In Ornamental Nationalism: Archaeology and Antiquities in Mexico, 1876-1911, Seonaid Valiant examines the Porfirian government’s reworking of indigenous, particularly Aztec, images to create national symbols. She focuses in particular on the career of Mexico's first national archaeologist, Inspector General Leopoldo Batres. He was a controversial figure who was accused of selling artifacts and damaging sites through professional incompetence by his enemies, but who also played a crucial role in establishing Mexican control over the nation's archaeological heritage. Exploring debates between Batres and his rivals such as the anthropologists Zelia Nuttall and Marshall Saville, Valiant reveals how Porfirian politicians reinscribed the political meaning of artifacts while social scientists, both domestic and international, struggled to establish standards for Mexican archaeology that would undermine such endeavors.
|Publisher:||Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.|
|Series:||Brill's Studies in Intellectual History / Brill's Studies on Art, Art History, and Intellectual History , #269|
|Product dimensions:||6.30(w) x 9.45(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Seonaid Valiant, Ph.D. (University of Chicago, History, 2014) is the Curator for Latin American Studies at Arizona State University. Her most recent publication is A Great Rascal: Leopoldo Batres and the Map of Teotihuacán (Mapline, 2017).
Table of Contents
AcknowledgmentsList of FiguresIntroduction Rise of Professionalism Archaeology and Nationalism Artifacts and Authority Overview of the BookPart 11 Nation Building Mexico before the Porfiriato Porfirio Díaz European Influences on the Porfiriato Monumentalism in Mexico Heir to Juárez Heir to the Aztecs Creating the Image of the Nation Symbols of Centralization2 Designing the Porfiriato Mexico in Paris Porfiriopoxtli Policies Assimilation Aztec Patriotism: Sierra and Chavero3 Rag of Barbarism: Aztecs and Mayas in International Thought (1804–1911) Shifting Ideas Baron Alexander von Humboldt Humboldt’s Influence on other Archaeologists Translating the Mayas: John Lloyd Stephens Iroquois of the South: Prescott and Morgan Sacrifice Popular CulturePart 24 The Inspector General and Conservator of Archaeological Monuments Antiquities Leopoldo Batres (1852–1926) Nepotism Batres and the Scholarly Community Batres’s Background Race Hrdlička Manuel Gamio5 Batres in the Field Policing Archaeological Zones Saville Seeks Access Escalerillas: The Street of Staircases The 1902 International Congress of Americanists in New York City Thompson in the Yucatán Batres at Teotihuacán6 Batres Fought with All the World La Isla de Sacrificios: Batres and Nuttall Zelia Nuttall Isla de Sacrificios The National Museum7 The Grand Tour: International Congress of Americanists, Mexico City, 1910 Two Automobiles from Teotihuacán: Corruption Map from Teotihuacán Eugène Boban Batres’s ExitConclusionBibliographyIndex