ISBN-10:
0813813395
ISBN-13:
9780813813394
Pub. Date:
08/01/1993
Publisher:
Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
Pathogenesis of Bacterial Infections in Animals / Edition 2

Pathogenesis of Bacterial Infections in Animals / Edition 2

by Carlton L. Gyles, Charles O. Thoen
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813813394
Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 08/01/1993
Edition description: 2ND
Pages: 331

About the Author

THE EDITORS:

Carlton L. Gyles, DVM, MSc, PhD, FCAHS, is Professor of Veterinary Microbiology at Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

John F. Prescott, MA, Vet MB, PhD, FCAHS, is Professor of Veterinary Microbiology at Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

J. Glenn Songer, PhD, is Professor of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Charles O. Thoen, DVM, PhD, is Professor and Former Chair, Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

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Table of Contents

Contributorsxiii
Prefacexvii
1Themes in Bacterial Pathogenic Mechanisms3
Basic Steps in Pathogenesis Provide a Sound Foundation3
Refining Concepts of Virulence5
Critical Host-Bacteria Communication6
Promise of Genomics8
Evolution of Pathogens--Insights into the Road Ahead9
2Evolution of Bacterial Virulence13
Population Structures and Genome Plasticity: Sex in Bacteria14
Pathogenicity Islands: Not a Place for Fun14
Illustrations of Virulence Evolution15
Conclusion21
3Streptococcus23
Streptococcus agalactiae23
Streptococcus dysgalactiae26
Streptococcus equi27
Streptococcus zooepidemicus31
Streptococcus canis32
Streptococcus suis33
Streptococcus porcinus35
Streptococcus uberis36
Streptococcus pneumoniae37
Conclusions38
4Staphylococcus43
Characteristics of the Organism43
Pathogenic Staphylococcus Species44
Sources of the Bacterium45
Bacterial Virulence Factors46
Pathogenesis48
Types of Disease and Pathologic Changes49
Interactions Between the Bacterium and Host Defenses50
Immunity and Its Impact on Pathogenesis51
Conclusions: New Developments52
5Bacillus anthracis57
Epidemiology57
Bacteriology58
Pathogenesis60
Therapeutics63
Immunity and Control64
6Mycobacterium69
Virulence70
Host Response70
Granulomatous Lesion Development72
7Corynebacterium and Arcanobacterium77
Corynebacterium77
Corynebacterium bovis77
Corynebacterium kutscheri77
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis78
Corynebacterium renale, C. pilosum and C. cystitidis80
Corynebacterium ulcerans81
Arcanobacterium81
Arcanobacterium pyogenes81
Conclusions84
8Rhodococcus87
Characteristics and Sources of the Organism87
Bacterial Virulence Factors87
Pathogenesis89
Gaps in Knowledge and Anticipated Developments95
9Listeria99
Characteristics of the Bacterium99
Sources of the Bacterium100
Bacterial Virulence Factors101
Pathogenesis102
Host-Pathogen Interactions in Listeriosis105
Conclusions107
10Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae111
Bacterial Virulence Factors111
Diseases112
Pathogenesis112
Acquired Immunity114
Conclusions115
11Neurotoxigenic Clostridia117
Botulism117
Characteristics of Clostridium botulinum117
Pathogenesis of Botulism118
Tetanus119
Pathogenesis of Tetanus119
Nature and Action of Botulinum and Tetanus Toxins119
Immunity to Botulism and Tetanus120
Conclusion121
12Histotoxic Clostridia125
Virulence Factors and Pathogenesis125
Conclusion128
13Enteric Clostridia131
Clostridium perfringens131
Clostridium septicum136
Clostridium difficile136
Clostridium spiroforme138
Conclusion138
14Salmonella143
Classification and Nomenclature143
Biochemical Characteristics and Bacterial Isolation144
Host Specificity144
Diseases Caused by Salmonella145
Virulence Factors148
Pathogenesis153
Immunity158
Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence160
Concluding Remarks160
15E. coli Shigella169
Disease170
Shigellosis in Animals170
Virulence Factors of E. coli Shigella171
Plasmids174
Pathogenesis of Shigellosis177
Immunity181
Toxins184
Concluding Remarks184
16Escherichia coli193
Types of E. coli Implicated in Disease194
Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC)194
Pathogenesis199
Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli (STEC)202
Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC)206
Pathogenesis206
Extraintestinal E. coli (ExPEC)208
Immunity213
Concluding Remarks214
17Actinobacillus225
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae225
Actinobacillus suis232
Actinobacillus equuli233
Actinobacillus lignieresii234
Conclusions and Future Prospects235
18Haemophilus243
Characteristics243
Habitat and Transmission244
Haemophilus somnus245
Haemophilus parasuis251
Haemophilus paragallinarum252
Conclusions253
19Bordetella259
Characteristics of the Organism259
Sources of the Bacterium260
Bacterial Virulence Factors260
Pathogenesis263
Immunity266
Conclusion267
20Pasteurella and Mannheimia273
Pasteurella273
Diseases/Economic Impact273
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, and Typing273
Sources of the Bacteria274
Bacterial Virulence Factors275
Pathogenesis and Pathology276
Immunity277
Conclusions278
Mannheimia278
Characteristics of the Organism279
Sources of the Bacterium279
Bacterial Virulence Factors279
Pathogenesis283
Interactions Between the Bacterium and Host Defenses283
Immunity284
Conclusion285
21Yersinia295
Classification of Yersinia Species295
Sources of Yersinia Species296
Virulence Factors298
Pathogenesis302
Immunity305
Future Directions305
22Brucella309
Virulence309
Disease311
Brucella abortus312
Brucella melitensis313
Brucella ovis313
Brucella suis313
Brucella canis314
Host Response314
Disease Control315
23Pseudomonas321
Diseases321
Virulence Factors of P. aeruginosa322
Antibiotic Resistance329
"Genome-Mining" for Essential Genes330
Pathogenesis330
Vaccines332
Conclusions and Future Prospects333
24Moraxella343
Characteristics of the Organism343
Characteristics of M. bovis343
Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK) or Pinkeye346
25Campylobacter and Helicobacter353
Campylobacter353
Campylobacter fetus353
Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli354
Campylobacter upsaliensis, C. hyointestinalis, and C. mucosalis357
Helicobacter357
Helicobacter hepaticus and H. bilis357
Helicobacter pylori358
26Lawsonia intracellularis363
Characteristics of L. intracellularis364
Sources of L. intracellularis365
Virulence Factors365
Pathogenesis366
Conclusion369
27Gram-Negative Anaerobes373
General Bacterial Virulence Factors373
Bacteroides373
Fusobacterium374
Prevotella and Porphyromonas377
Dichelobacter377
Treponema379
Brachyspira379
Overall Conclusions and Future Work381
28Leptospira385
Introduction and Historical Perspectives385
Characteristics of the Organism385
Sources of the Bacterium387
Bacterial Virulence Factors388
Pathogenesis390
Conclusions392
29Mycoplasma397
Characteristics of the Organism397
Sources of the Bacterium397
Bacterial Virulence Factors398
Pathogenesis400
Interactions404
Protective Immunity408
Conclusions and Future Directions410
30Chlamydia415
Classification415
Hosts and Kinds of Disease415
Life Cycle416
Host Response417
Diseases418
Pathogenesis419
31Rickettsiales425
Characteristics of Rickettsial Organisms425
Animal Rickettsial Pathogens--Family Anaplasmataceae426
Animal Rickettsial Pathogens--Family Rickettsiaceae436
Conclusion438
Index445

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"Veterinary medical education has led the medical professions in the intricate teaching of microbial pathogenesis of infectious diseases. The fourth edition of Pathogenesis of Bacterial Infections in Animals continues this legacy with introductory chapters regarding themes in bacterial pathogenic mechanisms, subversion of the immune response by bacterial pathogens, and the evolution of bacterial virulence. This book is an excellent text for graduate students in veterinary microbiology, pathology, pathobiology, and preventive medicine and veterinarians studying for related AVMA-recognized board certifications. The comprehensive and extremely current references with each chapter will be useful to those investigating the pathology and infectious diseases of animals." (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, December 2010)

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