Paul and Virtue Ethics: Building Bridges Between New Testament Studies and Moral Theology

Paul and Virtue Ethics: Building Bridges Between New Testament Studies and Moral Theology

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In Paul and Virtue Ethics, Daniel J. Harrington, SJ, and James F. Keenan, SJ, build upon their successful collaboration, Jesus and Virtue Ethics, to approach moral theology through virtue ethics, asking the key questions of life. With the apostle Paul as a guide, the authors examine the virtues that flow from Scripture and provide a lens through which to interpret it. They explore the theological virtues of faith, hope, and love; natural virtues and vices; social ethics; and sexual ethics.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780742599598
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 11/16/2010
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 220
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Daniel J. Harrington, SJ, was professor of New Testament at the Boston College School of Theology and Ministry. He was the author of a number of books, including How Do Catholics Read the Bible? and, with James F. Keenan, Jesus and Virtue Ethics.

James F. Keenan, SJ, holds the Canisius Chair at Boston College and is director of the Jesuit Institute. He is the author or editor of sixteen books, including Moral Wisdom: Lessons and Texts from the Catholic Tradition and Ethics of the Word: Voices in the Catholic Church Today.

Table of Contents

Prologue xi

Part I The Shape of Christian Virtue Ethics

1 Virtue Ethics and Fundamental Moral Theology 3

The Nature of Virtue Ethics 3

Responding to Criticisms regarding Virtue Ethics 8

Virtue Ethics on Tomorrow's Landscape 12

2 The Shape of Paul's Christian Virtue Ethics 15

Paul's Christian Virtue Ethics; Philippians 3:10-11 15

Who Was Paul? 17

Paul's Conversion and Call 19

Paul's Jewish Eschatological Consciousness 21

What Did Paul Hope For? 24

3 The Human Condition before and after Christ: Pauline Perspectives 29

Life before and after Christ: Romans 7:24-8:2 29

Sin, Death, and the Law 32

The Lament of the Enslaved 34

New Life in Christ Jesus and in the Holy Spirit 36

4 Conversion and the Human Condition: Theological Perspectives 41

Artistic Representations 41

The Absolute Priority of God's Love and Action 43

The Absolute Priority of Jesus Christ 46

The Response to Love 47

5 The Many Contexts of Paul's Ethical Teachings 49

The Christian Theological Context: Romans 12:9-16 49

Indicative and Imperative 52

The Last Judgment 54

Other Influences|56

6 Experience and Conscience in Theology Today 61

An Illustration 63

An Application 65

Conscience 67

The Voice of Conscience 68

Formation of the Conscience 69

Part II The Theological Virtues: Paul and Thomas Aquinas

7 Faith: Pauline Perspectives 75

The Three Theological Virtues: 1 Thessalonians 1:2-4 75

Faith as a Pauline Virtue 78

8 Faith: Theological Perspectives 83

Thomas Aquinas 84

Summa Theologiae 86

Thomas in the Summa on Faith 86

The Assent of Faith 87

9 Love: Pauline Perspectives 91

Faith Working through Love 91

Love in Biblical Perspective 91

Love as a Pauline Virtue 92

10 Charity: Theological Perspectives 95

Thomas in the Summa on Charity 95

11 Hope: Pauline Perspectives 99

What Paul Hoped For 99

Hope in Biblical Perspective 99

Hope as a Pauline Virtue 100

12 Hope: Theological Perspectives 103

Thomas in the Summa on Hope 103

Applying the Insights of Thomas (and Paul) 105

Part III Other Virtues and Christian Life

13 Virtues and Vices: Pauline Perspectives 109

Lists of Vices and Virtues: Galatians 5:19-23 109

More Lists 112

Extrabiblical Examples 113

Deuteropauline Lists of Virtues 115

A Deuteropauline Household Code 117

Godliness as a Christian Virtue 118

14 Virtues and Vices: Theological Perspectives 121

The Specificity of Christian Theological Ethics 121

Pauline Virtues beyond Faith, Hope, and Charity 125

15 Ethics in a Communal Setting: Pauline Perspectives 129

An Egregious Offense: 1 Corinthians 5:1-5 129

Paul's Letters as Social and Pastoral Communications 131

A Communal Crisis of Conscience 133

Discerning the Spirit in Community 135

The Strong and the Weak at Rome 137

16 Ethics in a Communal Setting: Theological Perspectives 141

Humility as a Biblical Virtue 141

Augustine and Thomas Aquinas on Humility 143

Contemporary Emphasis on Humility 146

17 Communal Ethics and the Eucharist 149

The Lord's Supper: 1 Corinthians 11:23-26 149

Christians and Pagan Worship: 1 Corinthians 10 150

A Scandal Pertaining to the Eucharist: 1 Corinthians II 151

18 Eucharist and Virtue 153

The Shift to Relational Self-Understanding 153

Worship as the Embodied Practice of Fundamental Moral Theology 155

The Moral Practices of the Liturgy of the Word 156

The Moral Practices of the Eucharist 158

Part IV The Virtues and Social and Sexual Issues

19 Social Ethics: Pauline Perspectives 163

Stay As You Are: 1 Corinthians 7:21-24 163

Problems for Philemon and Paul 166

Church and State 169

Social Institutions within the Church 172

Deuteropauline Household Codes 173

20 Social Ethics: Theological Perspectives 179

Seven Points for Consideration 179

A Closer Look at Hospitality 183

21 Relationships and Sexual Ethics: Pauline Perspectives 189

Marriage as the Usual Pattern: 1 Corinthians 7:1-7 189

Other Teachings in 1 Corinthians 7 191

"No Longer Male and Female"? 197

Sexual Immorality/Fornication 197

Gender Roles 198

Incest 199

Prostitution 199

Homosexuality 200

Paul's Sexual Ethic 200

22 Relationships and Sexual Ethics: Theological Perspectives 203

Chastity 203

More Virtues for Human Relationships 204

Developing a Relational Sexual Ethics out of These Cardinal Virtues 206

Epilogue: Paul, Dietrich, Martin, and Bernhard 211

Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-1945) 211

Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) 212

Bernhard Häring (1912-1998) 213

Index 217

About the Authors 225

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