PAPERS ON LITERATURE AND ART - Part II by Margaret Fuller
It is in this volume that she published, like Part I, with essays mostly from 'The Dial'. The only part of this book that had not previously appeared in print is the essay titled "American Literature," in which she expressed, more fully than before, the criticisms on Longfellow and others which were then not uncommon among the Transcendentalists, and which, as uttered by her, brought on her hateful confrontations. It did not diminish this antagonism that the offending essay attracted especial attention in England, and was translated and published in a Paris review.
Fuller writes a great deal, and always writes well. She infuses an attractive spirituality into every thing she touches. These "Papers on Literature and Art Part II," clearly demonstrate all the idiocracies of this author; all her excellence. The work contains many beautiful thoughts and admirable views, and much able and judicious criticism.
The majority of this work is much admired by those who profess to understand the new thoughts, or new modes of expressing old apothegms (short cryptic remarks containing some general or generally accepted truth) which the transcendental philosophy has introduced. It was her last published work.
In the summer of 1849, Miss Fuller accompanied some close friends to Europe; after visiting England, Scotland, France, and passing through Italy to Rome, she spent the ensuing winter in the "Eternal City," where she continued, while her friends returned to America. In the following year, Margaret Fuller was married, in Rome, to Giovanni, Marquis d'Ossoli, an Italian. She remained in Rome till the summer of 1849, when, after the surrender of that city to the French, the Marquis d'Ossoli and his wife, having taken an active part in the republican movement, considered it necessary to emigrate. They went to Florence, and remained there till June. 1850, when they determined to go to the United States, and accordingly embarked at Leghorn, on board the brig "Elizabeth," bound for New York. The deplorable and melancholy catastrophe is well known: the ship, as it neared the American shore, encountered a fearful storm, and on the morning of the 8th of August was wrecked on Fire Island, south of Long island, and the d'Ossoli family—husband, wife, infant son, and nurse all perished!