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Peace and Conflict Studies: A Reader is a comprehensive and intensive introduction to the key works in this growing field.
Peace and conflict studies, incorporating anthropology, sociology, political science, ethics, theology and history, aims to uncover the roots of conflict, transform the underlying causes, develop preventive strategies, and teach conflict resolution skills. As a trans-disciplinary inquiry into the nature of peace and the reasons for wars and other forms of human conflict, this discipline has grown exponentially since its birth about a half-century ago. Since 2000, in particular, there has been a sharp increase in peace and conflict studies curricula, particularly in the number of postgraduate peace studies programs. Presenting a range of theories, methodologies, and approaches to understanding peace and to transforming conflict, it contains both classic and cutting-edge contemporary analyses. The book has six general sections:
PART I:The Meanings and History of Peace - philosophical, religious, social-scientific, and historical perspectives on the genealogy, history, and somewhat contested nature of peace and its study.
PART II:The Meanings and Nature of Conflict - focusing on the reasons for violent conflicts, wars, and terrorism.
PART III: The History of Peace and Conflict - histories of peace and social protest movements in general, and of democracy and nonviolent social movements in China and the former Soviet bloc in particular.
PART IV: Conflict Management, Resolution, and Transformation - focuses on contending approaches to conflict management, resolution, and transformation, and includes assessments of diplomacy, realpolitik, international law, nonviolent revolutionary movements, disarmament, and reconciliation.
PART V: Nonviolent Action and Social Change - classic essays on nonviolence in theory and as a way of life, as well as contemporary asssessments of nonviolence as a means of political transformation.
PART VI: Building Cultures and Paradigms of Peace - focuses on building cultures of peace via peacekeeping and peacemaking. Societies that have sustained peace are a central element in this analysis.
The volume editors frame the discussion in an extensive introduction and provide short introductions to each section as well. Each section includes also suggestions for further reading and student questions for the classroom.
This book will be essential reading for students of peace and conflict studies and conflict resolution, and highly recommended for students of peace operations, peacebuilding, sociology, international security and IR in general
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.80(w) x 9.60(h) x 1.00(d)|
Table of Contents
Introduction PART I: PEACE STUDIES, PEACE EDUCATION, AND PEACE A. What are Peace and Conflict Studies and Peace Education? 1. Shaping a Vision- The Nature of Peace and Conflict Studies Conrad Brunk 2. Four Major Challenges Facing Peace Education in Regions of Intractable Conflict Gavriel Salomon B. What is Peace? 3. Peace in International Relations Oliver Richmond 4. 2011 Global Peace Index 5. Thinking Peace Charles Webel 6. Positive and Negative Peace Johan Galtung PART II: PEACE THEORIES AND PEACE MOVEMENTS A. Philosophical and Religious Contributions to Peace 7. Eternal Peace Immanuel Kant 8. Address to The Swedish Peace Congress in 1909 Leo Tolstoy 9. The Moral Equivalent of War William James 10. The Russell-Einstein Manifesto 11. A Human Approach to World Peace Dalai Lama B. Peace and Social Justice Movements 12. PEACE: A History of Movements and Ideas David Cortright 13. Introduction, from Peace Movements in International Protest and World Politics since 1945 April Carter 14. From Protest to Cultural Creativity: Peace Movements Identified and Revisited Nigel Young PART III: THE MEANINGS AND NATURE OF CONFLICT A. What are Violence and Conflicts? 15. On Violence Hannah Arendt 16. Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development 17. World Health Organization (WHO): An Internationally Accepted Definition of Violence 18. WHO: Violence Prevention: The Evidence, Overview B. The Reasons for Violent Conflicts and Terrorism 19. Letter to Sigmund Freud Albert Einstein 20. Why War? Sigmund Freud 21. UNESCO: Seville Statement on Violence 22. Psychological Contributions to Understanding Peace and Conflict Charles Wevel and Viera Sotakova 23. The Evil Scourge of Terrorism: Reality, Construction, Remedy Noam Chomsky PART IV: CONFLICT ANALYSIS, TRANSFORMATION, AND PREVENTION A. Conflict Dynamics, Resistance, and Democracy 24. Protagonist Strategies that help end Violence Louis Kriesberg and Gearoid Millar 25. Nonviolent Geopolitics; Rationality and Resistance Richard Falk 26. The United States and the Prospects for Democracy in Islamic Countries Steven Zunes B. Reconcilliation 27. How do Post-Conflict Societies Deal with a Traumatic Past and Promote National Unity and Reconciliation? Andrew Rigby C. Disarmament 28. Disarmament and Survival Marc Pilisuk 29. Overcoming War, The Importance of Constructive Alternatives Christine Schweitzer V: NONVIOLENT ACTION AND POLITICAL CHANGE A. Nonviolence as a Way of Life 30. Home Rule Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 31. Pilgrimage to Nonviolence Martin Luther King, Jr B. Nonviolence as a Political Tool 32. How Nonviolence Works Brian Martin 33. Excerpts from, From Dictatorship to Democracy Gene Sharp 34. Waves of Nonviolence and the New Revolutionary Movements Jørgen Johansen VI: BUILDING INSTITUTIONS AND CULTURES OF PEACE A. Peacekeeping, Peace-building, and Peacemaking 35. A Critique of Robust Peacekeeping in Contemporary Peace Operations Thierry Tardy 36. Social Entrepreneurs and Constructive Change: The Wisdom of Circumventing Conflict Ryszard Praskier, Andrej Nowak and Peter T. Coleman 37. Systems-Building before State-Building: On the Systemic Preconditions of State-Building Peter Halden 38. Gender and Peace: Towards a Gender-Inclusive, Holistic Perspective Tony Jenkins and Betty Reardon B. From Cultures of Violence to Cultures of Sustainable Peace 39. Competing Discourses on Aggression and Peacefulness Majken Jul Sørensen 40. Gender, Conflict, and Social Capital; Bonding and Bridging in War in the former Yugoslavia Maja Korac 41. Peaceful Societies and Everyday Behaviour Elise Boulding