Pamphlets of the American Revolution, 1750-1776, Volume I: 1750-1765 available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
This is the first volume of a four-volume set that will reprint in their entirety the texts of 72 pamphlets relating to the Anglo-American controversy that were published in America in the years 1750–1776. They have been selected from the corpus of the pamphlet literature on the basis of their importance in the growth of American political and social ideas, their role in the debate with England over constitutional rights, and their literary merit. All of the best known pamphlets of the period, such as James Otis’s Rights of the British Colonies (1764), John Dickinson’s Farmer’s Letters (1768), and Thomas Paine’s Common Sense (1776) are to be included. In addition there are lesser known ones particularly important in the development of American constitutional thought: Stephen Johnson’s Some Important Observations (1766), John Joachim Zubly’s An Humble Enquiry (1769), Ebenezer Baldwin’s An Appendix Stating the Heavy Grievances (1774), and Four Letters on Interesting Subjects (1776). There are also pamphlets illustrative of the sheer vituperation of the Revolutionary polemics, and others selected for their more elevated literary merit. Both sides of the Anglo-American dispute and all genres of expressionpoetry, dramatic dialogues, sermons, treatises, documentary collections, political “position papers”that appeared in this form are included.
Each pamphlet is introduced by an essay written by the editor containing a biographical sketch of the author of the document, an analysis of the circumstances that led to the writing of it, and an interpretation of its contents. The texts are edited for the convenience of the modern reader according to a scheme that preserves scrupulously the integrity of every word written but that frees the text from the encumbrances of eighteenth-century printing practices. All references to writings, people, and events that are not obvious to the informed modern reader are identified in the editorial apparatus and where necessary explained in detailed notes.
This first volume of the set contains the texts of 14 pamphlets through the year 1765. It presents, in addition, a book-length General Introduction by Bernard Bailyn on the ideology of the American Revolution. In the seven chapters of this essay the ideological origins and development of the Revolutionary movement are analyzed in the light of the study of the pamphlet literature that went into the preparation of these volumes. Bailyn explains that close analysis of this literature allows one to penetrate deeply into the colonists’ understanding of the events of their time; to grasp more clearly than is otherwise possible the sources of their ideas and their motives in rebelling; and, above all, to see the subtle, fundamental transformation of eighteenth-century constitutional thought that took place during these years of controversy and that became basic doctrine in America thereafter.
Bailyn stresses particularly the importance in the development of American thought of the writings of a group of early eighteenth-century English radicals and opposition politicians who transmitted to the colonists most directly the seventeenth-century tradition of anti-authoritarianism born in the upheaval of the English Civil War. In the context of this seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century tradition one sees the political importance in the Revolutionary movement of concepts the twentieth century has generally dismissed as mere propaganda and rhetoric: “slavery,” “conspiracy,” “corruption.” It was the meaning these concepts imparted to the events of the time, Bailyn suggests, as well as the famous Lockean notions of natural rights and social and governmental compacts, that accounts for the origins and the basic characteristics of the American Revolution.
About the Author
Bernard Bailyn is Adams University Professor, Emeritus, and James Duncan Phillips Professor of Early American History, Emeritus, at Harvard University.
Table of Contents
GENERAL INTRODUCTION: The Transforming Radicalism of the American Revolution, by Bernard Bailyn
The Pamphlets of the Revolution
Sources and Traditions
Power and Liberty: A Theory of Politics
The Logic of Rebellion
A Note on Conspiracy
Representation and Consent Constitutions and Rights Sovereignty
The Contagion of Liberty
Slavery Establishment of Religion The Democracy Unleashed
"Whether Some Degree of Respect Be Not Always Due from Inferiors to Superiors"
PAMPHLETS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Jonathan Mayhew, A Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission and Non-Resistance to the Higher Powers
A Letter to the People of Pennsylvania; Occasioned by the...Act for Constituting the Judges...During Good Behaviour.
[John Aplin], Verses on Doctor Mayhew's Book of Observations on...The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts: With Notes, Critical and Explanatory
[Richard Bland], The Colonel Dismounted: Or The Rector Vindicated, In a Letter...Containing a Dissertation upon the Constitution of the Colony
Considerations upon the Act of Parliament, Whereby a Duty Is Laid...on Molasses and...on Sugar
[Thomas Fitch, et al.], Reasons Why the British Colonies, in America, Should Not Be Charged with Internal Taxes
New Haven, 1764
James Otis, The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved.
[Oxenbridge Thacher], The Sentiments of a British American.
[Stephen Hopkins], The Rights of Colonies Examined.
[Martin Howard, Jr.], A Letter from a Gentleman at Halifax, to His Friend in Rhode-Island, Containing Remarks upon a Pamphlet. Entitled, The Rights of Colonies Examined.
[James Otis], A Vindication of the British Colonies, against the Aspersions of the Halifax Gentleman
[Benjamin Church], Liberty and Property Vindicated and the St-pm-n Burnt
Boston ["Reprinted"], 1765
[Daniel Dulany], Considerations on the Propriety of Imposing Taxes in the British Colonies for the Purpose of Raising a Revenue
[John Dickinson], The Late Regulations...Considered, in a Letter from a Gentleman in Philadelphia to his Friend in London.
LIST OF PAMPHLETS TO APPEAR IN SUBSEQUENT VOLUMES