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Teachers College Press
Perspectives on Learning (Thinking About Educations Series): Fourth Edition / Edition 4

Perspectives on Learning (Thinking About Educations Series): Fourth Edition / Edition 4

by D.C. Phillips, Jonas F. Soltis


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Perspectives on Learning (Thinking About Educations Series): Fourth Edition / Edition 4

Rather than simply outlining the classical and modern theories of learning, this widely adopted text brings the material to life through case studies that engage students in debates about what really happens in classrooms. Students are encouraged to test the strengths and weaknesses of each theory so that, ultimately, they will learn to formulate their own philosophies of teaching and learning. Perspectives on Learning is one of the five books in the highly regarded Teachers College Press Thinking About Eeucation Series, now in its Fourth Edition. All of the books in this series are designed to help pre- and in-service teachers bridge the gap between theory and practice.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807744475
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Publication date: 12/28/2003
Series: Thinking about Education Series
Edition description: Fourth Edition
Pages: 116
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

A Note to the Instructorxi
Chapter 1Introduction3
The Teacher's Responsibility4
The Variety of Theories5
The Plan of the Book6
Chapter 2Classical Theories9
Plato's Theory of Learning10
Case One12
The Lockean Atomistic Model13
Case Two15
A Critique16
Case Three19
Chapter 3Behaviorism21
Classical Conditioning23
Operant Conditioning25
Case One27
B. F. Skinner27
Strengths and Weaknesses29
Case Two31
Chapter 4Problem Solving, Insight, and Activity33
The Gestalt Approach33
Case One36
The Inquiring Organism38
The Mind of the Learner39
Chapter 5Plagetian Structures and Psychological Constructivism41
The Development of Cognitive Structures42
The Principles of Construction44
Case One46
Some Critical Issues47
Guidelines for Educators49
Constructivist Approaches to Learning After Piaget50
Chapter 6Social Aspects of Learning53
John Dewey56
Case One57
Vygotsky and Others57
Case Two60
Case Three61
Situated Cognition and Legitimate Peripheral Participation in Communities of Practice62
Culture and Learning64
Chapter 7Cognitive Structures and Disciplinary Structures67
Maps and Organizers68
An Exercise70
The Structure of Disciplines71
Bruner, Schwab, and Hirst72
An Evaluation75
Chapter 8The Cognitive Science Approach76
The Heuristic Value for Researchers77
The Heuristic Value for Teachers79
Some Deficiencies of the Computer Model81
Understanding, Meaning, and the "Chinese Room"83
Plato and the Mind87
Chapter 9Arguments and Issues90
The Relation of Learning Theory to Teaching92
Different Kinds of Learning?92
A Starting Place for Learning93
Learning and Behavior Change94
The Scientific Status of Gestalt and Behaviorist Theories95
Different Teaching-Learning Strategies96
Teaching, Learning, and Stages of Development97
Learning to Read98
Learning Facts and Structures99
Learning Theory and Artificial Intelligence99
Learning to Balance Chemical Equations100
The Evaluation of Verbal and Skill Learning102
Learning the Meaning of Adding102
Learning Shakespeare103
Learning Responsibility104
Culture and Learning105
Individualized Learning106
A Problem with Multiple Theories of Learning107
Annotated Bibliography113

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