This lucid textbook presents a much-needed review and synthesis of recent developments in personality psychology. In particular, it provides a comprehensive overview of the latest work addressing the impact of the social on the individual. It convincingly shows the future to lie with an interactionist perspective that integrates key insights from social psychology.
Barbara Krah[ac]e outlines the background to the main controversies in the field. She assesses the theoretical and methodological developments resulting from various challenges to traditional personality theory and explores new methods, particularly idiographic, aimed at improving the measurement of stability and change in personality. Finally, she shows how vari
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About the Author
Barbara Krah[ac]e lectures in the Department of Psychology, Free University of Berlin. She holds a Heisenberg Fellowship awarded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. She is author of Situation Cognition and Coherence in Personality (1990) and co-editor (with G[um]un R Semin) of Issues in Contemporary German Social Psychology (1987).
Table of Contents
Persons and Situations Cornerstones of Modern Personality PsychologyThe Issue of Consistency in Personality Sixty Years of ControversyIn Defence of Traits New (and Revived) PerspectivesModern Interactionism An Alternative Framework for Personality ResearchImplementing the Interactionist Programme Three Exemplary Areas of ResearchImproving Personality Measurement The Nomothetic Road to the Study of ConsistencyPersonality Psychology Is about Individuals Rediscovering the Idiographic LegacyThe Role of the Situation in Personality ResearchPersonality Psychology in the Nineties An Outlook EXPANDED CONTENTS FOR SOLUSAPTER ONE PERSONS AND SITUATIONS CORNERSTONES OF MODERN PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGYScope of the bookeview of the chaptersAPTER TWO THE ISSUE OF CONSISTENCY IN PERSONALITY SIXTY YEARS OF CONTROVERSYMeanings of consistencyThe beginnings of the controversyThe traditional trait positionThe situationist challengeProposed solutionsmmaryAPTER THREE IN DEFENCE OF TRAITS NEW (AND REVIVED) PERSPECTIVESBasic trait dimensions the big fiveThe biological basis of traitsTraits as social constructionsmmaryAPTER FOUR MODERN INTERACTIONISM AN ALTERNATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR PERSONALITY RESEARCHThe fundamentals of modern interactionismThe role of situation variablesPersonality development from an interactionist perspectivemmaryAPTER FIVE IMPLEMENTING THE INTERACTIONIST PROGRAMME THREE EXEMPLARY AREAS OF RESEARCHAnxiety a multidimensional approachEmotions and person-situation congruenceProsocial behaviourHas interactionism come of age critical voicesmmaryAPTER SIX IMPROVING PERSONALITY MEASUREMENT THE NOMOTHETIC ROAD TO THE STUDY OF CONSISTENCYThe moderator variable strategy beyond omnibus predictionsAggregation and act trends beyond single-act criteriaThe peer-rating strategy beyond self-reportsmmaryAPTER SEVEN PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY IS ABOUT INDIVIDUALS REDISCOVERING THE IDIOGRAPHIC LEGACYStrategies for capturing individual uniquenessThe idiothetic approach to consistencyIntegrating idiographic and nomothetic measures of personalityUnderstanding personal life plansmmaryAPTER EIGHT THE ROLE OF THE SITUATION IN PERSONALITY RESEARCHSituations as objective entitiesSituations as subjective realitiesSituations as chosen by the individualmmaryCHAPTER NINE PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY IN THE NINETIES AN OUTLOOK