Persistent Organic Pollutants / Edition 1 available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of living organisms and are toxic to humans and wildlife. The Stockholm Convention on POPs is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from POPs which came into force in 2004. Currently, twelve substances or substance groups are included under the Stockholm Convention, but there is a case for including new and emerging POPs such as brominated flame retardants and perfluorinated substances. This book considers these two new pollutants, together with the emerging area of chirality and its applications as an environmental forensics tool, and the topic of POPs contamination of indoor environments.
|Product dimensions:||6.80(w) x 9.80(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Dr Stuart Harrad is a Senior Lecturer at the University ofBirmingham. He heads the NERC Network on POPs and has been selectedto chair Dioxin 2008, a major conference on Halogenated POPs (1000delegates).He edited Persistent Organic Pollutants: Environmental Behaviourand Pathways of Human Exposure published by Kluwer in 2001.
Table of Contents
1. Beyond the Stockholm Convention: An Introduction to CurrentIssues and Future Challenges in POPs Research (StuartHarrad).
2. Brominated Flame Retardants (Robin J. Law).
2.3 Overview of measurement techniques.
2.4 Physico-chemical properties and their influence onenvironmental fate and behaviour.
2.5 Overview of toxicology.
2.6 Environmental levels – present, past and futuretemporal trends.
2.7 Human exposure – magnitude and relative significanceof pathways.
3. Perfluoroalkyl Compounds (Naomi L. Stock, Derek C.G. Muir, and Scott Mabury).
3.1 Introduction and Nomenclature.
3.2 Manufacturing and Production.
3.3 Overview of Toxicology.
3.4 Physical Chemical Properties and EnvironmentalFate.
3.5 Overview of Measurement Techniques.
3.6 Human Exposure.
3.7 Sources of PFCs to the Environment.
3.8 Environmental Measurements.
4. Chirality as an Environmental Forensics Tool(Charles S. Wong, Nicholas A. Warner).
4.2 Classes of Chiral Legacy and Persistent OrganicPollutants.
4.3 Measuring and Quantifying Enantiomer Composition ofPOPs.
4.4 Chirality to Characterize Environmental BiochemicalProcesses.
4.5 Chirality to Quantify Rates of Biotransformation.
4.6 Chirality as a tool for Pollutant Source Apportionment.
4.7 Caveats in using Chirality to probe Biologically-MediatedEnvironmental Processes.
5. Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Developing World(Bondi Gevao, Henry Alegria, Foday M. Jaward and Mirza U.Beg).
5.2 Sources of POPs in developing countries.
5.3 Levels of POPs in developing countries.
5.4 Problems related to POPs in Developing Countries.
6. Sources, Fate and Effects of Contaminant Emissions inUrban Areas (Erin Hodgeand Miriam Diamond).
6.2 Chemical Emissions in Urban Areas.
6.3 Chemical Mixtures in Urban Media.
6.4 Urban Chemical Signatures.
6.5 Emissions and Environmental Degradation.
6.6 Urban Form and Chemical Emissions.
6.7 A Quantitative Model of Contaminant Fate in Urban Areas.
6.8 Future Directions.
7. The Contamination of Indoor Environments with PersistentOrganic Pollutants (Stuart Harrad).
7.2 Methods of Sampling.
7.3 Sources and Levels of Indoor Contamination.
7.4 Relative Significance of Indoor Exposure.
7.5 Uncertainties in Estimates of Exposure via Dust Ingestionand Indoor Air Inhalation.
7.6 International Differences in Indoor Contamination.
7.7 Concentrations in Different Microenvironment Categories.
7.8 Influence of Indoor Contamination on OutdoorContamination.
7.9 Future Research Priorities.
8. The Chemicals that will not go away: Implications forHuman Exposure of Reservoirs of Pops (Miriam Diamond andStuart Harrad).