More than 10 years after the "First European Symposium on Organic Micropollutants in the Aquatic Environment", the "Sixth Symposium" was held in Lisbon (Portugal) from 22 to 24 May 1990. The Symposium was organised within the framework of the Concerted Action COST 641 * which is included in the Fourth R&D Programme on the Environment of the Commission of the European Communities expiring at the end of 1990. After restructuring the Concerted Action in 1984, particular attention has been devoted to fate and transformation of organic micropollutants in the aquatic environment. Therefore, a major aim of the Symposium was to review current studies and progress in these areas, besides more general aspects related to analytical methodologies and behaviour of pollutants during water treatment processes. This volume contains the plenary papers presented in the following sessions at the Symposium: - Multidisciplinary studies - Partitioning of organic micropollutants in the aquatic environment - Novel analytical techniques in environmental chemistry - Monitoring micropollutant - Degradation of organic micropollutants during field conditions - Reclamation of polluted ground water - Chemical and photochemical oxidation - Future of environmental chemistry. In addition, extended versions of posters are included, covering the four topics which are dealt within the four Working Parties forming the structure of the Concerted Action: 1. Analytical methodologies 2. Transport and distribution 3. Transformation reactions 4. Water treatment. We believe that the Proceedings give a good overview of current activities in these fields of research in Europe.
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1991|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)|
Table of ContentsSession I - Multidisciplinary Studies.- Field data versus modelling. Why environmental sciences need both.- Field testing of transport models for organic chemicals in surface and subsurface water.- The transport and fate of organic pollutants in rivers. II - Field measurement and modelling for styrene, xylenes, dichlorobenzenes and 4-phenyl-dodecane.- Environmental applications of chemometrics - envirometrics.- Session II - Partitioning of Organic Micropollutants in the Aquatic Environment.- Sorption kinetics of micropollutants from suspended particles: experimental observations and modelling.- Bioaccumulation kinetics: experimental data and modelling.- Bioaccumulation of nonylphenol in caged mussels in an industrial coastal area on the Swedish West coast.- Transport and distribution of DDT and PCB in the upper Sado estuary, and accumulation in oysters: importance of runoff.- Herbicide losses in runoff from the agricultural area of Thessaloniki in Thermaikos Gulf, N. Greece.- Session III - Novel Analytical Techniques in Environmental Chemistry.- The role of capillary GC - Hyphenated techniques in water analysis.- Supercritical fluid extraction of chlorinated compounds and other pollutants.- Application of AMD to the determination of crop-protection agents in drinking water - Fundamentals and method.- Session IV - Monitoring Micropollutant.- Liquid chromatographic strategies for the determination of pesticides in the aquatic environment.- Multiresidue analysis of pesticides in drinking water and related samples.- Chemical Analysis as a cyclic procedure (a chain is only as strong as its weakest link).- Session V - Degradation of Organic Micropollutants During Field Conditions.- Microbial degradation of mixtures of aromatic compounds at low concentrations under aerobic conditions.- Microbial aspects of the behaviour of chlorinated compounds during soil passage.- Session VI - Reclamation of Polluted Ground Water.- In situ biorestoration of a subsoil, contaminated with gasoline.- Bioremediation of chlorophenol-contaminated ground water.- Synergic behaviour of microorganisms able to degrade halogenated organic substances.- Session VII- Chemical and Photochemical Oxidation.- Photochemical processes in water and their stimulation for the degradation of organic micropollutants.- Removal of nitrogenous pesticides by direct and radical type ozonation.- The effect of ozonation and biological filtration on the removal of cyanobacterial toxins.- Session VIII - Future of Environmental Chemistry.- Global aspects of the environmental fate of organic micropollutants.- Environmental problems in a long term perspective.- EC policy in the field of water.- Poster Session I - Analytical Methodologies.- Carboxylic biointermediates of LAS and NPEO: synthesis, characterization and RP-HPLC determination.- Dual Column chromatography in a standard gas chromatograph.- Identification of volatile organic compounds in urban and industrial effluents discharged at Sado estuary.- The evaluation of three solvent extraction techniques for the isolation of n-herbicides from drinking-and surface water.- Two interlaboratory studies on volatile organic hydrocarbons.- Determination of nitroaromatics in water using substance specific detection modes.- HPLC with Diode-Array-Detection - a new multi-method in the determination of pesticides in drinking water.- GC determination of chlorophenoxy acids in minor polluted waters.- Multi-component analysis of pesticides in water samples by HPLC. Rapid extraction and neutral/acid fractionation by a carbopack cartridge.- FAB mass spectrometric applications to the study of non volatile organic compounds in water.- Determination of organotin miticides in water and vegetables.- Field measurement of volatile organic chemicals by membrane inlet mass spectometry.- Extraction and analysis of organic micropollutants in river water.- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.- Identification and behaviour of iodinated haloform medicinal odor.- Contribution of the differential pulse polarography (DPP) to the analysis of nitrated and nitrosated micropollutants in waters.- Determination of chloroacetic acids in surface water.- Evaluation of a simple method for the determination of monoaromatic hydrocarbons in surface water.- An inexpensive method for the determination of organic carbon in sludges and sediments.- Poster Session II - Transport and Distribution.- MASAS - Modelling of anthropogenic substances in aquatic systems on personal computers.- Organochlorine compounds in water, sediments and bivalves from Ria Formosa (Portugal).- Infiltration of organic pollutants into groundwater: field studies in the alluvial aquifer of the Sava River.- Pentachlorophenol - a wood preservative - its distribution in an invertebrate food chain.- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the river Meuse basin.- Estimating binding coefficients of chlorinated aromatics and aquatic humic substances from molecular properties.- Distribution of petroleum hydrocarbons in a S.E. Mediterranean coastal area.- Origin of adsorbable organic halogens (AOX) in aquatic environments.- Sorption of trichloroethylene by soil and aquifer solids.- Behaviour of detergent derived organic chemicals in the Glatt river. 1. Alkylphenol polyethoxylates and their metabolites.- Poster Session III - Transformation Reactions.- Reactions of the potent bacterial mutagen “MX” with nucleophiles.- Biotechnology of organic chemicals pollutants: study of a real case.- Fate of organic pollutants in the system of reservoirs of the Ter river supplying water to Barcelona (Spain). A study by GC/MS and FAB mass spectrometry.- Persistence of dichlobenil and dichlorvos in water.- Poster Session IV - Water Treatment.- Investigation and removal of an organic pollutant in a ground water source.- Dechlorination with sodium sulfite: effect on the TOX concentration and the mutagenicity of chlorinated solutions of aquatic humic substances.- Research and behaviour of organic micropollutants in natural ponds of waste water from olive oil production.- Formation of the potent mutagen MX and structurally related compounds by chlorination of phenolic substances.- Formation of chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzo furans during chlorination of aquatic humic substances.- Concluding Remarks.- List of Participants.- Index of Authors.