One of the characteristics of the development of chemical science in the middle of the present century is the vigorous pro gress of the "third chemistry," which is often named now the chemistry of heteroorganic compounds. Then in the last decade, among specialists in this field there has been a marked increase in interest in heteroatomic organic derivatives of silicon, i. e. , heteroorganic silicon compounds. However, until recently this new class of chemical substances, which is extremely interesting theoretically and practically, has been without a single specialized monograph which systematizes and generalizes all progress in the heteroorganic chemistry of silicon. The first attempt in this direction was our book "Heteroorganic Compounds of Silicon" [42 (F), 17 (S) *], which appeared at the end of 1966 and was published as an English translation in the USA in 1969. However, as follows from its subtitle "Derivatives of Inorganic Elements," this mono graph could not cover the whole broad field of the chemistry of heteroorganic compounds of silicon. The main reason for this was above all the abundance and variety of original investigations of organosilicon derivatives of inorganic elements, which was un expected even to the authors themselves. As a result of this the planned length of the book compelled us to omit the sections on organosilicon compounds of phosphorus and sulfur, which had al ready been prepared for publication.
Table of ContentsI. Organosilicon Derivatives of Phosphorus.- 1. Compounds containing the grouping SiOP.- 1.1. Preparation methods.- 1.1.1. Reactions of Halosilanes with Oxygen Acids of Phosphorus, and Their Acid and Neutral Esters and Salts.- 1.1.2. Reactions of Alkoxysilanes and Acyloxysilanes with Oxygen Acids of Phosphorus and Their Esters and Anhydrides.- 1.1.3. Reactions of Alkoxysilanes and Acyloxysilanes with Phosphorus Halides and Acid Halides of Phosphorus Acids.- 1.1.4. Reactions of Silanols and Sodium Silanolates with Phosphorus Compounds.- 1.1.5. Cleavage of Siloxanes by Phosphorus Compounds.- 1.1.6. Reactions of Phosphorus Compounds with Aminosilanes and Silazans.- 1.1.7. Reactions of Hydrosilanes with Phosphorus Acids.- 1.1.8. Synthesis of Alumaphosphonasiloxanes.- 1.2. Physical Properties.- 1.3. Chemical Properties.- 1.4. Analysis Methods.- 1.5. Practical Application.- 2. Compounds Containing the Groupings SiOSP and SiSP.- 3. Compounds Containing the Grouping SiNP.- 3.1. Preparation Methods.- 3.2. Physical Properties.- 3.3. Chemical Properties.- 4. Compounds Containing the Bond SiP.- 4.1. Preparation Methods.- 4.2. Physical Properties.- 4.3. Chemical Properties.- 5. Compounds Containing the Grouping Si(C)n P.- 5.1. Preparation Methods.- 5.1.1. Reactions of Organosilicon Grignard Reagents with Halogen-Containing Phosphorus Compounds.- 5.1.2. Reactions of Haloalkylsilanes with Salts and Esters of Phosphorus Acids.- 5.1.3. Hydrophosphorylation and Hydrosilylation of Unsaturated Organic Compounds of Silicon and Phosphorus.- 5.1.4. Reactions of Tetraorganosilanes, Organochlorosilane s, and (Chloroalkyl)silanes with Phosphorus Halides.- 5.1.5. Synthesis of Organosilicon Ylides of Phosphorus.- 5.1.6. Other Preparation Methods.- 5.2. Physical Properties.- 5.3. Chemical Properties.- 5.4. Practical Application.- 6. Compounds Containing the Groupings Si (C)nOP, Si(C)nSP, Si(C)nNP, and SiO(C)nP.- 6.1. Preparation Methods.- 6.2. Physical and Chemical Properties.- 6.3. Practical Application.- 7. Complex Compounds Containing Si and P Atoms.- Literature Cited in Chapter 1.- 1. Publications of Soviet Authors.- 2. Publications of Foreign Authors.- II. Organosilicon Derivatives of Sulfur.- 1. Compounds Containing the Grouping SiSH (Silanethiols).- 1.1. Preparation Methods.- 1.2. Physical Properties.- 1.3. Chemical Properties.- 2. Compounds Containing the Grouping SiSC (Organothiosilanes).- 2.1. Preparation Methods.- 2.2. Physical Properties.- 2.3. Chemical Properties.- 3. Compounds Containing the Grouping SiSSi (Silthianes).- 3.1. Silicon Disulfide and its Application in the Synthesis of Organosilicon Compounds.- 3.2. Methods of Preparing Organosilicon Compounds containing the Grouping SiSSi.- 3.3. Physical Properties.- 3.4. Chemical Properties.- 4. Compounds Containing the Grouping SiOS.- 4.1. Preparation Methods.- 4.1.1. Reactions of Organosilicon Compounds with Sulfuric Acid.- 4.1.2. Reactions of Organosilicon Compounds with Sulfur Trioxide.- 4.1.3. Synthesis from Arenesulfonic Acids.- 4.1.4. Synthesis from Halosulfonic Acids.- 4.1.5. Synthesis from Salts of Oxygen Acids of Sulfur.- 4.1.6. Other Synthesis Methods.- 4.2. Physical Properties.- 4.3. Chemical Properties.- 5. Compounds Containing the Grouping SiNS.- 6. Compounds Containing the Grouping SiNCS (Isocyanatosilanes).- 6.1. Preparation Methods.- 6.2. Physical Properties.- 6.3. Chemical Properties.- 6.4. Biological Action.- 7. Compounds with the Grouping Si(C)n S.- 7.1. Compounds Containing the Grouping Si (C)n SH (Organosilicon Thiols).- 7.1.1. Preparation Methods.- 7.1.2. Physical Properties.- 7.1.3. Chemical Properties.- 7.2. Compounds Containing the Grouping Si (C)n SC (Organosilicon Sulfides and Their Derivatives).- 7.2.1. Preparation Methods.- 7.2.2. Physical Properties.- 7.2.3. Chemical Properties.- 7.3. Organosilicon Derivatives of Sulfur-Containing Heterocyclic Compounds.- 7.3.1. Preparation Methods.- 7.3.2. Physical Properties.- 7.3.3. Chemical Properties.- 7.4. Compounds Containing the Groupings Si(C)n SCN and Si(C)n NCS (Organosilicon Thiocyanates and Isothiocyanates).- 7.4.1. Preparation Methods.- 7.4.2. Physical Properties.- 7.4.3. Chemical Properties.- 7.5. Organosilicon Sulfonic Acids and Their Derivatives.- 7.5.1. Preparation Methods.- 7.5.2. Physical Properties.- 7.5.3. Chemical Properties and Application.- 8. Compounds Containing the Groupings Si(C)n OS and SiO(C)n S.- 8.1. Preparation Methods.- 8.2. Physical and Chemical Properties.- 9. Organosilicon Compounds of Sulfur Containing Inorganic Elements and Phosphorus.- Literature Cited in Chapter 2.- 1. Publications of Soviet Authors.- 2. Publications of Foreign Authors.- 3. Supplement to Literature for Chapter II.