Oxford Key Concepts for the Language Classroom Focus on Oral Interaction: Focus on Oral Interaction

Oxford Key Concepts for the Language Classroom Focus on Oral Interaction: Focus on Oral Interaction

by Rhonda Oliver, Jenefer Philp


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Referencing classroom-based research, Focus on Oral Interaction looks at the contribution of teacher-student interaction and peer-peer interaction in classrooms, among school-age English language learners.

Key areas covered include formulaic and creative language use, the different ways of scaffolding learning, the use of corrective feedback, the relationship between oral interaction and print literacy, as well as differences that learner aptitude and motivation make to language learning. Additional activities are provided to help teachers relate the content to their own teaching context.

The book includes:

Spotlight Studies, highlighting important research on oral interaction in classrooms.

Classroom Snapshots, featuring descriptions of teachers and students engaged in different approaches to teacher-student interaction and peer-peer interaction in classrooms.

Activities which encourage comparison and reflection, helping you to relate research and theory on oral interaction to your own teaching context.

This book is part of the Oxford Key Concepts for the Language Classroom series, focusing on key topics for teaching English as a second or foreign language. These research-led instructional guides link the theories of second language acquisition and pedagogy with classroom practice, helping you to reflect on what needs to happen in the language classroom.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780194000840
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 03/01/2014
Series: Key Concepts Series
Pages: 144
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Rhonda Oliver is Professor of Education at Curtin University in Western Australia. Jenefer Philp is a Lecturer at Lancaster University, UK.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

Series Editors' Preface xiii

Introduction 1

1 Oral Interaction 3

Preview 3

What Is Oral Interaction? 5

Comparing Speaking and Writing 7

Differences 7

Similarities 8

Oral Interaction Instruction 9

Negotiated Interaction 10

Oral Interaction in Education 12

Skills to Learn 12

Reciprocal Nature of Oral Interaction 13

Context and Oral Interaction 19

BICS and CALP 20

Age of the Learners 22

Summary 22

2 Oral Interaction: Purposes and Possibilities for Learning 25

Preview 25

Linguistic Purposes: Learning Language by Using Language 25

Key Components of Language Learning and Teaching 25

Theories of Second Language Acquisition 27

Contribution of Negotiation for Meaning 35

Corrective Feedback 38

Review 43

Social Nature of Learning 43

Collaboration 43

Different Ways of Scaffolding Learning 45

Social Importance of Interaction for Children and Adolescents 49

Formulaic Language 50

Social Goals 51

Individual Differences 53

Learning Style and Personality Traits 54

Aptitude 55

Motivation 57

Summary 57

3 Oral Interaction in the Primary Classroom Context: Research and Implications for Pedagogy 59

Preview 59

Child Second Language Learners Child development 61

Age and Second Language Acquisition 62

Language Learning in Different Settings 63

Contribution of Teacher-Student Interaction 68

Learning to Interact in New Ways 69

Teacher Talk 70

Demands of Classroom Talk 73

Supporting or Hindering Language Learning 76

Supporting Language Learners: Language Understanding and Use 79

Language Learners and Socialization 81

Oral Interaction and Print Literacy 82

Interaction between Peers in the Primary School Classroom 83

Benefits 83

Peer Contributions to Social and Academic Success 84

Peers Supporting SLA through Interaction 86

Peers for Fun and Play 87

Role of First Language 88

Summary 90

4 Oral Interaction in the High School Classroom Context: Research and Implications for Pedagogy 91

Preview 91

Adolescents as Language Learners 91

Metalinguistic Ability 92

Social Development 93

Interaction in the High School Mainstream Classroom: L2 settings 93

Challenges of Mastering CALP and BICS 95

Contribution of Teacher-Student Interaction in Classrooms 95

Peer Interaction in L2 Settings 96

Oral Interaction and L2 Writing 98

Negotiating a Place amongst Peers 100

Interaction in Foreign Language Settings 102

Roles for Interaction 103

Patterns for Interaction 103

Purposes for Interaction 106

Supporting Successful Language Learning 107

Formulaic and Creative Language Use 107

Corrective Feedback 109

Peer Interaction in Foreign Language Settings 109

Peers' Attention to Language Form 110

Working Collaboratively 110

Strengths and Limitations 116

Individual Differences 116

Aptitude 116

Motivation 117

Summary 120

5 Oral interaction: What We Know Now 123

Preview 123

Reflecting on Ideas about Oral Interaction 123

Conclusion 128

Suggestions for Further Reading 131

Glossary 135

Transcription Conventions 143

References 145

Index 159

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