Ozone Diplomacy: New Directions in Safeguarding the Planet

Ozone Diplomacy: New Directions in Safeguarding the Planet

by Richard E. Benedick

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Ozone Diplomacy: New Directions in Safeguarding the Planet by Richard E. Benedick

Hailed in the Foreign Service Journal as "a landmark book that should command the attention of every serious student of American diplomacy, international environmental issues, or the art of negotiation," and cited in Nature for its "worthwhile insights on the harnessing of science and diplomacy," the first edition of Ozone Diplomacy offered an insider's view of the politics, economics, science, and diplomacy involved in creating the precedent-setting treaty to protect the Earth: the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer.

The first edition ended with a discussion of the revisions to the protocol in 1990 and offered lessons for global diplomacy regarding the then just-maturing climate change issue. Now Richard Benedick—a principal architect and the chief U.S. negotiator of the historic treaty—expands the ozone story, bringing us to the eve of the tenth anniversary of the Montreal Protocol. He describes subsequent negotiations to deal with unexpected major scientific discoveries and important amendments adding new chemicals and accelerating the phaseout schedules. Implementing the revised treaty has forced the protocol's signatories to confront complex economic and political problems, including North-South financial and technology transfer issues, black markets for banned CFCs, revisionism, and industry's willingness and ability to develop new technologies and innovative substitutes. In his final chapter Benedick offers a new analysis applying the lessons of the ozone experience to ongoing climate change negotiations.

Ozone Diplomacy has frequently been cited as the definitive book on the most successful environment treaty, and is essential reading for those concerned about the future of our planet.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674650015
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 06/28/1991
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 320
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.84(d)

About the Author

Ambassador Richard Elliot Benedick has had extensive diplomatic and negotiating experience in the U.S. Foreign Service. As a result of his work on the historic Montreal Protocol, he received in 1988 the highest presidential career public service honor: the Presidential Distinguished Service Award. In September 1997 he received the United Nations Environment Programme's Ozone Award for his work in negotiating the protocol and subsequent efforts on behalf of the ozone layer.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword to the First Edition by David Newsom

  • Preface to the First Edition

  • Preface to the Enlarged Edition

  • Abbreviations

  • Lessons from History

  • The Science: Models of Uncertainty

  • Spray Cans and Europolitics

  • Prelude to Consensus

  • Forging the U.S. Position

  • The Sequence of Negotiations

  • Points of Debate

  • The Immediate Aftermath

  • New Science, New Urgency

  • The Road to Helsinki

  • The Protocol in Evolution

  • The South Claims a Role

  • Strong Decisions in London

  • Accelerating the Phaseout

  • A New Phase for the Protocol

  • "Common but Differentiated Responsibilities"

  • Promoting Compliance

  • New Controls for North and South

  • A New Global Diplomacy: Ozone Lessons and Climate Change

  • Chronology

  • Appendix A. Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, March 1985

  • Appendix B. Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, September 1987

  • Appendix C. Londo Revisions to the Montreal Protocol, June 1990 (Excerpts)

  • Appendix D. Montreal Protocol Phaseout Schedules

  • Appendix E. Terms of Reference for the Multilateral Fund

  • Appendix F. Terms of Reference of the Executive Committee

  • Appendix G. Noncompliance Procedure

  • Appendix H. The Nearly Universal Treaty: Parties to the 1985 Vienna Convention and the 1987 Montreal Protocol, with Ratifications to the 1990 London Amendment and 1992 Copenhagen Amendment

  • Notes

  • Select Ozone Bibliography

  • Index

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