Parliament and Congress: Representation and Scrutiny in the Twenty-First Century

Parliament and Congress: Representation and Scrutiny in the Twenty-First Century


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The constitutional background of both legislatures and their procedures are described and where possible compared. Currently unsolved problems often have much in common, in vexed areas such as ethics requirements or how procedural rules permit minorities fair access to legislative time before majorities prevail. British successes include the enhanced authority and effectiveness of select committees and the acquisition of more debating time by the creation of a parallel Chamber. Unsolved problems at Westminster begin with the powers and status of the Lords, and go on through the search for more effective review of EU activities, adapting parliamentary scrutiny to more sophisticated government financial information, and making better use of legislative time without diminishing back-bench rights.
The accelerated pace and extent of procedural changes in Congress is problematic. Constant pursuit of campaign funds, increased party exploitation of Members' ethical shortcomings, and partisan reapportionments, have diminished collegiality and compromise. Business is conducted with greater predictability, with fewer quorum calls, postponement and clustering of votes, and by utilization of ad hoc special orders, often in derogation of openness and minority rights in the House. Minority complaints have been frequent and occasionally extreme. Conversely constant filibuster threats in the Senate have enhanced minority party power there. An 'inverse ratio' between the greater complexity, importance, and urgency of pending legislation on the one hand, and diminution of deliberative capacity, fairness. and transparency on the other, has been repeatedly demonstrated, especially at the stage of final compromises between the Houses.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199655953
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 10/25/2012
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 600
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 9.60(h) x 4.50(d)

About the Author

William McKay; MA University of Edinburgh 1961. Served in the department of the Clerk of the House of Commons 1962-1994. Clerk Assistant of the House of Commons, 1994-1997. Clerk of the House and Chief Executive of the House Service, 1998-2002. Interim-Clerk designate to the Scottish Assembly 1979. For several years conseiller presidentiel to the president of the WEU Assembly, meeting periodically in Paris. Honorary Professor in the School of Law, University of Aberdeen 2003-07. Observer, Council of the Law Society of Scotland, 2006-present.

Charles Johnson; BA Amherst College, 1960; JD, University of Virginia Law School 1963. Member of District of Columbia Bar, 1965; U.S. Supreme Court Bar, 1968. Assistant Parliamentarian, U.S. House of Representatives 1964-1974; Deputy Parliamentarian 1975-1994; Parliamentarian 1994-2004. U.S. House Compilation of Precedents consultant, 2004-present. Adjunct Professor, University of Virginia Law School, 2005; Lecturer at several colleges and law schools.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Basic Constitutional Distinctions
3. The Four Houses
4. Representatives, Members, Lords and Senators
5. Procedural Basics
6. Power of the Purse
7. Scrutiny and Oversight
8. Committees
9. Legislation
10. Privilege and Contempt
11. Ethics and Standards
12. Conclusion
Annex of Tables

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