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Persistent Organic Pollutants / Edition 1

Persistent Organic Pollutants / Edition 1

by Stuart Harrad


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781405169301
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 06/01/2010
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 6.80(w) x 9.80(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Dr Stuart Harrad is a Senior Lecturer at the University ofBirmingham. He heads the NERC Network on POPs and has been selectedto chair Dioxin 2008, a major conference on Halogenated POPs (1000delegates).
He edited Persistent Organic Pollutants: Environmental Behaviourand Pathways of Human Exposure published by Kluwer in 2001.

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Table of Contents

1. Beyond the Stockholm Convention: An Introduction to CurrentIssues and Future Challenges in POPs Research (StuartHarrad).


2. Brominated Flame Retardants (Robin J. Law).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Sources.

2.3 Overview of measurement techniques.

2.4 Physico-chemical properties and their influence onenvironmental fate and behaviour.

2.5 Overview of toxicology.

2.6 Environmental levels – present, past and futuretemporal trends.

2.7 Human exposure – magnitude and relative significanceof pathways.

2.8 Summary/Conclusions.



3. Perfluoroalkyl Compounds (Naomi L. Stock, Derek C.G. Muir, and Scott Mabury).

3.1 Introduction and Nomenclature.

3.2 Manufacturing and Production.

3.3 Overview of Toxicology.

3.4 Physical Chemical Properties  and EnvironmentalFate.

3.5 Overview of Measurement Techniques.

3.6 Human Exposure.

3.7 Sources of PFCs to the Environment.

3.8 Environmental Measurements.


4. Chirality as an Environmental Forensics Tool(Charles S. Wong, Nicholas A. Warner).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Classes of Chiral Legacy and Persistent OrganicPollutants.

4.3 Measuring and Quantifying Enantiomer Composition ofPOPs.

4.4 Chirality to Characterize Environmental BiochemicalProcesses.

4.5 Chirality to Quantify Rates of Biotransformation.

4.6 Chirality as a tool for Pollutant Source Apportionment.

4.7 Caveats in using Chirality to probe Biologically-MediatedEnvironmental Processes.

4.8 Conclusions.



5. Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Developing World(Bondi Gevao, Henry Alegria, Foday M. Jaward and Mirza U.Beg).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Sources of POPs in developing countries.

5.3 Levels of POPs in developing countries.

5.4 Problems related to POPs in Developing Countries.

5.5 Conclusions.


6. Sources, Fate and Effects of Contaminant Emissions inUrban Areas (Erin Hodgeand Miriam Diamond).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Chemical Emissions in Urban Areas.

6.3 Chemical Mixtures in Urban Media.

6.4 Urban Chemical Signatures.

6.5 Emissions and Environmental Degradation.

6.6 Urban Form and Chemical Emissions.

6.7 A Quantitative Model of Contaminant Fate in Urban Areas.

6.8 Future Directions.



7. The Contamination of Indoor Environments with PersistentOrganic Pollutants (Stuart Harrad).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Methods of Sampling.

7.3 Sources and Levels of Indoor Contamination.

7.4 Relative Significance of Indoor Exposure.

7.5 Uncertainties in Estimates of Exposure via Dust Ingestionand Indoor Air Inhalation.

7.6 International Differences in Indoor Contamination.

7.7 Concentrations in Different Microenvironment Categories.

7.8 Influence of Indoor Contamination on OutdoorContamination.

7.9 Future Research Priorities.


8. The Chemicals that will not go away: Implications forHuman Exposure of Reservoirs of Pops (Miriam Diamond andStuart Harrad).


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