts
241(3)
Mapping Characters onto Characters
244(4)
The Modest Strategy
248(3)
Partial Pretense: Semantics or Pragmatics?
251(4)
Context-Shifting versus Circumstance-Shifting
255(4)
VI Deference and Metarepresentation 259(58)
Deferential Belief
261(26)
Translinguistic Context-Shifts
261(3)
Sperber on Quasi-Belief
264(2)
Belief and Acceptance
266(4)
The Deferential Operator
270(4)
Are Quasi-Beliefs Real Beliefs?
274(13)
Appendix: Reply to Woodfield
281(6)
Echoic Uses: A Unified Account
287(18)
Three Types of Echo
287(5)
Real Contexts and Kaplanian Contexts
292(3)
The Context-Dependence of Context-Dependence
295(4)
Deference and Context-Shift
299(4)
Cumulative Echoes: A Reanalysis
303(2)
Mixed Quotation and Opacity
305(12)
Cumulative Mixed Quotation: Two Analyses
305(3)
Echoes with and without Enrichment
308(3)
Opacity without Echo
311(3)
Sources of Opacity
314(3)
Notes 317(20)
References 337(12)
Index 349

What People are Saying About This

John Perry

This is a terrific book. recanati brings some new ideas and principles to a field that already seemed to have too many ideas and principles. But then he manages to put them all together. His approach isn't to slash through the Gordian knot at the center of the topic of attitude reports, but to untie it. One great virtue of the book is its originality. Another is Recanati's devotion to explaining clearly and honestly the arguments and considerations that lead him to this theoretical decisions. A great book for a seminar not only for the arguments but for the model of clear and detailed thought it provides.

Robert Stalnaker

Recanati's book offers a distinctive and original perspective on central problems in the philosophy of language.

James Pustejovsky

Recanati's scholarship is sound, and the territory he charts here is fresh and challenging. This is an important contribution to the semantics of context-shifting.

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