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Peru is the most interesting model of justice and development in Latin America today. To ana-lyze the sociopolitical progress of this nation, David Chaplin has gathered together and edited this interdisciplinary collection of essays.
Peru's development is unique for several rea-sons. First, it has shown that a military force that was trained largely by the United States can em-ploy its professional expertise not to remain a well-behaved ally but to pull off a genuinely radi-cal nationalist revolution even at the expense of various interests of its "benefactor." Second, Peru has proven that successful economic de-velopment need be neither capitalist nor Social-ist.
Peruvian Nationalism contains major papers by leading Peruvianists on the 1960s and on the current revolutionary military regime. The tem-poral focus is on the current (post-1968) revolu-tionary military government, with background material covering the early 1960s. Contributors are all social scientists including American, Italian and Peruvian writers who have carried outfield research in Peru.
The primary focus of this volume is the radical change being carried out by the current military structure. Relevant background topics include: Peru's sociopolitical structure during the 1960s, especially under the Belaunde regime, with par-ticular attention to peasant movements and agrarian reform; a reassessment of the pre-1968 golpe (coup de'etat) behavior of former military governments; an analysis of the uniquely radical ideology and concrete reforms of the current mil-itary government.
This social science reader on Peru is a schol-arly as well as sympathetic treatment of Peru's national and local politics, social structure, agrarian and tax reform and peasant move-ments. The editor has provided an extensive in-troduction and index and has also included a thorough bibliography of publications on Peru since 1960.
About the Author
David Chaplin is professor and chairman of the Department of Sociology at Western Michigan University and author of The Peruvian Industrial Labor Force (1967), Population Policies and Growth in Latin America (1971) and numerous articles on Peru.
Table of Contents
National sociopolitical structure: Chaplin, D. The revolutionary challenge an Peruvian militarism. Cotler, J. The mechanics of internal domination and soc change in Peru.Urban politics: Doughty, P. L. Social policy and urban grow in Lima. Goldrich, D., Bratt, R. B., and Schuller, C. R. The political integration of lower-class urban settlements in Chile and Peru. Powell, S. Political participation in the barriadas. Collier, D. The politics of squatt settlement formation in Peru. Chaplin, D. Blue-collar workers in Peru. Bayer D. L. Urban Peru, political action as sellout.Rural politics: Whyte, W. F. Rural Peru, peasants as activists. Alberti, G. Peasant movements in the Yanamarca Valley. Chaplin, D. La Convenciaon Valley and the 1962-65 guerrill uprising. Strasma, J. Agrarian reform. Strasma, J. Some economic aspects of nonviolent revolution in Peru and Chile. Hunt, S. Distribution, growth, and government economic behavior in Peru.The military and the church: Einaudi, R. Revolution from within? Military rule in Peru since 1968. Palmer, D. S. a Middlebrook, K. J. Corporatist participation under military rule in Peru. Astiz, C. A. The Catholic Church in the Peruvian political system.