Henry T. Prinsep (1792-1878) began his career in India with the East India Company in 1807 and worked in various posts, finally being appointed Persian secretary before retiring in 1843. Throughout his career, and into his retirement, he wrote a number of books about India. The present work, however, published in 1834, is a report taken from information gathered by the late political agent at Umbala, Captain William Murray, whose death made it necessary for other officials to ready the work for publication. The report looks at the history of the Sikh people and the rise of Runjeet (Ranjit) Singh (1780-1839). After Singh died, his empire began to weaken, and by 1845 the British were at war with the Sikhs. This work provides a view of the Punjab during a critical point in its history.
Table of ContentsPreface; 1. Affairs of the Punjab on the decline of the Dehlee Sovereignty to the Battle of Paneeput and separation of the territory from Hindoostan; 2. Operations of the Afghans in the Punjab; 3. Feuds and contentions of the Sikhs; 4. The early administration of Runjeet Singh; 5. British arrangements with the chiefs east of the Sutlej; 6. Marriage of Khuruk Singh, the heir-apparent of Runjeet Singh, atttended by Colonel Ochterlony; 7. First expedition of Runjeet Singh against Kashmeer; 8. Second expedition and conquest of Kashmeer; 9. Operations in Peshawur; 10. Mission of Lieutenant Burnes with a present of dray horses for Runjeet Singh; 11. The character and policy of Runjeet Singh; Appendix. On the manners, rules, and customs of the Sikhs William Murray; Index.