The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity offers an innovative overview of a period (c. 300-700 CE) that has become increasingly central to scholarly debates over the history of western and Middle Eastern civilizations. This volume covers such pivotal events as the fall of Rome, the rise of Christianity, the origins of Islam, and the early formation of Byzantium and the European Middle Ages. These events are set in the context of widespread literary, artistic, cultural, and religious change during the period. The geographical scope of this Handbook is unparalleled among comparable surveys of Late Antiquity; Arabia, Egypt, Central Asia, and the Balkans all receive dedicated treatments, while the scope extends to the western kingdoms, and North Africa in the West. Furthermore, from economic theory and slavery to Greek and Latin poetry, Syriac and Coptic literature, sites of religious devotion, and many others, this Handbook covers a wide range of topics that will appeal to scholars from a diverse array of disciplines. The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity engages the perennially valuable questions about the end of the ancient world and the beginning of the medieval, while providing a much-needed touchstone for the study of Late Antiquity itself.
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Table of ContentsAcknowledgments List of Contributors List of Illustrations Preface Scott F. Johnson, Georgetown University and Dumbarton Oaks Introduction: Late Antique Conceptions of Late Antiquity Hervé Inglebert, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre-La Défense (Paris X) Part I. Geographies and Peoples 1. The Western Kingdoms, Michael Kulikowski 2. Barbarians: Problems and Approaches, Michael Maas 3. The Balkans, Craig H. Caldwell III, 4. Armenia, Tim Greenwood 5. Central Asia and the Silk Road, Étienne de la Vaissière 6. Syriac and the "Syrians,"Philip Wood 7. Egypt, Arietta Papaconstantinou 8. The Coptic Tradition, Anne Boud'hors 9. Ethiopia and Arabia, Christian Julien Robin Part II. Literary and Philosophical Cultures 10. Latin Poetry, Scott McGill 11. Greek Poetry, Gianfranco Agosti 12. Historiography, Brian Croke 13. Hellenism and its Discontents, Aaron Johnson 14. Education: Speaking, Thinking, and Socializing, Edward Watts 15. Monasticism and the Philosophical Heritage, Samuel Rubenson 16. Physics and Metaphysics, Gregory Smith 17. Travel, Cartography, and Cosmology, Scott Fitzgerald Johnson III. Law, State, and Social Structures 18. Economic Trajectories, Jairus Banaji 19. Agriculture and Other, "Rural Matters," Cam Grey 20. Marriage and Family, Kyle Harper 21. Health, Disease, and Hospitals: The Case of the "Sacred House," Peregrine Horden 22. Concepts of Citizenship, Ralph Mathisen 23. Justice and Equality, Kevin Uhalde 24. Roman Law and Legal Culture, Jill Harries 25. Communication: Use and Reuse, Andrew Gillett Part IV. Religions and Religious Identity 26. Paganism and Christianization, Jaclyn Maxwell 27. Episcopal Leadership, David M. Gwynn 28. Theological Argumentation: The Case of Forgery, Susan Wessel 29. Sacred Space and Visual Art, Ann Marie Yasin 30. Object Relations: Theorizing the Late Antique Viewer, Glenn Peers 31. From Nisibis to Xi'an: The Church of the East across Sasanian Persia, Joel Walker 32. Early Islam as a Late Antique Religion, Robert Hoyland 33. Muhammad and the Qur'an, Stephen J. Shoemaker Part V. Late Antiquity in Perspective 34. Comparative State Formation: The Later Roman Empire in the Wider World, John Haldon 35. Late Antiquity in Byzantium, Petre Guran 36. Late Antiquity and the Italian Renaissance, Christopher Celenza