Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

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Overview

The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world- whether using brain images to establish guilt within a court of law, or developing drugs to enhance cognition.

Historically, any consideration of the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies in science and medicine has lagged behind the discovery of the technology itself. These delays have caused problems in the acceptability and potential applications of biomedical advances and posed significant problems for the scientific community and the public alike - for example in the case of genetic screening and human cloning. The field of Neuroethics aims to proactively anticipate ethical, legal and social issues at the intersection of neuroscience and ethics, raising questions about what the brain tells us about ourselves, whether the information is what people want or ought to know, and how best to communicate it.

A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expect neuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives.

Tackling some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so over the coming decades, The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics will be an essential resource for the field of neuroethics for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists in the neurosciences and psychology, scholars in humanities and law, as well as physicians practising in the areas of primary care in neurological medicine.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199680634
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 04/06/2013
Series: Oxford Library of Psychology
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 920
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 9.70(h) x 2.20(d)

About the Author

Dr. Illes is Professor of Neurology and Canada Research Chair in Neuroethics at the University of British Columbia. She is Director of the National Core for Neuroethics at UBC, and faculty in the Brain Research Centre at UBC and the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute. She also holds affiliate appointments in the School of Population and Public Health and the School of Journalism at UBC, and in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle, WA, USA. Dr. Illes' research focuses on ethical, legal, social and policy challenges specifically at the intersection of the neurosciences and biomedical ethics. This includes studies on stem cells and regenerative medicine, functional neuroimaging in basic and clinical research dementia, addiction, neurodevelopmental disorders and the commercialization of cognitive neuroscience.

Barbara J Sahakian is Professor of Clinical Neuropsychology at the University of Cambridge Department of Psychiatry, and the Medical Research Council/Wellcome Trust Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute. She is also a Clinical Psychologist. She has an international reputation in the fields of cognitive psychopharmacology, neuroethics, neuropsychology, neuropsychiatry and neuroimaging. She is co-inventor of the CANTAB computerised neuropsychological tests, which are in use world-wide. She is probably best known for her research work on cognition and depression, cognitive enhancement using pharmacological treatments, neuroethics and early detection of Alzheimer's disease. She has over 300 publications covering these topics in various scientific journals. Her current programme of research, investigates the neurochemical modulation of impulsive and compulsive behaviour in neuropsychiatric disorders, such as unipolar and bipolar depression.

Table of Contents

Preface, Judy Illes and Barbara J. Sahakian
Foreword, Alan I. Leshner
Consciousness and Intention: Decoding Mental States and Decision Making
Brain Reading: Decoding Mental States from Brain Activity in Humans, John Dylan-Haynes
The Neurobiology of Pleasure and Happiness, Morten Kringelbach and Kent C. Berridge
The Neurobiological Basis of Morality, Christopher Suhler and Patricia Churchland
Development of the Adolescent Brain: Neuroethical Implications for the Understanding of Executive Function and Social Cognition, Monica Luciana
Neural Foundations to Conscious and Volitional Control of Emotional Behaviour: A Mentalistic Perspective, Mario Beauregard
Neural Correlates of Deception, Georgio Ganis and J. Peter Rosenfeld
Understanding Disorders of Consciousness, Camile Chatelle and Steven Laureys
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Covert Awareness, and Brain Injury, Adrian M. Owen
Responsibility and Determinism
Genetic Determinism, Neuronal Determinism, and Determinism Tout Court, Bernard Baertschi and Alexandre Mauron
The Rise of Neuroessentialism, Peter B. Reiner
A Neuroscientific Approach to Addiction: Ethical Concerns, Martina Reske and Martin P. Paulus
The Neurobiology of Addiction: Implications for Voluntary Control of Behaviour, Steven E. Hyman
Neuroethics of Free Will, Patrick Haggard
Mind and Body
Pharmaceutical Cognitive Enhancement, Sharon Morein-Zamir and Barbara J. Sahakian
Cognitive Enhancement, Elisabeth Hildt and Thomas Metzinger
Chemical Cognitive Enhancement: Is it Unfair, Unjust, Discriminatory or Cheating for Healthy Adults to Use Smart Drugs?, John Harris
Cognitive Enhancement in Courts, Anders Sandberg, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Julian Savulescu
Neuroethics and the Extended Mind, Neil Levy
Does Cognitive Enhancement Fit with the Physiology of our Cognition?, Herve Chneiweiss
ADHD: Defining a Spectrum Disorder and Considering Neuroethical Implications, James M. Swanson, Timothy Wigal, Kimberley Lakes, and Nora D. Volkow
Neurotechnology
Why Neuroethicists are Needed, Ruth Fischbach and Janet Mindes
Intersecting Complexities in Neuroimaging and Neuroethics, Carole Federico, Sofia Lombera, and Judy Illes
Pediatric Neuroimaging Research, Michael R. Hadskis and MatthiasH. Schmidt
Ethical Issues in Functional Neurosurgery: Emerging Applications and Controversies, Nir Lipsman and Mark Bernstein
Noninvasive Brain Stimulation as a Therapeutic and Investigative Tool: An Ethical Appraisal, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Felipe Fregni, and Megan S. Steven, and Lachlan Forrow
DBS for Treatment-Resistant Neuropsychiatric Disorders, Debra J.H. Matthews, Peter V. Rabins, and Ben D. Greenberg
The Ethical Issues of Trials of Neural Grafting in Patients with Neurodegenerative Conditions, Roger A. Barker and Alisdair Coles
The Ethics of Nano/Neuro Convergence, George Khushf
Aging and Dementia
Neurobiological and Neuroethical Perspectives on the Contribution of Functional Neuroimaging to the Study of Aging in the Brain, Karima Kahlaoui, Maximiliano Wilson, Ana Ines Ansaldo, Bernadette Ska, and Yves Joanette
Clinical Research on Conditions Affecting Cognitive Capacity, Samia Hurst
Ethical Concerns and Pitfalls in Neurogenetic Testing, Ging-Yuek Robin Hsiung
Neuroethical Issues in Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease, Marilyn S. Albert and Guy M. McKhann
The Neuroethics of Cognitive Reserve, Jerry Samet and Yaakov Stern
Ethical Issues in the Management of Parkinson's Disease, Silke Appel-Cresswell and A. Jon Stoessl
The Other Ethical Challenge of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Adrian J. Ivinson
Future Scoping: Ethical Issues in Ageing and Dementia, Julian C. Hughes
Law and Public Policy
Incidental Findings in Neuroscience Research: A Fundamental Challenge to the Structure of Bioethics and Health Law, Susan M. Wolf
What Will Be the Limits of Neuroscience-Based Mindreading in the Law?, Emily R. Murphy and Henry T. Greely
For the Law, Neuroscience Changes Nothing and Everything, Joshua Greene and Jonathan Cohen
New Directions in Neuroscience Policy, Teneille R. Brown and Jennifer B. McCormick
Women's Neuroethics, Stacey A. Tovino
Public Representations of Neurogenetics, Amy Zarzeczny and Timothy Caulfield
Brain Trust: Neuroscience and National Security in the Twenty-First Century, Jonathan D. Moreno
Science, Society, and International Perspectives
Neuroplasticity, Culture and Society, Bruce E. Wexler
Neuroscience and Neuroethics in the 21st Century, Martha J. Farah
Neuroscience and the Media: Ethical Challenges and Opportunities, Eric Racine
Ethical Issues in Educational Neuroscience: Raising Children in a Brave New World, Zachary Stein, Bruno della Chiesa, Christina Hinton, and Kurt W. Fischer
From the Internationalization to the Globalization of Neuroethics: Some Perspectives and Challenges, Daofen Chen and Remi Quirion
Global Health Ethics, Jessica Evert, Robert Huish, Gary Heit, Evaleen Jones, Scott Loeliger, and Steve Schmidbauer
Ethical Perspectives: Clinical Drug Trials in Developing Countries, Craig van Dyke
Learning about Neuroethics Through Health Sciences Online: A Model for Global Dissemination, Kate Tairyan and Erica Frank
Epilogue: Neuroethics and the Lure of Technology, Joseph J. Fins

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